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【arm】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Arm, ARM, Arms, ärm, Ärm, and Arm.

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English arm, from Old English earm (arm) Old English arm (arm), from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz (arm), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (a fitting, joint; arm, forequarter), a suffixed form of *h₂er- (to join, fit together).

名词(Noun)

arm (plural arms)

  1. The portion of the upper human appendage, from the shoulder to the wrist and sometimes including the hand.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 19, in The China Governess[1]:
      When Timothy and Julia hurried up the staircase to the bedroom floor, where a considerable commotion was taking place, Tim took Barry Leach with him. He had him gripped firmly by the arm, since he felt it was not safe to let him loose, and he had no immediate idea what to do with him.
    She stood with her right arm extended and her palm forward to indicate “Stop!”
  2. (anatomy) The extended portion of the upper limb, from the shoulder to the elbow.
    The arm and forearm are parts of the upper limb in the human body.
  3. A limb, or locomotive or prehensile organ, of an invertebrate animal.
    the arms of an octopus
  4. The part of a piece of clothing that covers the arm.
    Synonym: sleeve
  5. A long, narrow, more or less rigid part of an object extending from the main part or centre of the object, such as the arm of an armchair, a crane, a pair of spectacles or a pair of compasses.
    The robot arm reached out and placed the part on the assembly line.
  6. (geography) A bay or inlet off a main body of water.
    Shelburne Bay is an arm of Lake Champlain.
  7. A branch of an organization.
    the cavalry arm of the military service
  8. (figuratively) Power; might; strength; support.
    the arm of the law
    the secular arm
  9. (baseball, slang) A pitcher
    The team needs to sign another arm in the offseason.
  10. (genetics) One of the two parts of a chromosome.
  11. A group of patients in a medical trial.
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

See arm/translations § Noun.

动词(Verb)

arm (third-person singular simple present arms, present participle arming, simple past and past participle armed)

  1. (obsolete) To take by the arm; to take up in one's arms.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English arm (poor, wretched), from Old English earm (poor, miserable, pitiful, wretched), from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz (poor), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁erm- (poor, ill).

形容词(Adjective)

arm (comparative armer or more arm, superlative armest or most arm)

  1. (Britain dialectal, chiefly Scotland) Poor; lacking in riches or wealth.
  2. (Britain dialectal, chiefly Scotland) To be pitied; pitiful; wretched.
来源参考(References)
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Back-formation from arms (plural), from Middle English armes, from Old French armes, from Latin arma (weapons), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er-mo-, a suffixed form of *h₂er- (to fit together), hence ultimately cognate with etymology 1.

名词(Noun)

arm (plural arms)

  1. (usually used in the plural) A weapon.
    • 1883, Robert Louis Stevenson, Treasure Island
      The next thing I laid hold of was a brace of pistols, and as I already had a powder horn and bullets, I felt myself well supplied with arms.
  2. (in the plural) Heraldic bearings or insignia.
    The Duke's arms were a sable gryphon rampant on an argent field.
  3. (in the plural, obsolete) War; hostilities; deeds or exploits of war.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • Pubs and taverns often use this word in their names, as a reference to heraldic bearings, e.g. The Queen's Arms.
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

arm (third-person singular simple present arms, present participle arming, simple past and past participle armed)

  1. (transitive) To supply with armour or (later especially) weapons.
    The king armed his knights with swords and shields.
  2. (transitive) To prepare a tool or a weapon for action; to activate.
    Remember to arm the alarm system before leaving for work.
  3. (transitive) To cover or furnish with a plate, or with whatever will add strength, force, security, or efficiency.
    to arm the hit of a sword; to arm a hook in angling
  4. (transitive, figuratively) To furnish with means of defence; to prepare for resistance; to fortify, in a moral sense.
  5. (intransitive) To take up weapons; to arm oneself.
  6. (transitive) To fit (a magnet) with an armature.
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

变位词(Anagrams)


Afrikaans

词源(Etymology)

From Dutch arm.

名词(Noun)

arm (plural arms)

  1. arm

Cimbrian

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle High German arm, from Old High German arm, from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz (arm). Cognate with German Arm, English arm.

名词(Noun)

arm m (plural èrme)

  1. (Sette Comuni) arm
    An langar arm rékhet béetor.A long arm can reach further.
关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle High German arm, from Old High German arm, from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz (poor, pitiful). Cognate with German arm, English arm.

形容词(Adjective)

arm (comparative èrmor, superlative dar èrmorste)

  1. (Sette Comuni, Luserna) poor
    Bèar is arm hat nicht so borliran.He who is poor has nothing to lose.
变化形式(Declension)

This adjective has irregular declension; positive inflected forms also have umlaut.

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  • “arm” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo
  • “arm” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Danish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse armr (arm), from Proto-Germanic *armaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er-mo- (arm).

名词(Noun)

arm c (singular definite armen, plural indefinite arme)

  1. (anatomy) arm
Inflection

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse armr (arm, poor), from Proto-Germanic *armaz (poor).

形容词(Adjective)

arm

  1. (dated) poor, not rich
    Synonym: fattig
  2. unfortunate, poor
    Synonym: stakkels

Inflection

Inflection of arm
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular arm 2
Neuter singular armt 2
Plural arme 2
Definite attributive1 arme
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

查看更多(Further reading)


Dutch

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle Dutch arm, from Old Dutch arm, from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz (arm), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (a fitting, joint), a suffixed form of *h₂er- (to join, fit together). Cognate to Avestan 𐬀𐬭𐬨𐬀(arma) and Old Persian [script needed] (arma).

名词(Noun)

arm m (plural armen, diminutive armpje n)

  1. arm
    Iemand kneep in mijn arm.
    Someone pinched my arm.
  2. branch (especially of streams and organisations)
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Afrikaans: arm

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle Dutch arm, from Old Dutch arm, from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erH- (to be sparse).

形容词(Adjective)

arm (comparative armer, superlative armst)

  1. poor (not rich)
    'arme landenpoor countries
  2. poor (unfortunate)
    arme stakker…poor soul…
Inflection
Inflection of arm
uninflected arm
inflected arme
comparative armer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial arm armer het armst
het armste
indefinite m./f. sing. arme armere armste
n. sing. arm armer armste
plural arme armere armste
definite arme armere armste
partitive arms armers
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)

变位词(Anagrams)


Estonian

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Finnic *arpi; arm is an irregular variant of the root; the expected arb can be seen in dialects.

名词(Noun)

arm (genitive armi, partitive armi)

  1. scar

变化形式(Declension)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Most likely derived from armas. Cognate to Votic armo (grace, mercy).

名词(Noun)

arm (genitive armu, partitive armu)

  1. mercy

变化形式(Declension)


German

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erH- (to be sparse) or alternatively from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erbʰ-, whence English orphan.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ʔaʁm]

形容词(Adjective)

arm (comparative ärmer, superlative am ärmsten)

  1. poor (having little money)
  2. poor (to be pitied)
    arm dran seinto have bad luck
    lieber arm dran als Arm abbetter to have bad luck than to lose an arm (the play on words is lost in translation)
  3. low (having a small amount)

变化形式(Declension)

反义词(Antonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • Armenkasse
  • Armenkrankenhaus

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • arm” in Duden online

Icelandic

名词(Noun)

arm

  1. indefinite accusative singular of armur

Irish

词源(Etymology)

From Old Irish arm n (armour, battle-equipment, panoply; weapon; army), from Latin arma.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

arm m (genitive singular airm, nominative plural airm)

  1. weapon; implement, tool
  2. (collective) arms
  3. army

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • armach (armed, adjective)
  • armadóir (armourer)
  • armáil (arm, verb)
  • armáil (armament; army)
  • armbheart (feat of arms)
  • armchúirt (court martial)
  • arm diúractha (missile)
  • arm faobhair (edged weapon)
  • arm géar (sharp weapon)
  • armghéag (arm, branch of service)
  • armlann (armoury, magazine)
  • armlón m (ammunition)
  • armrua (fierce in arms, adjective)
  • armshlua m (armed host)
  • arm tine (firearm)
  • giolla airm (armour-bearer)
  • seirbhís airm f (army service)

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
arm n-arm harm not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

查看更多(Further reading)


Jersey Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Middle Dutch arm, from Old Dutch arm, from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz. Cognate with Dutch arm (poor), German arm (poor).

形容词(Adjective)

arm

  1. poor
    • 1912, Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsche taal— en letterkunde, volumes 31-32, page 309:
      Hai waz nît tevrêde täus en dârkîs tû râkni arm. [] |He was not content at home and therefore he became poor.

Livonian

词源(Etymology)

Akin to Finnish armas.

名词(Noun)

arm

  1. peace
  2. love

Manx

词源(Etymology)

From Old Irish arm n (armour, battle-equipment, panoply; weapon; army), from Latin arma.

名词(Noun)

arm m (genitive singular arm, plural armyn)

  1. arm, weapon, armament

动词(Verb)

arm (verbal noun armal, past participle garmal)

  1. arm

来源参考(References)


Middle Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Dutch arm, from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz.

名词(Noun)

arm m

  1. arm
替代形式(Alternative forms)
Inflection
派生词(Descendants)
查看更多(Further reading)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Dutch arm, from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz.

形容词(Adjective)

arm

  1. poor, having few possessions
  2. unfortunate, pitiable
Inflection
Adjective
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative Indefinite arm arme arm arme
Definite arme arme
Accusative armen arme arme arme
Genitive arms armer arms armer
Dative armen armer armen armen
替代形式(Alternative forms)
派生词(Descendants)
查看更多(Further reading)

中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old English earm (arm), from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz (arm), from Proto-Indo-European *arəm- (arm).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

名词(Noun)

arm (plural arms)

  1. arm
派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old English earm (poor, wretched), from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz (poor), from Proto-Indo-European *erm- (poor, ill).

形容词(Adjective)

arm

  1. poor
  2. miserable, wretched

派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Bokmål

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse armr.

形容词(Adjective)

arm (neuter singular armt, definite singular and plural arme)

  1. poor

名词(Noun)

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

arm m (definite singular armen, indefinite plural armer, definite plural armene)

  1. (anatomy) an arm

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Nynorsk

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

From Old Norse armr m, from Proto-Germanic *armaz m. Akin to English arm.

名词(Noun)

arm m (definite singular armen, indefinite plural armar, definite plural armane)

  1. (anatomy) an arm
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse armr, from Proto-Germanic *armaz.

形容词(Adjective)

arm (masculine and feminine arm, neuter armt, definite singular and plural arme, comparative armare, indefinite superlative armast, definite superlative armaste)

  1. poor, pitiful (to be pitied)
衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

变位词(Anagrams)


Old Dutch

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz.

名词(Noun)

arm m

  1. arm
Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

派生词(Descendants)
查看更多(Further reading)
  • arm (I)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz.

形容词(Adjective)

arm

  1. poor
Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
查看更多(Further reading)
  • arm (II)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old English

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz (arm), whence also Old High German arm, Old Norse armr.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

arm m

  1. arm
变化形式(Declension)

Old High German

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ermos, *h₂ŕ̥mos, whence also Old English arm, Old Norse armr.

名词(Noun)

arm m

  1. (anatomy) arm

变化形式(Declension)

派生词(Descendants)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz, whence also Old English earm, Old Norse armr.

形容词(Adjective)

arm

  1. poor, miserable
派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High German Primer

Old Saxon

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz, whence also Old English earm, Old Norse armr.

名词(Noun)

arm m

  1. arm
变化形式(Declension)


派生词(Descendants)
  • Middle Low German: arm
    • Low German:
      • German Low German:
        Hamburgisch: Arm
      • Westphalian:
        Ravensbergisch-Lippisch: Ārm
        Sauerländisch: Ārm, Ārem, Oarm
        Westmünsterländisch: Arm
    • Plautdietsch: Oam, Oarm

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz, whence also Old English earm, Old Norse armr.

形容词(Adjective)

arm (comparative armoro, superlative armost)

  1. miserable, poor
变化形式(Declension)


派生词(Descendants)
  • Low German: arm

Romanian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin armus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er- (to join).

名词(Noun)

arm n (plural armuri)

  1. (chiefly Oltenia) an animal's haunch, or a thigh on a person
    Synonyms: coapsă, șold

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(See also)


Scots

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English arm, from Old English earm (arm), from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz (arm), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er-mo- (arm).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

名词(Noun)

arm (plural arms)

  1. arm
  2. arm of the sea
  3. bar, beam

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English arm (poor), from Old English earm (poor), from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz (poor), from Proto-Indo-European *erm- (poor, ill).

形容词(Adjective)

arm (comparative mair arm, superlative maist arm)

  1. poor; wretched
  2. weak; thin; sickly

动词(Verb)

arm (third-person singular present arms, present participle armin, past armt, past participle armt)

  1. (intransitive) to crawl about miserably.

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Middle English armen (to arm), from Old French armer (to arm), from Latin armō (to arm). More at arm.

动词(Verb)

arm (third-person singular present arms, present participle armin, past armt, past participle armt)

  1. to arm, outfit with weapons or armour

词源4(Etymology 4)

From Old Norse armr (wing of a body).

名词(Noun)

arm (plural arms)

  1. the tail end of something, especially of fishing line

Scottish Gaelic

词源(Etymology)

From Old Irish arm n (armour, battle-equipment, panoply; weapon; army), from Latin arma.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

arm m (genitive singular airm, plural airm)

  1. army
    Synonym: armailt
  2. arm, weapon

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Arm is usually used to refer to the entire fighting force of a nation etc, while armailt usually refers to the an "army" involved in a particular battle etc:
    Arm Bhreatainn anns a' Chogadh MhòrBritish Army in the First World War (the armed forces as a whole)
    armailt Bhreatannach ann an AfragaBritish Army in Africa

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

Mutation

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
arm n-arm h-arm t-arm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

查看更多(Further reading)

  • arm” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “arm”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Swedish

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse armr (arm), from Proto-Germanic *armaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ermos, *h₂ŕ̥mos.

名词(Noun)

arm c

  1. (anatomy) arm; the body part
  2. arm; something extending from a body
变化形式(Declension)
Declension of arm 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative arm armen armar armarna
Genitive arms armens armars armarnas
衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse armr (poor), from Proto-Germanic *armaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ormos.

形容词(Adjective)

arm

  1. (dated) poor; to be pitied
  2. (dated) poor; with no possessions or money
变化形式(Declension)
Inflection of arm
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular arm armare armast
Neuter singular armt armare armast
Plural arma armare armast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 arme armare armaste
All arma armare armaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
衍生词(Derived terms)

变位词(Anagrams)


Yimas

名词(Noun)

arm

  1. water

来源参考(References)

  • The Papuan Languages of New Guinea (1986, →ISBN) (as arɨm)
  • William A. Foley, The Yimas Language of New Guinea (1991, →ISBN), page 296:
    arm tark kantk-rm ima-na-tɨ-n
    water coldness with-water water S-DEF-becomes-PRES
    'The water is getting cold.'

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