万维词典

【bad】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Jump to search
See also: Bad, bád, båd, bað, and բադ

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English bad, badde (wicked, evil, depraved), of uncertain origin. Perhaps a shortening of Old English bæddel (hermaphrodite) (for loss of -el compare Middle English muche from Old English myċel, and Middle English wenche from Old English wenċel), or at least related to it and/or to bædan (to defile), from Proto-Germanic *bad- (compare Old High German pad (hermaphrodite)). Alternatively, perhaps a loan from Old Norse into Middle English, compare Norwegian bad (effort, trouble, fear, neuter noun), East Danish bad (damage, destruction, fight, neuter noun), from the Proto-Germanic noun *bada-.[1]

形容词(Adjective)

bad (comparative worse or (slang) badder, superlative worst or (slang) baddest)

  1. Unfavorable; negative; not good.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 10, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      He looked round the poor room, at the distempered walls, and the bad engravings in meretricious frames, the crinkly paper and wax flowers on the chiffonier; and he thought of a room like Father Bryan's, with panelling, with cut glass, with tulips in silver pots, such a room as he had hoped to have for his own.
    You have bad credit.
    The weather looks pretty bad right now.
    Don't talk to him; he's in a bad mood.
    Abducting children is bad for mothers.
  2. Not suitable or fitting.
    Do you think it is a bad idea to confront him directly?
  3. Not appropriate, of manners etc.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      [] if you call my duds a ‘livery’ again there'll be trouble. It's bad enough to go around togged out like a life saver on a drill day, but I can stand that 'cause I'm paid for it. What I won't stand is to have them togs called a livery. []
    It is bad manners to talk with your mouth full.
  4. Unhealthy; liable to cause health problems.
    Lard is bad for you. Smoking is bad for you, too. Grapes are bad for dogs but not for humans.
  5. Sickly, unhealthy, unwell.
    Joe's in a bad way; he can't even get out of bed.
    I went to the hospital to see how my grandfather was doing. Unfortunately, he's in a bad state.
    I've had a bad back since the accident.
  6. Not behaving; behaving badly; misbehaving; mischievous or disobedient.
    Stop being bad, or you will get a spanking!
  7. Tricky; stressful; unpleasant.
    Divorce is usually a bad experience for everybody involved.
  8. Evil; wicked.
    Be careful. There are bad people in the world.
  9. Faulty; not functional.
    I had a bad headlight.
  10. (of food) Spoiled, rotten, overripe.
    These apples have gone bad.
  11. (of breath) Malodorous; foul.
    Bad breath is not pleasant for anyone.
  12. False; counterfeit; illegitimate.
    They were caught trying to pass bad coinage.
  13. Unskilled; of limited ability; not good.
    I'm pretty bad at speaking French.
    He's a bad gardener; everything he tries to grow ends up dying.
  14. Of poor physical appearance.
    I look really bad whenever I get less than seven hours of sleep.
    I don't look bad in this dress, do I?
  15. (informal) Bold and daring.
  16. (slang) Good, superlative, excellent, cool, Fantastic.
    • 1986, Darryl McDaniels and Joseph Simmons (lyrics and music), “Peter Piper”, in Raising Hell, performed by Run-DMC:
      He's the big bad wolf in your neighborhood / not bad meaning bad, but bad meaning good
    • 1994, N2Deep (lyrics), “Best Ever”, in 24-7-365, track 7:
      Man, that bitch was bad—it was the best piece of pussy that I ever had.
    Man, that new car you bought is bad!
    You is [sic] bad, man!
  17. (of a need, want, or pain) Severe, urgent.
    He is in bad need of a haircut.
  18. (US, slang) Overly promiscuous, licentious.
    • 2005, Jordan Houston, Darnell Carlton, Paul Beauregard, Premro Smith, Marlon Goodwin, David Brown, and Willie Hutchinson (lyrics), “Stay Fly”, in Most Known Unknown[1], Sony BMG, performed by Three 6 Mafia (featuring Young Buck, 8 Ball, and MJG):
      You leave your girl around me; if she's bad she's gonna get stuck.
  19. (slang, of a draft/check) Not covered by funds on account.
    He gave me a bad check.
同义词(Synonyms)
反义词(Antonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
查看更多(See also)

副词(Adverb)

bad (comparative worse, superlative worst)

  1. (now colloquial) Badly.
    I didn't do too bad in the last exam.
    • 1969, Lennon–McCartney (lyrics and music), “I Want You (She’s So Heavy)”, in Abbey Road, performed by The Beatles:
      I want you / I want you so bad, it's driving me mad
翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

bad (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Error, mistake.
    Sorry, my bad!
    • 1993, Mitch Albom, Fab five: basketball, trash talk, the American dream[2]:
      "My bad, My bad!” Juwan yelled, scowling
    • 2003, Zane, Skyscraper, page 7:
      “Chico, you're late again.” I turned around and stared him in his beady eyes. “I missed my bus. My bad, Donald.” “Your bad? Your bad? What kind of English is that?
    • 2008, Camika Spencer, Cubicles, page 68:
      Teresa broke out in laughter. “Dang, I sound like I'm talking to my man.” “I tried your cell phone, but you didn't answer.” “I left it at home, Friday. My bad.” “Yeah, your bad.” I laughed. “Really, I'm sorry. It won't happen again.
  2. (countable, uncountable, economics) An item (or kind of item) of merchandise with negative value; an unwanted good.
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    • 2011, Thompson, Henry, International Economics: Global Markets and Competition, 3rd edition, World Scientific, page 97:
      Imports are an economic good but exports an economic bad. Exports must be produced but are enjoyed by foreign consumers.
    • 2011, William J. Boyes, Michael Melvin, Economics, 9th edition, Cengage Learning, page 4:
      An economic bad is anything that you would pay to get rid of. It is not so hard to think of examples of bads: pollution, garbage, and disease fit the description.
翻译(Translations)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Kroonen, Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, s.v. *badōjan-

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English bad, from Old English bæd, first and third-person singular indicative past tense of biddan (to ask).

动词(Verb)

bad

  1. (archaic) alternative past of bid. See bade.

词源3(Etymology 3)

Unknown

动词(Verb)

bad (third-person singular simple present bads, present participle badding, simple past and past participle badded)

  1. (Britain, dialect, transitive) To shell (a walnut).
    • 1876, The Gloucester Journal, Oct. 7, 1876, reported in A. Gregory, “Gloucestershire Dialect,” Notes and Queries, 5th ser., 6, 148 (1876‑10‑28): 346
      A curious specimen of Gloucestershire dialect came out in an assault case heard by the Gloucester court magistrates on Saturday. One of the witnesses, speaking of what a girl was doing at the time the assault took place, said she was ‘badding’ walnuts in a pigstye. The word is peculiarly provincial: to ‘bad’ walnuts is to strip away the husk. The walnut, too, is often called a ‘bannut,’ and hence the old Gloucestershire phrase, ‘Come an’ bad the bannuts.’

变位词(Anagrams)


Afrikaans

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

bad (plural [please provide])

  1. bath

来源参考(References)


Danish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse bað, Proto-Germanic *baþą (bath), cognate with English bath and English Bad.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

bad n (singular definite badet, plural indefinite bade)

  1. bath, shower, swim
  2. bathroom
Inflection

词源2(Etymology 2)

See the etymology of the main entry.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ˈb̥æˀð], [ˈb̥æðˀ]

动词(Verb)

bad

  1. past tense of bede

词源3(Etymology 3)

See the etymology of the main entry.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ˈb̥æˀð], [ˈb̥æðˀ]

动词(Verb)

bad

  1. imperative of bade

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /bɑt/
  • Hyphenation: bad
  • Rhymes: -ɑt

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle Dutch bat, from Old Dutch *bath, from Proto-Germanic *baþą.

名词(Noun)

bad n (plural baden, diminutive badje n)

  1. bath
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Afrikaans: bad

词源2(Etymology 2)

See the etymology of the main entry.

动词(Verb)

bad

  1. singular past indicative of bidden

Gothic

罗马化(Romanization)

bad

  1. Romanization of 𐌱𐌰𐌳

Indonesian

词源(Etymology)

From Persian باد(bâd, wind).

名词(Noun)

bad (plural, first-person possessive badku, second-person possessive badmu, third-person possessive badnya)

  1. (archaic) wind
    Synonym: angin

Lushootseed

名词(Noun)

bad

  1. father

Norwegian Bokmål

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse bað, from Proto-Germanic *baþą (bath).

名词(Noun)

bad n (definite singular badet, indefinite plural bad, definite plural bada or badene)

  1. a bath
    et varmt bad - a hot bath
  2. a bathroom (see also baderom)
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • (of be) ba

动词(Verb)

bad

  1. imperative of bade
  2. simple past of be
  3. simple past of bede

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Nynorsk

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse bað.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

bad n (definite singular badet, indefinite plural bad, definite plural bada)

  1. a bath
    eit varmt bad - a hot bath
  2. a bathroom

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

bad

  1. past of be

来源参考(References)


Old English

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

bād

  1. first/third-person singular preterite of bīdan

Old Irish

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

bad

  1. inflection of is:
    1. third-person singular past subjunctive
    2. third-person singular/second-person plural imperative

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bad bad
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbad
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Palauan

词源(Etymology)

From Pre-Palauan *baðu, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *batu, from Proto-Austronesian *batu. Cognate with Kavalan btu,Tagalog bato, Malay batu, Maori whatu.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

bad

  1. stone; rock

Polish

词源(Etymology)

From German Bad, from Middle High German, from Old High German bad, from Proto-West Germanic *baþ, from Proto-Germanic *baþą.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

bad m inan

  1. (obsolete) health resort, bath

变化形式(Declension)

同义词(Synonyms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • bad in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scottish Gaelic

名词(Noun)

bad m (genitive singular baid, plural badan)

  1. place, spot
  2. tuft, bunch
  3. flock, group
  4. thicket, clump (of trees)

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Somali

名词(Noun)

bad ?

  1. sea

Swedish

词源(Etymology)

From Old Swedish badh, from Old Norse bað, from Proto-Germanic *baþą, from the zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₁-.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

bad n

  1. a bath, the act of bathing
  2. a bath, a place for bathing (badplats, badhus)

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of bad 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bad badet bad baden
Genitive bads badets bads badens

关联词(Related terms)

动词(Verb)

bad

  1. past tense of be.
  2. past tense of bedja.

来源参考(References)


Volapük

名词(Noun)

bad (nominative plural bads)

  1. evil, badness

变化形式(Declension)

查看更多(See also)


Welsh

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old English bāt.

名词(Noun)

bad m (plural badau)

  1. boat
    Synonyms: cwch, llong
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • bad achub (lifeboat)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

bad f (uncountable)

  1. plague, pestilence
    Synonyms: pla, haint
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • y fad fawr (the Great Plague)

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bad fad mad unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

本页面最后更新于2021-04-07 06:16,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器