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【calque】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: calqué

英语(English)

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 calque on Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from French calque (calque, literally tracing, copy), from calquer (to copy, trace) (whence also calk), itself borrowed from Italian calcare, from Latin calcāre (I tread).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

calque (plural calques)

  1. (linguistics, translation studies) A word or phrase in a language formed by word-for-word or morpheme-by-morpheme translation of a word in another language.
    Synonyms: loan translation, calquing
    Hypernym: loan formation
    Coordinate term: partial calque, loanblend (a term that is partially a calque and partially formally contains a foreign element)
    The word “watershed” is a calque of the German “Wasserscheide”.

翻译(Translations)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • partial calque
  • semi-calque

查看更多(See also)

动词(Verb)

calque (third-person singular simple present calques, present participle calquing, simple past and past participle calqued)

  1. (linguistics, translation studies) To adopt (a word or phrase) from one language to another by semantic translation of its parts.

翻译(Translations)

Trivia

While the term calque is a loanword from French, the term loanword is a calque of German.

变位词(Anagrams)


Asturian

动词(Verb)

calque

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of calcar

French

词源(Etymology)

Deverbal of calquer, borrowed from Italian calcare, from Latin calcāre (I tread).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

calque m (plural calques)

  1. tracing (the reproduction of an image made by copying it through translucent paper)
  2. (lexicography) calque, loan translation
  3. (computer graphics) layer

派生词(Descendants)

  • Belarusian: ка́лька (kálʹka)
  • Bulgarian: ка́лка (kálka)
  • Catalan: calc (semantic loan)
  • Czech: kalk
  • English: calque
  • Georgian: კალკი (ḳalḳi)
  • Italian: calco (semantic loan)
  • Latvian: kalks
  • Macedonian: калка (kalka)
  • Polish: kalka
  • Russian: ка́лька (kálʹka)
  • Serbo-Croatian: ка̏лк (kȁlk)
  • Slovak: kalk
  • Slovene: kalk
  • Spanish: calco (semantic loan)
  • Ukrainian: ка́лька (kálʹka)
  • Yiddish: קאַלקע(kalke)

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Portuguese

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

calque

  1. inflection of calcar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Spanish

动词(Verb)

calque

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of calcar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of calcar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of calcar.

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