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【clad】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English clad, cladde, cled(e), cledde, past tense and past participle forms of clethen ((also figurative) to put clothing on, clothe, dress; to provide clothing to; to arm, equip; to cover, envelop; to conceal; to adorn),[1] from Old English clǣðan (past tense clǣðde, *clædde),[2] probably from clǣþ, clāþ (cloth; (plural) clothes), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gleh₁y-, *gley- (to adhere, cling, stick to).

动词(Verb)

clad

  1. (archaic) simple past tense and past participle of clothe
    • 1478, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, General Prologue, 101-104, [1]
      A YEMAN hadde he and servantz namo / At that tyme, for hym liste ride soo; / And he was clad in cote and hood of grene.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English clad(d), cladde, clade, past tense and past participle forms of clathen, clothen (to put clothing on, clothe, dress),[3] from Old English clāðian, clāþian (to clothe) (past participle ġeclāded, ġeclaðed, ġeclaðod),[2][4] from clāþ, clǣþ (cloth; (plural) clothes); see further at etymology 1.

形容词(Adjective)

clad (not comparable)

  1. Of a person: wearing clothing or some other covering (for example, armour) on the body; clothed, dressed; with a descriptive word: wearing clothing of a specified type.
    Synonyms: attired, beclad, raimented; see also Thesaurus:clothed
    Antonyms: unclad; see also Thesaurus:naked
    • 1881, Wilde, Oscar, “Charmides”, in Poems[2]:
      [...] from his nook up leapt the venturous lad, / And flinging wide the cedar-carven door / Beheld an awful image saffron-clad / And armed for battle!
    • 1912, Stephens, James, chapter 10, in The Charwoman's Daughter; republished as Mary, Mary, New York: Boni & Liveright, (Please provide a date or year), page 66:
      Her downcast eyes were almost mesmerized by the huge tweed-clad knees which towered like monoliths beside her.
    • 1921, Dos Passos, John, Three Soldiers[3], Part One, New York: The Modern Library, published 1932, page 35:
      Everything was lost in a scene from a movie in which khaki-clad regiments marched fast, fast across the scene.
    • 1964, Nakamura, Hajime, “Alienation from the Objective Natural World”, in Philip P. Wiener, editor, Ways of Thinking of Eastern Peoples: India–China–Tibet–Japan[4], translator not credited, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, page 142:
      The radical conservatives of the Jain monks were called “Digambara—the sky-clad.” They went about completely naked, or in other words, “clothed in space.”
    • 1981, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Detained: A Writer's Prison Diary, Section One, London: Heinemann, page 111:
      There his chains would be removed and he would be ushered into the waiting-room for a five-minute chat with his wife surrounded on all sides by security men and civilian-clad prison warders.
    • 2001, Hine, Daryl, transl., chapter CXXV, in Puerilities: Erotic Epigrams of The Greek Anthology, Princeton University Press, page 59:
      Love brought between my sheets a laughing lad / One night. Eighteen years old, he was half-clad / Like a young boy: what a sweet dream!
    • 2007, Duttlinger, Carolin, chapter 7, in Kafka and Photography, Oxford University Press, page 214:
      In the original photograph, the two leaders are followed by a single pair of uniform-clad men, but in Kafka's symmetrical arrangement, there are two pairs of attendants, each pair facing each other.
  2. Of an object (often in compounds): covered, enveloped in, or surrounded by a cladding, or a specified material or substance.
    • 1879, Stevenson, Robert Louis, Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes[5], New York: Century, published 1907, page 25:
      On all sides, Goudet is shut in by mountains; rocky foot-paths, practicable at best for donkeys, join it to the outer world of France; and the men and women drink and swear, in their green corner, or look up at the snow-clad peaks in winter from the threshold of their homes [...]
    • 1887, Caine, Hall, chapter XXVIII, in The Deemster[6], volume 2, London: Chatto & Windus, page 283:
      Into this book-clad room it followed the Bishop, with blue eyes and laughter on the red lips [...]
    • 1929, Jeffers, Robinson, “Evening Ebb”, in The Selected Poetry of Robinson Jeffers[7], New York: Random House, published 1937, page 263:
      The sun has gone down, and the water has gone down / From the weed-clad rock, but the distant cloud-wall rises.
    • 1941, Lewis, Sinclair, “A Note on Book Collecting”, in The Man from Main Street, New York: Pocket Books, published 1963, page 101:
      [...] I can remember every volume among the three or four hundred books that made up the library of my father, the country doctor—three or four hundred besides those portentous leather-clad depositories of medical mystery filled with color plates depicting the awful intimacies of the innards;
    • 1963, Garver, Harry L., “Lightning Protection for the Farm”, in Farmers' Bulletin[8], Issue 2136, U.S. Government, page 8:
      Copper and copper-clad steel resist corrosion indefinitely in soil that is relatively free from ammonia.
    • 1987, Michaelson, Sol M.; Lin, James C., chapter 3, in Biological Effects and Health Implications of Radiofrequency Radiation[9], New York and London: Plenum Press, page 84:
      The probe is constructed from plastic-clad silica fiber with an FPA Teflon jacket to prevent ambient light from being scattered into the system.
    • 2011, Imber, Colin, “The Ottoman Empire (tenth/sixteenth century)”, in Maribel Fierro, editor, The New Cambridge History of Islam, Volume 2: The Western Islamic World: Eleventh to Eighteenth Centuries, Cambridge University Press, page 353:
      The second half of the century also saw the artistic peak of ceramic production at İzniq, with the finest products of the İzniq kilns made visible to the public in the tile-clad walls of the mosques of Rüstem Pasha (968/1561) and Șoqollu Meḥmed Pasha (979/1571) in Istanbul, both by Sinān.
  3. (figuratively) Adorned, ornamented.
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Apparently derived from clad (adjective);[5] see etymology 2.

动词(Verb)

clad (third-person singular simple present clads, present participle cladding, simple past and past participle clad or cladded)

  1. (archaic, literary or obsolete, past tense clad) To clothe, to dress.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, Book I, Canto Two, stanza 6, [10]
      At last faire Hesperus in highest skie / Had spent his lampe and brought forth dawning light, / Then up he rose, and clad him hastily; / The Dwarfe him brought his steed: so both away do fly.
    • c. 1592, Christopher Marlowe, Edward II, Act I, Scene 1, [11]
      Music and poetry is his delight; / Therefore I'll have Italian masks by night, / Sweet speeches, comedies, and pleasing shows; / And in the day, when he shall walk abroad, / Like sylvan nymphs my pages shall be clad;
    • c. 1600, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act I, Scene 1, [12]
      But look, the morn, in russet mantle clad, / Walks o’er the dew of yon high eastward hill.
    • 1611, Authorized (King James) Version of the Bible, 1 Kings 11:29, [13]
      And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field;
    • 1660, William A[nderson] Gunnell, compiler, “Walter Brockett, 1660”, in Sketches of Hull Celebrities: Or Memoirs and Correspondence of Alderman Thomas Johnson, (Who was Twice Mayor of Kingston-upon-Hull.) And Four of His Lineal Descendants, from the Year 1640 to 1858.[], Hull, Yorkshire: [] Walker & Brown,[] [for] William Anderson Gunnell,[], published 1876, OCLC 54269936, page 176:
      He alwaie claddeth yn a blak Cote with Trunkhose o ye lyke Colore, wi Shoos and Siller Buckels, a spuddish coroned Hatte, wi a Bruarte o muche brodeneſse, an tached vppe atte ye Rear, wi a Cordige an Tassle.
    • 1726, Jonathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels, Part III, Chapter II, [14]
      Those to whom the king had entrusted me, observing how ill I was clad, ordered a tailor to come next morning, and take measure for a suit of clothes.
    • 1798, William Wordsworth, "We Are Seven" in William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lyrical Ballads, [15]
      She had a rustic, woodland air, / And she was wildly clad; / Her eyes were fair, and very fair, / —He beauty made me glad.
    • 1831 July, “Art. III.—1. Erste Sammlung Lettischer Sinngedichte. Ruien, 1807, 12mo. 2. Zweyte Sammlung Lettischer Sinn-oder Stegriefs Gedichte, 1808, 12mo. 3. Palzmareeschu Dseesmu Krahjums. (Lettish and Palzmarinian Songs and Epigrams.)”, in The Foreign Quarterly Review, volume VIII, number XV, London: Treuttel and Würtz, and Richter,[]; Black, Young, and Young,[], OCLC 1569728, page 77:
      O Pergubri! thou it is that sendest the winter away, and bringest back the beautiful spring. It is thou who coverest the hedges and the meadows with green, and claddest the hedges and the forest with leaves.
    • 1875, Patrick Smollett, Hansard, 7 April, 1875, [16]
      Those ladies came over to champion "Woman's rights," and proclaim the equality of the sexes; and to show they had a right to do so, they assumed, or rather usurped male attire—they clad themselves in breeches
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter VIII,
      But what interested me most was the slender figure of a dainty girl, clad only in a thin bit of muslin which scarce covered her knees--a bit of muslin torn and ragged about the lower hem.
    • 2009, Lester D. Langley, Simón Bolívar: Venezuelan Rebel, American Revolutionary, Rowman & Littlefield, Chapter 4, p. 75,
      His followers were neither ideologues nor philosophers nor clerics but shabbily clad fifteen-year-olds who looked twice their age [...]
  2. (past tense clad or cladded) To cover with a cladding or another material (for example, insulation); (figuratively) to envelop, to surround.
    • 1596, Thomas Lodge, Dedication, A Margarite of America, in Clara Gebert (ed.), An Anthology of Elizabethan Dedications and Prefaces, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1933, p. 115, [17]
      [...] many bitter and extreme frosts at midsummer continually clothe and clad the discomfortable mountaines [...]
    • 1674, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book VII, 313-6, [18]
      He scarce had said, when the bare earth, till then / Desert and bare, unsightly, unadorned, / Brought forth the tender grass whose verdure clad / Her universal face with pleasant green,
    • 1863, F[rederik] Paludan-Müller, “The Death of Abel”, in Mrs. Krebs, transl., A Few Poems Translated from the Danish, Copenhagen, Denmark: C. A. Reitzel,[], OCLC 560761268, stanza V, page 24:
      But on the pale moon Eve now fix'd her gaze, / „Behold”, she said, „how cold and pale its face, / „Now Abel’s house it claddeth with its ray, / „And shineth now above Cain’s lonely way.”
    • 1896, Fiona Macleod, The Washer of the Ford and Other Legendary Moralities, New York: Duffield & Co., 1910, p. 297, Chapter 6, [19]
      Naked she was, though clad with soft white moonlight.
    • 1972, B. W. Lifka and D. O. Sprowls, "Significance of Intergranular Corrosion in High-Strength Aluminum Alloy Products" in Localized Corrosion — Cause of Metal Failure, American Society for Testing and Materials, Special Technical Publication 516, p. 122, [20]
      Subsequently E. H. Dix, Jr., at Alcoa Research Laboratories established methods to metallurgically clad commercial aluminum to both sides of a 2017-T4 (then known as 17S-T) sheet to obtain outstanding corrosion protection.
  3. (figuratively, past tense clad) To imbue (with a specified quality).
    • 1559, "The forme of Ordering of Priests" in The Book of Common Prayer,
      Most merciful Father, we beseech thee so to send upon these thy servantes thy heavenly blessing, that they may bee clad about with all justice [...]
    • 1599, Thomas Dekker, Old Fortunatus, Act V, Scene 2, [21]
      O folly, thou hast power to make flesh glad, / When the rich soul in wretchedness is clad.
    • 1943, Percy Harris, Hansard, 26 May, 1943, [22]
      The other day I was looking up some records of the Parliamentary Debates of the past, and I found my hon. Friend the Member for Dundee (Mr. Foot), who is now clad in all the majesty of a Minister and sits on the Treasury bench without regard to his murky past, moved a Motion on one of those pleasant Fridays [...]
    • 1976, Saul Bellow, To Jerusalem and Back, New York: Viking, p. 37,
      He is one of those bulky men clad in sensitivity.
动词变化形式(Conjugation)
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

来源参考(References)

变位词(Anagrams)


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