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See also: Claret


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From Middle English claret, from Middle French claret,[1] from Medieval Latin claratum vinum, from Latin clarus.

Compare tent (Spanish red wine), also from color


  • IPA(key): /ˈklæɹɪt/, /ˈklæɹət/[2] IPA(key): /klɛːɹət/
  • (hyperforeign) IPA(key): /ˈklæɹɪ/, /ˈklæɹə/, /klɛːɹə/


claret (countable and uncountable, plural clarets)

  1. (chiefly Britain) A dry red wine produced in the Bordeaux region of France, or a similar wine made elsewhere.
    • 1909, Eva Greene Fuller, The Up-To-Date Sandwich Book: 400 Ways to Make a Sandwich, page 155:
      CLARET JELLY SANDWICH: Soak one box of gelatine in one cup of cold water, then dissolve in one cup of boiling water, add one cup of sugar and strain. When cold, add the juice of half a lemon, and one cup of claret and set in a cool place. When ready for use, cover thin slices of lightly buttered white bread with the jelly, cover with another slice of buttered bread and cut in strips.
  2. A deep purplish-red colour, like that of the wine.
    • 2002, Zadie Smith, The Autograph Man, Penguin Books (2003), page 243:
      Honey smiled hugely, so that Alex was shown every one of her claret gums.
  3. (Britain, colloquial) Blood.
    • 1851, Pierce Egan, Every Gentleman’s Manual: A Lecture on the Art of Self-Defence, page 46:
      Time being called, Johnson rose from his second’s knee with the heart of a lion—the immense size and weight of his opponent seemed lost sight of—not a particle of fear belonged to him; and screwing his courage up to the sticking-place, boldly faced his man, putting all the excellence of his science into action, put in such a tremendous blow on the sensitive plant of Perrins—otherwise his sneezer, or nose—whichever term you like best—that split it all the way down as if cut open with a carving-knife; the claret flowing in torrents; and the Giant floored!
    • 1863, John Hanning Speke, Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile, page 271:
      I then gave him a dig on the head with my fist. He squared up, and pouted like an enraged chameleon, looking savagely at me. I gave him another dig, which sent him staggering. He squared again: I gave him another; till at last, as the claret was flowing, he sulked off, and said he would not serve me any more.
    • 2017 October 1, “Bygones: Ince gives blood for the cause as he leads from the front in Rome”, in Yorkshire Post:
      Blooded warrior Paul Ince, with his head bedecked in a bandage – if not quite possessing quite the amount of claret spilled by Terry Butcher in Stockholm in 1989 – enforcing order on a patch of green in Rome to help his country triumph in the face of adversity and clear a path to the World Cup finals of 1998.
    • 2019 September 27, “Code Vein review – it's an anime version of Dark Souls”, in Metro:
      You play as one of these Revenants, but there’s no feeding on human blood, as instead the most reliable source of claret comes from things called blood beads, which grow on plants.
    • 2020 January 2, Roxy Simons, “'How the hell am I supposed to sleep tonight, BBC?': Viewers are left terrified by first episode of Dracula with its decapitated nun and blood-thirsty babies (but some are distracted by vampire's quirky accent)”, in Daily Mail:
      He was rejuvenated within a week, thanks to a diet of fresh claret direct from the jugular, while the lawyer slept.
    • 2020 February 8, Wally Downes Jr, “KELL OF A WIN: Kell Brook enjoys triumphant return in Sheffield as he knocks out Mark DeLuca in the seventh round”, in The Sun:
      DeLuca beat the count but Brook had the stench of claret filling his nostrils and he was close to getting the finish before the bell saved the overmatched 31-year-old.


  • (wine): traditional dry red (Australia)


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claret (comparative more claret, superlative most claret)

  1. Of a deep purplish-red colour, like that of claret.
    • 2004, David Mitchell, Cloud Atlas:
      Dhondt drives a claret 1927 Bugatti Royale Type 41, a real spanker, Sixsmith.

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • claret cup
  • claret-coloured


claret (third-person singular simple present clarets, present participle clareting, simple past and past participle clareted)

  1. (intransitive, archaic) To drink claret.
    • 1814, George Gordon Byron, Baron Byron
      We clareted and champagned till two—then supped, and finished with a kind of regency punch composed of madeira, brandy, and green tea, no real water being admitted therein. There was a night for you!
    • 1869, Andrew Wynter, Subtle Brains and Lissom Fingers:
      By night, again, we miss the bright cafe, the brilliantly illuminated offices, and the fringe of guests smoking and clareting []

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  1. ^ claret” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  2. ^ claret” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.





  1. third-person singular present active subjunctive of clārō

中古英语(Middle English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • clerat, clerote, cleret


Old French claret, from Medieval Latin claratum (vinum).



claret (plural clarets)

  1. clary (Salvia sclarea)
  2. clary water




  1. (referring to wine) pink, pink-purple, light


  • English: claret


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Colors in Middle English · coloures, hewes (layout · text)
     whit      grey, hor      blak
             red; cremesyn, gernet              citrine, aumbre; broun, tawne              yelow, dorry; canevas
             grasgrene              grene             
             plunket; ewage              asure, livid              blewe, blo, pers
             violet; inde              rose, murrey; purpel, purpur              claret

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