万维词典

【contra】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: Contra, contrà, and contra-

英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

Ultimately from Latin contrā.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

contra

  1. against; contrary or opposed to; in opposition or contrast to

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

翻译(Translations)

副词(Adverb)

contra (comparative more contra, superlative most contra)

  1. contrary to something

同义词(Synonyms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

contra (plural contras)

  1. (business) A deal to swap goods or services.
  2. (politics, derogatory) A conservative; originally tied to Nicaraguan counter-revolutionaries.
  3. (accounting) An entry (or account) that cancels another entry (or account).
    a contra position; a contra entry
    The sum for each contra account is shown in the last column.
  4. (music, informal) Any of the musical instruments in the contrabass range, e.g. contrabassoon, contrabass clarinet or, especially, double bass.
  5. (dance) A contra dance.
  6. (obsolete, US, New England, dance) A country dance.
    • 2001, The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: North America. Garland Publishing. Ellen Koskoff (Ed.). Pg. 232.
      Folk histories record that contras were gradually displaced by the introduction of the quadrille and the new couple dances.

翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

contra (third-person singular simple present contras, no present participle, no simple past or past participle)

  1. (accounting) To undo; to reverse.
    to contra a position (an entry)

翻译(Translations)

变位词(Anagrams)


Asturian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin contrā.

Preposition

contra

  1. against

Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin contrā.

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

contra

  1. against
    • 2009, Jean Grave, Les Aventures d'en Nono:
      Més endavant, va parlar contra la gent sense família
      But before, he spoke against people without family

名词(Noun)

contra m (plural contres)

  1. con (disadvantage)
    Antonym: pro

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Dalmatian

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

副词(Adverb)

contra

  1. against

来源参考(References)

  • Bartoli, Matteo Giulio (1906) Il Dalmatico: Resti di un’antica lingua romanza parlata da Veglia a Ragusa e sua collocazione nella Romània appenino-balcanica, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, published 2000

Finnish

名词(Noun)

contra

  1. Contra (anti-Sandinista fighter)

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection of contra (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative contra contrat
genitive contran contrien
partitive contraa contria
illative contraan contriin
singular plural
nominative contra contrat
accusative nom. contra contrat
gen. contran
genitive contran contrien
contrainrare
partitive contraa contria
inessive contrassa contrissa
elative contrasta contrista
illative contraan contriin
adessive contralla contrilla
ablative contralta contrilta
allative contralle contrille
essive contrana contrina
translative contraksi contriksi
instructive contrin
abessive contratta contritta
comitative contrineen
Possessive forms of contra (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person contrani contramme
2nd person contrasi contranne
3rd person contransa

同义词(Synonyms)


French

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

contra

  1. third-person singular past historic of contrer

变位词(Anagrams)


Galician

词源(Etymology)

From Latin contrā.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

contra

  1. against

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • contra de
  • pola contra

名词(Noun)

contra f (plural contras)

  1. (usually in the plural) shutter

查看更多(Further reading)

来源参考(References)

  • contra” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2012.
  • contra” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2016.
  • contra” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • contra” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • contra” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈkon.tra/
  • Rhymes: -ontra
  • Hyphenation: cón‧tra

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin contrā.

副词(Adverb)

contra

派生词(Descendants)

  • Turkish: kontra

Preposition

contra

  1. Old Italian form of contro

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Inflected form of contrare

动词(Verb)

contra

  1. inflection of contrare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

变位词(Anagrams)


Ladin

词源(Etymology)

From Latin contrā.

Preposition

contra

  1. against

Latin

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Italic *komterād, abl.sg.f. of *komteros (the other of the two who meet, opposite). The abl.sg.m./n. of the same is continued in Latin contrō-, cognate to Oscan contrud. Ultimately a suffixed form of Latin cum, Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (next to, at, with, along), like intrā from in, extrā from ex, but unlike these lacking external cognates, and therefore of Italic origin.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

contrā (not comparable)

  1. against
  2. opposite to
  3. contrary to
  4. otherwise
  5. in return, back

Preposition

contrā (+ accusative)

  1. against
  2. across from, opposite

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “contrā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 132

查看更多(Further reading)

  • contra”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary[], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • contra”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • contra in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • contra in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to contradict some one: dicere contra aliquem or aliquid (not contradicere alicui)
    • it is a breach of duty to..: contra officium est c. Inf.
    • for the advantage of the state; in the interests of the state: e re publica (opp. contra rem p.)
    • a thing is illegal: aliquid contra legem est
    • to foster revolutionary projects: contra rem publicam sentire
    • to be guilty of high treason: contra rem publicam facere
    • to conspire with some one: conspirare cum aliquo (contra aliquem)
    • against all law, human and divine: contra ius fasque
  • contra in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Occitan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin contra.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

contra

  1. against

Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

From Latin contrā.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

contra

  1. against

反义词(Antonyms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • contra” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Romanian

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from French contre, Italian contra, Latin contrā. Doublet of the inherited către.

Preposition

contra

  1. against, versus

副词(Adverb)

contra

  1. against, opposed to, opposite
  2. in exchange for

Spanish

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

词源(Etymology)

Inherited from Latin contrā. Old Spanish had cuentra as well, with diphthongization of stressed Latin /ŏ/. As the word was generally atonic, the unstressed variant contra prevailed over time.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈkontɾa/, [ˈkõn̪.t̪ɾa]

Preposition

contra

  1. against, versus
    la lucha contra el prejuicio
    the fight against prejudice
    Synonym: en oposición a
    Antonym: a favor de

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

派生词(Descendants)

名词(Noun)

contra m (plural contras)

  1. con (disadvantage)
    Antonym: pro

名词(Noun)

contra f (plural contras)

  1. antidote
  2. counterpunch

副词(Adverb)

contra

  1. opposite, facing
    Synonym: en oposición a
    Antonym: a favor de

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


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