万维词典

【diaeresis】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Jump to search
See also: diæresis and diaëresis

英语(English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Late Latin diaeresis, from Ancient Greek διαίρεσις (diaíresis, division, split), from διά (diá, apart) + αἱρέω (hairéō, I take).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

diaeresis (plural diaereses)

  1. (orthography) A diacritic ( ¨ ) placed over a vowel letter (especially the second of two consecutive ones) indicating that it is sounded separately, usually forming a distinct syllable, as in the English words naïve, Noël and Brontë, the French haïr and the Dutch ruïne.
    Synonym: trema
    Coordinate term: umlaut
  2. (linguistics, prosody) Distraction; the separation of a vowel, often a diphthong, into two distinct syllables.
  3. (prosody) A natural break in rhythm when a word ends at the end of a metrical foot, in a line of verse.
  4. (linguistics, prosody) Hiatus; the occurrence of separate vowel sounds in adjacent syllables without an intervening consonant.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • The umlaut is an often visually identical diacritic which alters the sound of a single vowel (as in German schön). Properly speaking, the terms diaeresis and umlaut are not interchangeable, though speakers frequently use the term umlaut to refer to a diaeresis.

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Latin

词源(Etymology)

From the Ancient Greek δῐαίρεσῐς (diaíresis).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

diaeresis f (genitive diaeresis or diaereseōs or diaeresios); third declension

  1. (grammar) diaeresis (division of a diphthong into two vowels in consecutive syllables)
    • AD 98–138, Velius Longus (aut.), T.H.G. Keil (ed.), Liber de orthographia in Grammatici Latini VII (1880), p. 57, ll. 21–28:
      sed et quidam in hac quoque scriptione voluerunt esse differentiam, ut pluralis quidem numeri nominativus casus per a et e scriberetur, genetivus vero singularis per a et i, hoc quoque argumentantes, quod diaeresis, sive dialysis illa dicetur, a nominativo plurali non fit, sed ex singulari obliquo, cum dicitur  ‘ a u l a i   i n   m e d i o ’  et //  d i v e s   e q u u m ,   d i v e s   p i c t a i   v e s t i s   e t   a u r i ,  // item rei nostrai, faciendai, magnai.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • circa AD 384, Ser. Honoratus (aut.), G. Thilo & H. Hagen (eds.), In Vergilii Aeneidos commentarii in Servii Grammatici qui feruntur in Vergilii carmina commentarii II (1884), bk vii, l. 464 (p. 160, ll. 1–9):
      Fvrit intvs aqvai fvmidvs id est aquae amnis: nec inmerito; nam potest esse et alterius rei amnis, “ut fluvios videt ille cruoris”. Hanc autem diaeresin Tucca et Varius fecerunt: nam Vergilius sic reliquerat “furit intus aquae amnis” et “exuberat amnis”: quod satis asperum fuit. Notandum quod in toto Vergilio non reperiuntur nisi quattuor diaereses, hoc loco, et in tertio ⟨354⟩, ut “aulai medio libabant pocula Bacchi”, et in VI. ⟨747⟩ ut “aurai simplicis ignem”, et in IX. ⟨26⟩ “dives pictai vestis et auri”.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. (rhetoric) distribution
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Julius Valerius Alexander Polemius to this entry?)
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Tyrannius Rufinus to this entry?)

变化形式(Declension)

Third-declension noun (Greek-type, i-stem, i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative diaeresis diaeresēs
diaereseis
Genitive diaeresis
diaereseōs
diaeresios
diaeresium
Dative diaeresī diaeresibus
Accusative diaeresim
diaeresin
diaeresem1
diaeresēs
diaeresīs
Ablative diaeresī
diaerese1
diaeresibus
Vocative diaeresis
diaeresi
diaeresēs
diaereseis

1Found sometimes in Medieval and New Latin.

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

来源参考(References)


本页面最后更新于2021-03-14 10:13,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器