万维词典

【difficult】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Jump to search

英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English difficult (ca. 1400), a back-formation from difficultee (whence modern difficulty), from Old French difficulté, from Latin difficultas, from difficul, older form of difficilis (hard to do, difficult), from dis- + facilis (easy); see difficile. Replaced native Middle English earveþ (difficult, hard), from Old English earfoþe (difficult, laborious, full of hardship), cognate to German Arbeit (work).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɪfɪkəlt/

形容词(Adjective)

difficult (comparative difficulter or more difficult, superlative difficultest or most difficult)

  1. Hard, not easy, requiring much effort.
    However, the difficult weather conditions will ensure Yunnan has plenty of freshwater.
    • There is not the strength or courage left me to venture into the wide, strange, difficult world, alone.
    • 2008, Daniel Goleman, Destructive Emotions: A Scientific Dialogue with the Dalai Lama, →ISBN, page 199:
      In adults, the same kind of anger has been studied in people trying to solve a very difficult math problem. Though the tough math problem is very frustrating, there is an active attempt to solve the problem and meet the goal.
    • 2013 August 3, “Boundary problems”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art. Perhaps it is fitting that economists’ most-used metric, gross domestic product (GDP), is a tangle too. [] But as a foundation for analysis it is highly subjective: it rests on difficult decisions about what counts as a territory, what counts as output and how to value it. Indeed, economists are still tweaking it.
  2. (often of a person, or a horse, etc) Hard to manage, uncooperative, troublesome.
    Stop being difficult and eat your broccoli—you know it's good for you.
  3. (obsolete) Unable or unwilling.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling:
      “I hope, madam,” said Jones, “my charming Lady Bellaston will be as difficult to believe anything against one who is so sensible of the many obligations she hath conferred upon him.”

用法注意(Usage notes)

Difficult implies that considerable mental effort or physical skill is required, or that obstacles are to be overcome which call for sagacity and skill in the doer; as, a difficult task. Thus, "hard" is not always synonymous with difficult. Examples include a difficult operation in surgery and a difficult passage by an author (that is, a passage which is hard to understand).

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

difficult (third-person singular simple present difficults, present participle difficulting, simple past and past participle difficulted)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To make difficult; to impede; to perplex.
    • August 9 1678, William Temple, letter to Joseph Williamson
      their Excellencies having desisted from their pretensions , which had difficulted the peace

查看更多(Further reading)


本页面最后更新于2021-04-06 09:17,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器