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【du】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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Abinomn

名词(Noun)

du

  1. name

Aiwoo

Determiner

du

  1. all

来源参考(References)


Alemannic German

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. thou, you

变化形式(Declension)


Amanab

名词(Noun)

du

  1. a kind of bird

Bambara

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

du

  1. household

来源参考(References)


Breton

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Brythonic *duβ, from Proto-Celtic *dubus, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

du

  1. black
  2. swollen
  3. starved

Mutation

衍生词(Derived terms)

名词(Noun)

du m

  1. black

Mutation

动词(Verb)

du

Mutation

查看更多(See also)

Colors in Breton · livioù (layout · text)
     gwenn      louet      du
             ruz              orañjez, melen-ruz; gell              melen
                          gwer, glas             
                                       glas
                          glasruz              roz

Burushaski

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

du (plural duwants)

  1. yew

查看更多(See also)

  • halkaas mamushi
  • meenis

来源参考(References)

Sadaf Munshi, “Word Lists”, in Burushaski Language Documentation Project[1], 2015.


Cimbrian

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German du, from Old High German , from Proto-West Germanic *þū, from Proto-Germanic *þū. Cognate with German du, archaic English thou (modern dialectal tha).

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. (Luserna, Sette Comuni) you (thou, singular familiar)
    Bobrall du geast, gedenkhte ber du pist.Wherever you go, remember who you are.

Inflection

Sette Comuni:

Luserna:

Personal pronouns
singular plural
1st person i biar
2nd person du iar
3rd person er, si, 'z se

来源参考(References)

  • “du” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso, Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo, 1974
  • “du” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Cornish

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Brythonic *duβ, from Proto-Celtic *dubus, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [dyː]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [diˑʊ]

形容词(Adjective)

du

  1. black

Mutation

查看更多(See also)

Colors in Cornish · liwyow (layout · text)
     gwynn      loos, glas      du
             rudh; kogh              rudhvelyn; gell, gorm              melyn
                          gwyrdh, glas             
                                       glas
             glasrudh, purpur              majenta; purpur, glasrudh              gwynnrudh, kigliw

Danish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Danish thu, from Old Norse þú, from Proto-Germanic *þū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂ (you).

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

du (objective dig)

  1. thou, you (2nd person singular subject pronoun, informal)
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Danish dughæ, from Old Norse duga, from Proto-Germanic *duganą (to be useful), cognate with Swedish duga, German taugen, Gothic 𐌳𐌿𐌲𐌰𐌽 (dugan).

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

du (imperative du, present dur or duer, past duede, past participle duet)

  1. be good
  2. be fit

Inflection


Dena'ina

Particle

du

  1. interrogative particle (placed at the end of the sentence to make a question)

Dutch

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • dou (obsolete, Hollandic)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle Dutch du, from Old Dutch thū, from Proto-West Germanic *þū, from Proto-Germanic *þū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /dy/
  • Hyphenation: du
  • Rhymes: -y

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. (obsolete or dialectal) Second-person singular informal pronoun; thou
    • 1620, Jacob Cats, Velt-teycken, alle eerbare jonge lieden toegeeygent
      Sy roept, du bist een slaef, in mijne dienst gebonden
      She calls, thou art a slave, bound to my service
    • 1625, Joost van den Vondel, Wiech-liedt
      Soo leyt dyn memmetje dy in dyn wiechje te rust.
      So thy mama lays thee to rest in thy cradle.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Du was already falling out of general use in early modern Dutch. It was still relatively common in the oblique cases, in vocatives or close to vocative appositions and when indicating contempt.
  • The corresponding verbal ending was -st. The present form of zijn was bist, for hebben the present forms hebst and hest were in use. When the nominative directly followed the verb, contraction usually occurred: -stu; bistu, hebstu.

Inflection


Elfdalian

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse þú, from Proto-Germanic *þū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Cognate with Swedish du.

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. you (singular), thou

Esperanto

Esperanto numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: du
    Ordinal: dua
    Adverbial: due
    Multiplier: duobla, duopa
    Fractional: duona, duono

词源(Etymology)

From Latin duo, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /du/

数字化(Numeral)

du

  1. two (2)

衍生词(Derived terms)


French

词源(Etymology)

From Old French del.

发音(Pronunciation)

Contraction

du

  1. Contraction of de + le (of the)
  2. Contraction of de + le; forms the partitive article

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • The partitive article signifies "some", but it often is not translated in English, Dutch, or German.

Gaikundi

名词(Noun)

du

  1. man

查看更多(Further reading)


German

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German du, duo, , from Old High German (akin to Old Saxon thū and English thou), itself from Proto-West Germanic *þū, from Proto-Germanic *þū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (standard, generally) IPA(key): /duː/
  • (colloquially in unstressed position) IPA(key): /də/
  • In colloquial speech in Germany, the /d/ can be lost after a preceding coronal when du is unstressed. This can happen after the second person singular verb ending, even in purposefully enunciated speech.

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. you (thou, singular familiar)

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Du is the informal second person pronoun. In formal speech, the third person plural Sie (always capitalised) is used instead.
  • A general rule of thumb is that du is used to address one's friends, relatives, and those under about 16 years of age. Du is always used to address children and non-human beings.
  • Usage also depends on the setting: two unacquainted, middle-aged persons are likely to use du when they meet at social gatherings, but much less so when they happen on each other in the street. People under 30 often use du among each other, but they still use Sie when one of them is at work, e.g. in a shop (some cafés and most pubs are an exception).
  • There is also a great deal of (often subtle) regional variation throughout the German-speaking world.

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • du” in Duden online

Gothic

罗马化(Romanization)

du

  1. Romanization of 𐌳𐌿

Hunsrik

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German and Old High German (akin to Old Saxon thū and English thou), itself from Proto-Germanic *þū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. thou, you
    Du bist aarich scheen.
    You are so beautiful.

Inflection

查看更多(Further reading)


Ido

Ido numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: du
    Ordinal: duesma
    Adverbial: dufoye
    Multiplier: duopla
    Fractional: duima

词源(Etymology)

From Esperanto du, from French deux, Spanish dos, Italian due, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

数字化(Numeral)

du

  1. two (2)

Kalasha

词源(Etymology)

From Sanskrit द्व (dva), from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁. Compare Hindi दो (do), Bhojpuri दू (), Konkani दोन (don).

数字化(Numeral)

du

  1. two; 2

Lithuanian

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Baltic *duwō, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁. Compare Latvian divi. Cognate to Latin duo.

发音(Pronunciation)

数字化(Numeral)

Lithuanian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : du
    Ordinal : antras

 m (feminine dvì)

  1. two (2)

变化形式(Declension)


Lower Sorbian

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *jьdǫ (first-person singular) and *jьdǫtь (third-person plural), inflected forms of *jьti.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

du

  1. inflection of hyś:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. third-person plural present

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (first-person singular): źom

Luxembourgish

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *þū.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. second-person singular, informal, nominative: you, thou
    Wéi al bass du?How old are you?

变化形式(Declension)


Mandarin

罗马化(Romanization)

du

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Old Dutch thū, from Proto-West Germanic *þū, from Proto-Germanic *þū.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. thou, you (singular, informal)
    Synonym: gi

用法注意(Usage notes)

This pronoun began to be replaced by gi in formal address during the Middle Dutch period, and eventually fell out of use altogether.

Inflection

派生词(Descendants)

  • Dutch: (obsolete) du, dou, douw
  • Limburgish: doe

查看更多(Further reading)

  • “du”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[2], 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “du”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[3], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN

中古英语(Middle English)

形容词(Adjective)

du

  1. Alternative form of dewe (due)

Middle Low German

词源(Etymology)

From Old Saxon thū, from Proto-Germanic *þū.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

  1. thou, you (second person singular nominative)

变化形式(Declension)

派生词(Descendants)


Mòcheno

词源(Etymology)

From Middle High German du, from Old High German , from Proto-West Germanic *þū, from Proto-Germanic *þū. Cognate with German du, archaic English thou (modern dialectal tha).

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. you (thou, singular familiar)

Inflection

Personal pronouns
singular plural
1st person i biar
2nd person du ir
3rd person er, si, s sei

来源参考(References)


Norman

词源(Etymology)

From Latin dux, ducem.

名词(Noun)

du m

  1. duke

关联词(Related terms)

  • duchie

North Frisian

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Old Frisian dwā, from Proto-Germanic *dōną. Cognates include West Frisian dwaan, English do.

动词(Verb)

du

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) to do
  2. (Föhr-Amrum) to give

动词变化形式(Conjugation)



Northern Kurdish

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Iranian *dwáH (compare Persian دو(do), Pashto دوه(dwa), Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬎𐬀(duua)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dwáH (compare Sanskrit द्व (dvá), Marathi दोन (don), Hindi दो (do)/Urdu دو(do), Punjabi ਦੋ (do)), from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁ (compare Russian два (dva), Lithuanian du, Greek δύο (dýo), Spanish dos, English two).

数字化(Numeral)

Central Kurdish دوو()

du

  1. two (2)

Northern Sami

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈtuː/

代词(Pronoun)

  1. accusative/genitive of don

Norwegian Bokmål

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse þú, from Proto-Germanic *þū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

du (objective case deg)

  1. thou, you (second person, singular)

来源参考(References)

查看更多(See also)


Norwegian Nynorsk

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse þú, from Proto-Germanic *þū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Akin to English thou.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

du (objective case deg)

  1. you, thou (second person, singular)

来源参考(References)

查看更多(See also)


Obokuitai

名词(Noun)

du

  1. bird

查看更多(Further reading)

Bill Palmer, The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area (→ISBN, 2017), page 531, table 95, Comparative basic vocabulary in Lakes Plain Languages


Old French

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Contraction

du

  1. contraction of de + le (of the)

Old High German

one drawing of the inscription on the Bülach fibula

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *þū, from Proto-Germanic *þū, whence also Old English þū, Old Norse þú, and ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Perhaps the earliest attestation of the pronoun is the inscription on the Bülach fibula, which may show ᛞᚢ (du) already differentiated from other Germanic languages’ þu.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

  1. thou, you (second-person singular pronoun)
    • 6th-7th century, inscription on the Bülach fibula:
      ᚠᚱᛁᚠᚱᛁᛞᛁᛚ / ᛞᚢ / ...
      frifridil / du / []
      Frifridil, you / []

用法注意(Usage notes)

Some speakers of Old High German appear to have contrasted the "polite" singular (plural forms) with the regular, informal singular (singular forms), as in New High German (Modern German) Sie versus du. This distinction is however not well-attested, and may have been regional, genre-dependent, or only in Late Old High German.

Inflection

Old High German personal pronouns
Number Person Gender Nominative Genitive Dative Accusative
Singular First ih
(ihha, ihcha)
mīn mir mih
Second dīn dir dih
Third Masculine er (her) (sīn) imu, imo inan, in
Feminine siu; , si ira (iru, iro) iru, iro sia
Neuter iz es, is imu, imo iz
Plural First wir unsēr uns unsih
Second ir iuwēr iu iuwih
Third Masculine sie iro im, in sie
Feminine sio iro im, in sio
Neuter siu iro im, in siu
Polite form Second   ir iuwēr iu iuwih

派生词(Descendants)

  • Middle High German: du
    • Alemannic German: du
      Swabian: dau, d
    • Bavarian:
      Cimbrian: du
      Mòcheno: du
    • Central Franconian: du, dou
      Hunsrik: du
      Kölsch: do
    • German: du
    • Luxembourgish: du
    • Rhine Franconian:
      Palatine German: du
      Pennsylvania German: du
    • Yiddish: דו(du)

查看更多(See also)

  • fridil (a pet name for a male lover)

来源参考(References)

  • Heinz Klingenberg, Runenfibel von Bülach, Kanton Zürich. Liebesinschrift aus alemannischer Frühzeit, in the Alemannisches Jahrbuch (1973/75), page 308
  • Heinz Klingenberg, Die Runeninschrift aus Bülach, in Helvetia archaeologica, volume 7 (1976), pages 116–121
  • Stephan Opitz, Südgermanische Runeninschriften im älteren Futhark aus der Merowingerzeit (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1977)

Old Irish

Preposition

du

  1. Alternative form of do

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
du du
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndu
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Pennsylvania German

词源(Etymology)

Compare German du, English thou, Swedish du.

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. you

变化形式(Declension)


Pite Sami

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. those

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • Joshua Wilbur, A grammar of Pite Saami, Berlin: Language Science Press, 2014

Romanian

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

du

  1. second-person singular imperative of duce
    Du-te acasă.
    Go home.

Saterland Frisian

词源(Etymology)

From Old Frisian thū, from Proto-West Germanic *þū.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

du (oblique die)

  1. thou, you

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • du is at times omitted when used with a verb.

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  • du” in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch

Scots

代词(Pronoun)

du (objective case dee, vocative dee, possessive determiner dines)

  1. (Orkney, Shetland) Shetland, Orkney form of thou (thou)

Swedish

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Old Swedish þū, from Old Norse þú, from Proto-Germanic *þū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

du

  1. you (familiar sg.)
  2. thou

用法注意(Usage notes)

While du is the traditionally familiar mode of address, it is since the early '70s the standard in almost all circumstances, possibly capitalized in formal communications. This was the result of the so-called du-reformen.

Recently, use of the second-person plural pronoun ni as a less familiar (and thus more formal) pronoun has appeared to some extent, but mainly amongst shopkeepers towards the customers.

The same pronoun ni has also been used historically as a formal way of address, but its use has (in particular in Sweden, not so much in Swedish-speaking parts of Finland) been restricted to addressing people of lower social status, whereby a plethora of different constructions were employed as to avoid the issue of pronouns whatsoever. See also the article about T-V distinction in Wikipedia.

变化形式(Declension)

变位词(Anagrams)


Venetian

词源(Etymology)

Compare Italian due

数字化(Numeral)

du m

  1. two

同义词(Synonyms)


Vietnamese

发音(Pronunciation)

词源(Etymology)

Sino-Vietnamese word from /.

动词(Verb)

du

  1. (only in compounds) to walk

衍生词(Derived terms)

Derived terms

Welsh

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Brythonic *duβ, from Proto-Celtic *dubus, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

du (feminine singular du, plural duon, equative dued, comparative duach, superlative duaf)

  1. black
    Mae ganddo fo fwstash du.
    He has a black mustache

关联词(Related terms)

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
du ddu nu unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

查看更多(See also)

Colors in Welsh · lliwiau (layout · text)
     gwyn      llwyd      du
             coch; rhudd              oren, melyngoch; brown              melyn; melynwyn
             gwyrdd leim              gwyrdd             
             gwyrddlas; glaswyrdd              asur, gwynlas              glas
             fioled; indigo              majenta; porffor              pinc

White Hmong

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

du

  1. smooth

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