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【got】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

got

  1. simple past tense of get
    We got the last bus home.
  2. (Britain, Australia, New Zealand) past participle of get
    By that time we'd got very cold.
    I've got two children.
    How many children have you got?
  3. Expressing obligation.
    I can't go out tonight, I've got to study for my exams.
  4. (Southern US, with to) Must; have (to).
    I got to go study.
    • 1971, Carole King; Gerry Goffin (lyrics and music), “Smackwater Jack”, in Tapestry, Ode Records:
      We got to ride to clean up the streets / For our wives and our daughters!
  5. (Southern US, nonstandard) Have.
    They got a new car.
    He got a lot of nerve.
  6. (Southern US, African-American Vernacular, euphemistic, slang) To be murdered or seriously injured.
    He got got.
  7. (Singapore, colloquial) Have, there is.
    Got problem ah?

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • (past participle of get): The second sentence literally means "At some time in the past I got (obtained) two children", but in "have got" constructions like this, where "got" is used in the sense of "obtained", the sense of obtaining is lost, becoming merely one of possessing, and the sentence is in effect just a more colloquial way of saying "I have two children". Similarly, the third sentence is just a more colloquial way of saying "How many children do you have?"
  • (past participle of get): The American and archaic British usage of the verb conjugates as get-got-gotten or as get-got-got depending on the meaning (see Usage Notes on "get" for details), whereas the modern British usage of the verb has mostly lost this distinction and conjugates as get-got-got in most cases.
  • (expressing obligation): "Got" is a filler word here with no obvious grammatical or semantic function. "I have to study for my exams" has the same meaning. It is often stressed in speech: "You've just got to see this."
  • (have): In nonstandard speech the verb may be reinterpreted as a regular present tense, so that the form gots appears in the third-person singular present, e.g. She gots a red bike.

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (must, have (to)): gotta (informal)

变位词(Anagrams)


Catalan

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Vulgar Latin *gottus, from Latin guttus.

名词(Noun)

got m (plural gots)

  1. glass (drinking glass)
同义词(Synonyms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin Gothus.

名词(Noun)

got m (plural gots, feminine goda)

  1. Goth
衍生词(Derived terms)

Finnish

名词(Noun)

got

  1. nominative plural of go

German Low German

形容词(Adjective)

got (comparative bȩter or bäter)

  1. Alternative spelling of goot

查看更多(See also)


Indonesian

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

词源(Etymology)

From Dutch goot (gutter), from Middle Dutch gōte, from Old Dutch *gota, from Proto-Germanic *gutō.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡɔt]
  • Hyphenation: got

名词(Noun)

got (plural, first-person possessive gotku, second-person possessive gotmu, third-person possessive gotnya)

  1. gutter, a prepared channel in a surface, especially at the side of a road adjacent to a curb, intended for the drainage of water.
    Synonym: selokan

查看更多(Further reading)


Middle Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Old Dutch got, from Proto-West Germanic *god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą.

名词(Noun)

got m

  1. god
  2. the Christian God

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Dutch: god, God
  • Limburgish: gód, Gód

查看更多(Further reading)

  • “got”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[1], 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “god”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[2], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page god

中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

名词(Noun)

got

  1. Alternative form of goot

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

got

  1. Alternative form of gutte

Middle Low German

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Saxon gōd, from Proto-West Germanic *gōd, from Proto-Germanic *gōdaz.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

gôt (comparative bēter, superlative best)

  1. good
变化形式(Declension)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Low German: god

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Saxon god, from Proto-West Germanic *god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

got m (genitive godes or gades, plural gode or gade)

  1. god

Old Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰutós.

名词(Noun)

got m

  1. god

Inflection

派生词(Descendants)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • “got”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek[3], 2012

Old High German

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *god, from Proto-Germanic *gudą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰutós.

Compare Old Saxon, Old Frisian, and Old English god, Old Dutch got, Old Norse guð, Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌸 (guþ).

名词(Noun)

got m

  1. god

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)


Romanian

词源(Etymology)

From French Goth, from Latin Gothus.

名词(Noun)

got m (plural goți)

  1. Goth

变化形式(Declension)


Welsh

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

got

  1. Soft mutation of cot.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cot got nghot chot
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Zhuang

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Tai *koːtᴰ (to hug; to embrace). Cogante with Thai กอด (gɔ̀ɔt), Lao ກອດ (kǭt), Shan ၵွတ်ႇ (kòat).

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

got (old orthography got)

  1. to hug; to embrace.

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