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【grain】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: gráin, gràin, gräin, and Grain

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia Wikipedia
Mixed grain—the harvested seeds
A close-up of wood grain—texture of material

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ɡɹeɪn/
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English greyn, grayn, grein, borrowed from Old French grain, grein, from Latin grānum (seed), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm (grain). Compare English corn. Doublet of gram.

名词(Noun)

grain (countable and uncountable, plural grains)

  1. (uncountable) The harvested seeds of various grass food crops eg: wheat, corn, barley.
    We stored a thousand tons of grain for the winter.
  2. (uncountable) Similar seeds from any food crop, e.g., buckwheat, amaranth, quinoa.
  3. (countable) A single seed of grass food crops.
    a grain of wheat
    grains of oat
  4. (countable, uncountable) The crops from which grain is harvested.
    The fields were planted with grain.
  5. (uncountable) A linear texture of a material or surface.
    Cut along the grain of the wood.
    He doesn't like to shave against the grain.
  6. (countable) A single particle of a substance.
    a grain of sand
    a grain of salt
  7. (countable) A very small unit of weight, in England equal to 1480 of an ounce troy, 0.0648 grams or, to be more exact, 64.79891 milligrams (0.002285714 avoirdupois ounce). A carat grain or pearl grain is 14 carat or 50 milligrams. The old French grain was 19216 livre or 53.11 milligrams, and in the mesures usuelles permitted from 1812 to 1839, with the livre redefined as 500 grams, it was 54.25 milligrams.
  8. (countable) A former unit of gold purity, also known as carat grain, equal to 14 "carat" (karat).
  9. (materials) A region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction.
  10. A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes; hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson, scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent to Tyrian purple.
    • 1645, John Milton, “Penseroso”, in Poems of Mr. John Milton, [] , London: Printed by Ruth Raworth for Humphrey Moſely, [], OCLC 606951673:
      all in a robe of darkest grain
    • (Can we date this quote?), Quoted by Coleridge, preface to Aids to Reflection
      [] doing as the dyers do, who, having first dipped their silks in colours of less value, then give them the last tincture of crimson in grain.
  11. The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on that side.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  12. (in the plural) The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called draff.
  13. (botany) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in the common dock.
  14. Temper; natural disposition; inclination.
    • 1630, John Hayward, The Life and Raigne of King Edward VI
      brothers [] not united in grain
  15. (photography, videography) Visual texture in processed photographic film due to the presence of small particles of a metallic silver, or dye clouds, developed from silver halide that have received enough photons.
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
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动词(Verb)

grain (third-person singular simple present grains, present participle graining, simple past and past participle grained)

  1. To feed grain to.
  2. (transitive) To make granular; to form into grains.
  3. (intransitive) To form grains, or to assume a granular form, as the result of crystallization; to granulate.
  4. To texture a surface in imitation of the grain of a substance such as wood.
  5. (tanning) To remove the hair or fat from a skin.
  6. (tanning) To soften leather.
  7. To yield fruit.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gower to this entry?)
翻译(Translations)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English grayn, from Old Norse grein.

名词(Noun)

grain (plural grains)

  1. A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of G. Douglas to this entry?)
  2. A tine, prong, or fork.
    1. One of the branches of a valley or river.
    2. An iron fish spear or harpoon, with a number of points half-barbed inwardly.
      • 1770: Served 5 lb of fish per man which was caught by striking with grains — journal of Stephen Forwood (gunner on H.M. Bark Endeavour), 4 May 1770, quoted by Parkin (page 195).
    3. A blade of a sword, knife, etc.
  3. (founding) A thin piece of metal, used in a mould to steady a core.

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变位词(Anagrams)


French

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle French, from Old French grain, grein, from Latin grānum, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥h₂nóm.

名词(Noun)

grain m (plural grains)

  1. grain
  2. (figurative) a small amount, a bit
衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

名词(Noun)

grain m (plural grains)

  1. (nautical) squall, thunderstorm

变位词(Anagrams)

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中古英语(Middle English)

动词(Verb)

grain

  1. Alternative form of greynen

Old French

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Latin grānum.

名词(Noun)

grain m (oblique plural grainz, nominative singular grainz, nominative plural grain)

  1. grain (edible part of a cereal plant)
    • circa 1120, Philippe de Taon, Bestiaire, line 421:
      E quant grain ad truved de tuz maneres de bled
      When it [the ant] found grain of all manners of wheat

关联词(Related terms)

派生词(Descendants)


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