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【house】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: House

英语(English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English hous, hus, from Old English hūs (dwelling, shelter, house), from Proto-Germanic *hūsą (compare Scots hoose, West Frisian hûs, Dutch huis, Low German Huus, German Haus, Danish hus, Norwegian Bokmål hus and Swedish hus), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kews-, from *(s)kew- (to cover, hide). Compare also Northern Luri هۏش(höš, house, home). Eclipsed non-native Middle English meson, measoun (house), borrowed from Old French maison (house). More at hose.

The uncommon plural form housen is from Middle English husen, housen. (The Old English nominative plural was simply hūs.)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • howse (obsolete)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: hous, IPA(key): /haʊs/
  • (Canada, Virginia) IPA(key): /hʌʊs/
  • Rhymes: -aʊs

名词(Noun)

The house of a Japanese rice farmer
A city-house. In this photo, its garden doesn't appear

house (countable and uncountable, plural houses or (dialectal) housen or (chiefly humorous) hice)

  1. A structure built or serving as an abode of human beings. [from 9th c.]
    This is my house and my family's ancestral home.
    • 1909, Archibald Marshall [pseudonym; Arthur Hammond Marshall], chapter III, in The Squire’s Daughter, New York, N.Y.: Dodd, Mead and Company, published 1919, OCLC 491297620:
      The big houses, and there are a good many of them, lie for the most part in what may be called by courtesy the valleys. You catch a glimpse of them sometimes at a little distance from the [railway] line, which seems to have shown some ingenuity in avoiding them,[].
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path []. It twisted and turned, [] and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn. And, back of the lawn, was a big, old-fashioned house, with piazzas stretching in front of it, and all blazing with lights. 'Twas the house I'd seen the roof of from the beach.
    • 2007 November 6, “When Will the Slump End?”, in Newsweek:
      Those homeowners who bought too much house, or borrowed against inflated values are now going to be liable for their own poor decisions.
  2. The people who live in a house; a household. [from 9th c.]
  3. A building used for something other than a residence (typically with qualifying word). [from 10th c.]
    The former carriage house had been made over into a guest house.
    On arriving at the zoo, we immediately headed for the monkey house.
    1. A place of business; a company or organisation, especially a printing press, a publishing company, or a couturier. [from 10th c.]
      A small publishing house would have a contract with an independent fulfillment house.
    2. A place of public accommodation or entertainment, especially a public house, an inn, a restaurant, a theatre, or a casino; or the management thereof.[from 10th c.]
      One more, sir, then I'll have to stop serving you – rules of the house, I'm afraid.
      The house always wins.
    3. (historical) A workhouse.
      • 1834, Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons, Reports from the Commissioners (volume 29, page 169)
        To this the pauper replied that he did not want that, and that rather than be sent to the house he would look out for work.
  4. The audience for a live theatrical or similar performance. [from 10th c.]
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 2, in The Affair at the Novelty Theatre[1]:
      Miss Phyllis Morgan, as the hapless heroine dressed in the shabbiest of clothes, appears in the midst of a gay and giddy throng; she apostrophises all and sundry there, including the villain, and has a magnificent scene which always brings down the house, and nightly adds to her histrionic laurels.
  5. A theatre.
    After her swan-song, there wasn't a dry eye in the house.
  6. (politics) A building where a deliberative assembly meets; whence the assembly itself, particularly a component of a legislature. [from 10th c.]
    The petition was so ridiculous that the house rejected it after minimal debate.
  7. A dynasty; a family with its ancestors and descendants, especially a royal or noble one. [from 10th c.]
    A curse lay upon the House of Atreus.
  8. (figuratively) A place of rest or repose. [from 9th c.]
  9. A grouping of schoolchildren for the purposes of competition in sports and other activities. [from 19th c.]
    I was a member of Spenser house when I was at school.
  10. An animal's shelter or den, or the shell of an animal such as a snail, used for protection. [from 10th c.]
  11. (astrology) One of the twelve divisions of an astrological chart. [from 14th c.]
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, p.313:
      Since there was a limited number of planets, houses and signs of the zodiac, the astrologers tended to reduce human potentialities to a set of fixed types and to postulate only a limited number of possible variations.
  12. (cartomancy) The fourth Lenormand card.
  13. (chess, now rare) A square on a chessboard, regarded as the proper place of a piece. [from 16th c.]
  14. (curling) The four concentric circles where points are scored on the ice. [from 19th c.]
  15. Lotto; bingo. [from 20th c.]
  16. (uncountable) A children's game in which the players pretend to be members of a household.
    As the babysitter, Emma always acted as the mother whenever the kids demanded to play house.
  17. (US, dialect) A small stand of trees in a swamp.
  18. (sudoku) A set of cells in a Sudoku puzzle which must contain each digit exactly once, such as a row, column, or 3×3 box in classic Sudoku.
同义词(Synonyms)
  • (establishment): shop
  • (company or organisation): shop
Hypernyms
下义词(Hyponyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Nigerian Pidgin: haus
  • Tok Pisin: haus
  • Sranan Tongo: oso
翻译(Translations)

See house/translations § Noun.

查看更多(Further reading)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English housen, from Old English hūsian, from Proto-Germanic *hūsōną (to house, live, dwell), from the noun (see above). Compare Dutch huizen (to live, dwell, reside), German Low German husen (to live, dwell, reside), German hausen (to live, dwell, reside), Norwegian Nynorsk husa (to house), Faroese húsa (to house), Icelandic húsa (to shelter, house).

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

house (third-person singular simple present houses, present participle housing, simple past and past participle housed)

  1. (transitive) To keep within a structure or container.
    The car is housed in the garage.
    • 1669, John Evelyn, “Kalendarium Hortense: Or The Gard’ners Almanac; [] [November.]”, in Sylva, or A Discourse of Forest-trees and the Propagation of Timber in His Majesties Dominions.[], 3rd edition, London: [] Jo[hn] Martyn, and Ja[mes] Allestry, printers to the Royal Society, OCLC 988700438, page 29:
      Houſe your choiceſt Carnations, or rather ſet them under a Pent-houſe againſt a South-wall, ſo as a covering being thrown over them to preſerve them in extremity of weather, they may yet enjoy the freer air at all other times.
    • 1961 November, “Talking of Trains: The North Eastern's new rail-mounted piling unit”, in Trains Illustrated, page 646:
      Now, covered concrete troughs to house the cables are laid parallel with the railway lines, cheapening maintenance because of improved accessibility for inspection and repair.
  2. (transitive) To admit to residence; to harbor.
  3. To take shelter or lodging; to abide; to lodge.
  4. (transitive, astrology) To dwell within one of the twelve astrological houses.
  5. (transitive) To contain or cover mechanical parts.
  6. (obsolete) To drive to a shelter.
  7. (obsolete) To deposit and cover, as in the grave.
    • 1636, George Sandys, Paraphrase upon the Psalms and Hymns dispersed throughout the Old and New Testaments
      Oh! can your counsel his despair defer , Who now is housed in his sepulchre
  8. (nautical) To stow in a safe place; to take down and make safe.
    to house the upper spars
  9. (Canada, US, slang, transitive) To eat.
    • 2019, Joe Lawson, Shameless (series 10, episode 4, "A Little Gallagher Goes a Long Way")
      All you wanna do is drink a fifth, house a lasagna, and hide in a dumpster until that baby stops crying.
同义词(Synonyms)
翻译(Translations)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Probably from The Warehouse, a nightclub in Chicago, Illinois, USA, where the music became popular around 1985.

名词(Noun)

house (uncountable)

  1. (music) House music.
    • 1998, Colin Larkin, The Virgin Encyclopedia of Dance Music, London: Virgin Books, →ISBN, page 73:
      [] their music is influenced as much by Roxy Music and the Ramones as it is by house and techno pioneers.
    • 2001 March, Philip Sherburne, “Exos, Strength [album review]”, in CMJ New Music Monthly, number 91, Great Neck, N.Y.: College Media, ISSN 1074-6978, page 66:
      And while hard, minimal techno has become increasingly influenced by house and Oval-esque "glitch" stylistics, Exos keeps it old school on Strength, infusing his own style with the force of hard techno purists Surgeon and Oliver Ho.
    • 2006, Mark Jonathan Butler, Unlocking the Groove: Rhythm, Meter, and Musical Design in Electronic Dance Music, Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, →ISBN, page 45:
      The first genre of American dance music to become popular in the United Kingdom was Chicago house. Although music from Detroit was soon imported as well, it was often treated as subcategory of house, and for many years the most common English term for electronic dance music in general was "house" or "acid house". [] During the formative years of techno and house, the musicians involved interacted in various ways.
翻译(Translations)

Czech

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

名词(Noun)

house n

  1. gosling

变化形式(Declension)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

house m anim

  1. house music, house

查看更多(Further reading)

  • house in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • house in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

house m (uncountable)

  1. house music, house

Finnish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑu̯s/, [ˈhɑu̯s̠]
  • Syllabification: hou‧se

名词(Noun)

house (uncountable)

  1. (music) house music, house

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection of house (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative house
genitive housen
partitive housea
illative houseen
singular plural
nominative house
accusative nom. house
gen. housen
genitive housen
partitive housea
inessive housessa
elative housesta
illative houseen
adessive housella
ablative houselta
allative houselle
essive housena
translative houseksi
instructive
abessive housetta
comitative
Possessive forms of house (type nalle)
possessor singular plural
1st person houseni housemme
2nd person housesi housenne
3rd person housensa

French

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

house f (uncountable)

  1. house music, house (genre of music)

同义词(Synonyms)

变位词(Anagrams)


Hungarian

词源(Etymology)

From English house.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

house (plural house-ok)

  1. (music) house, house music (type of electronic dance music with an uptempo beat and recurring kickdrum)

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative house house-ok
accusative house-t house-okat
dative house-nak house-oknak
instrumental house-zal house-okkal
causal-final house-ért house-okért
translative house-zá house-okká
terminative house-ig house-okig
essive-formal house-ként house-okként
essive-modal
inessive house-ban house-okban
superessive house-on house-okon
adessive house-nál house-oknál
illative house-ba house-okba
sublative house-ra house-okra
allative house-hoz house-okhoz
elative house-ból house-okból
delative house-ról house-okról
ablative house-tól house-októl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
house-é house-oké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
house-éi house-okéi
Possessive forms of house
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. house-om house-aim
2nd person sing. house-od house-aid
3rd person sing. house-a house-ai
1st person plural house-unk house-aink
2nd person plural house-otok house-aitok
3rd person plural house-uk house-aik

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • house-parti
  • house-zene

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Laczkó, Krisztina and Attila Mártonfi. Helyesírás (’Orthography’). Budapest: Osiris Kiadó, 2006. →ISBN

中古英语(Middle English)

名词(Noun)

house

  1. Alternative form of hous

Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

词源(Etymology)

From English house, house music

名词(Noun)

house m (indeclinable) (uncountable)

  1. house music, house

同义词(Synonyms)

  • housemusikk

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Nynorsk

名词(Noun)

house m

  1. house music, house

Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

词源(Etymology)

From English house music.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

house m inan

  1. house, house music
变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • (adjectives) house'owy, housowy

查看更多(Further reading)

  • house in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • house in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

From English house music

名词(Noun)

house m

  1. house music, house
    Synonym: música house

Spanish

词源(Etymology)

From English house music.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈxaus/, [ˈxau̯s]

名词(Noun)

house m (uncountable)

  1. house music, house

Swedish

词源(Etymology)

From English house music

名词(Noun)

house c

  1. house music, house

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of house 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative house housen
Genitive houses housens

同义词(Synonyms)

  • housemusik, house-musik

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