万维词典

【laryngeal】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

英语(English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

Derived from New Latin laryngeus, from Ancient Greek λᾰ́ρυγγος (lárungos), genitive of λᾰ́ρυγξ (lárunx).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ləˈɹɪn.dʒi.əl/, /læɹˈɪn.dʒəl/, /ˌlæɹ.ɪnˈdʒiː.əl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ləˈɹɪn.dʒ(i.)əl/, /ˌlæɹ.ɪnˈdʒiː.əl/
  • Rhymes: -ɪndʒiəl, -iːəl

形容词(Adjective)

laryngeal (comparative more laryngeal, superlative most laryngeal)

  1. Of or pertaining to a larynx or larynges.
    • 1871, Journal of Psychological Medicine (volume 5, page 83)
      At sight of it there commenced a series of laryngeal spasms, with clutchings at his throat, far more violent than any I had heretofore seen.

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

laryngeal (plural laryngeals)

  1. (phonetics) A sound uttered by using the larynx.
  2. (Indo-European linguistics) In Proto-Indo-European, one of the typically three reconstructed consonants usually marked as <h₁>, <h₂> and <h₃>.
    • 1940, J. Alexander Kerns; Benjamin Schwartz, “The Laryngeal Hypothesis and Indo-Hittite, Indo-European Vocalism”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society[1], volume 60, number 2, DOI:10.2307/594006, page 183:
      The vowel-coloring effects of the IH laryngeals cannot be considered apart from the vowel-reducing effect of the IH stress accent []
    • 1995, Andrew L Sihler, New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin[2], New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page viii:
      [] it is not only different from Buck's in the linguistics (laryngeals have seen to that); it is very different in scope and aim.
    • 2006, Donald Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[3], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 15:
      Finally, it should be noted that laryngeals not adjacent to syllabics were apparently deleted by three different rules.

用法注意(Usage notes)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

The term laryngeal in Indo-European studies is but an anachronistic misnomer, retained only because it has been established as a standard term for those three phonemes. The exact phonetic value of Proto-Indo-European laryngeals is unknown, but it's generally agreed that not all of them were real laryngeals.

翻译(Translations)


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