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【lemma】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Lemma

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (UK, US) enPR: lĕm'ə, IPA(key): /ˈlɛmə/
  • Rhymes: -ɛmə
  • Hyphenation: lem‧ma

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

名词(Noun)

lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata)

  1. (mathematics) A proposition proved or accepted for immediate use in the proof of some other proposition.
  2. (linguistics, lexicography) The canonical form of an inflected word; i.e., the form usually found as the headword in a dictionary, such as the nominative singular of a noun, the bare infinitive of a verb, etc.
  3. (psycholinguistics) The theoretical abstract conceptual form of a word, representing a specific meaning, before the creation of a specific phonological form as the sounds of a lexeme, which may find representation in a specific written form as a dictionary or lexicographic word.
同义词(Synonyms)
  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): citation form
反义词(Antonyms)
  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): non-lemma
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From the Ancient Greek λέμμα (lémma), from λέπω (lépō, I peel).

名词(Noun)

lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata)

  1. (botany) The outer shell of a fruit or similar body.
  2. (botany) One of the specialized bracts around the floret in grasses.
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

查看更多(Further reading)

Sister projects

变位词(Anagrams)


Czech

词源(Etymology)

Ultimately from Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛma]
  • Hyphenation: le‧m‧ma

名词(Noun)

lemma n

  1. (mathematics) lemma
  2. (linguistics) lemma (the canonical form of an inflected word)

变化形式(Declension)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • lemma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lemma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Latin lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɛ.maː/
  • Hyphenation: lem‧ma
  • Rhymes: -ɛmaː

名词(Noun)

lemma n (plural lemma's or lemmata, diminutive lemmaatje n)

  1. (mathematics) lemma (proved or accepted proposition used in a proof)
  2. (linguistics) lemma (the canonical form of an inflected word, dictionary form)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Finnish

词源(Etymology)

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈlemːɑ/, [ˈle̞mːɑ]
  • Rhymes: -emːɑ
  • Syllabification: lem‧ma

名词(Noun)

lemma

  1. (linguistics) lemma
  2. (mathematics) lemma

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection of lemma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative lemma lemmat
genitive lemman lemmojen
partitive lemmaa lemmoja
illative lemmaan lemmoihin
singular plural
nominative lemma lemmat
accusative nom. lemma lemmat
gen. lemman
genitive lemman lemmojen
lemmainrare
partitive lemmaa lemmoja
inessive lemmassa lemmoissa
elative lemmasta lemmoista
illative lemmaan lemmoihin
adessive lemmalla lemmoilla
ablative lemmalta lemmoilta
allative lemmalle lemmoille
essive lemmana lemmoina
translative lemmaksi lemmoiksi
instructive lemmoin
abessive lemmatta lemmoitta
comitative lemmoineen
Possessive forms of lemma (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person lemmani lemmamme
2nd person lemmasi lemmanne
3rd person lemmansa

同义词(Synonyms)


Italian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɛmːa/
  • Hyphenation: lem‧ma

名词(Noun)

lemma m (plural lemmi)

  1. (mathematics, linguistics, lexicography) lemma
  2. entry (in a dictionary)

关联词(Related terms)

来源参考(References)

  • lemma” in Il Sabatini Coletti: Dizionario della Lingua Italiana (© 2011)
  • lemma1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

变位词(Anagrams)


Latin

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

lēmma n (genitive lēmmatis); third declension

  1. (literally) A subject for consideration or explanation, a theme, matter, subject, contents.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Pliny the Younger to this entry?)
  2. (transferred senses):
    1. the title of an epigram (because it indicates the subject)
    2. the epigram itself
    3. story, tale
    4. the assumption or lemma of a syllogism
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Aulus Gellius to this entry?)
变化形式(Declension)

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lēmma lēmmata
Genitive lēmmatis lēmmatum
Dative lēmmatī lēmmatibus
Accusative lēmma lēmmata
Ablative lēmmate lēmmatibus
Vocative lēmma lēmmata
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • nūtrīcis lēmmata
派生词(Descendants)
  • Dutch: lemma
  • English: lemma
  • French: lemme
  • German: Lemma
  • Italian: lemma
  • Spanish: lema

来源参考(References)

  • lemma in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • lemma in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934, page 898/2
  • lemma” on page 1,015/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Probably a scribal error: nim.

名词(Noun)

lemma f (genitive lemmae); first declension

  1. medieval spelling of lemnia [8th C.]
变化形式(Declension)

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lemma lemmae
Genitive lemmae lemmārum
Dative lemmae lemmīs
Accusative lemmam lemmās
Ablative lemmā lemmīs
Vocative lemma lemmae

来源参考(References)


Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

词源(Etymology)

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

lemma f

  1. (linguistics, lexicography) lemma

变化形式(Declension)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • lemma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

名词(Noun)

lemma n

  1. lemma[1] (the canonical form of an inflected word, a headword in a dictionary)
  2. (mathematics) lemma (a proposition)

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of lemma 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lemma lemmat lemman lemmana
Genitive lemmas lemmats lemmans lemmanas

同义词(Synonyms)

关联词(Related terms)

  • lemmabestånd
  • lemmalakun
  • lemmalista
  • lemmaordbok
  • lemmaselektion
  • lemmatecken
  • lemmatisera
  • lemmatiserad
  • lemmatisering
  • lemmatisk

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Nordisk leksikografisk ordbok (1997) →ISBN

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