万维词典

【limit】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: Limit and límit

英语(English)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɪmɪt/
  • (India) IPA(key): /ˈlɪmɪt/, /ˈlɪmt/
  • Rhymes: -ɪmɪt

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English limit, from Old French limit, from Latin līmes (a cross-path or balk between fields, hence a boundary, boundary line or wall, any path or road, border, limit).

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

名词(Noun)

limit (plural limits)

  1. A restriction; a bound beyond which one may not go.
    There are several existing limits to executive power.
    Two drinks is my limit tonight.
    • 1839, Charles Dickens, Nicholas Nickleby, chapter 21:
      It is the conductor which communicates to the inhabitants of regions beyond its limit []
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses, episode 17:
      Ever he would wander, selfcompelled, to the extreme limit of his cometary orbit, beyond the fixed stars and variable suns and telescopic planets, astronomical waifs and strays, to the extreme boundary of space []
    • 2012 March 6, Dan McCrum, Nicole Bullock and Guy Chazan, Financial Times, “Utility buyout loses power in shale gas revolution”:
      At the time, there seemed to be no limit to the size of ever-larger private equity deals, with banks falling over each other to arrange financing on generous terms and to invest money from their own private equity arms.
  2. (mathematics) A value to which a sequence converges. Equivalently, the common value of the upper limit and the lower limit of a sequence: if the upper and lower limits are different, then the sequence has no limit (i.e., does not converge).
    The sequence of reciprocals has zero as its limit.
  3. (mathematics) Any of several abstractions of this concept of limit.
    Category theory defines a very general concept of limit.
  4. (category theory) The cone of a diagram through which any other cone of that same diagram can factor uniquely.
    Synonyms: inverse limit, projective limit
    Hyponyms: terminal object, categorical product, pullback, equalizer, identity morphism
  5. (poker) Fixed limit.
  6. The final, utmost, or furthest point; the border or edge.
    the limit of a walk, of a town, or of a country
  7. (obsolete) The space or thing defined by limits.
  8. (obsolete) That which terminates a period of time; hence, the period itself; the full time or extent.
  9. (obsolete) A restriction; a check or curb; a hindrance.
  10. (logic, metaphysics) A determining feature; a distinguishing characteristic.
  11. (cycling) The first group of riders to depart in a handicap race.
  12. (colloquial, as "the limit") A person who is exasperating, intolerable, astounding, etc.
    • 1932, Delos W. Lovelace, King Kong, published 1965, page 63:
      Englehorn looked at his employer in incredulous admiration. ‘You’re the limit,’ he declared.
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • German: Limit
翻译(Translations)

形容词(Adjective)

limit (not comparable)

  1. (poker) Being a fixed limit game.

查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English limiten, from Old French limiter, from Latin līmitō (to bound, limit, fix, determine), from līmes; see noun.

动词(Verb)

limit (third-person singular simple present limits, present participle limiting, simple past and past participle limited)

  1. (transitive) To restrict; not to allow to go beyond a certain bound, to set boundaries.
    We need to limit the power of the executive.
    I'm limiting myself to two drinks tonight.
    • 2013 August 10, “Can China clean up fast enough?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      [The Chinese government] has jailed environmental activists and is planning to limit the power of judicial oversight by handing a state-approved body a monopoly over bringing environmental lawsuits.
  2. (mathematics, intransitive) To have a limit in a particular set.
    The sequence limits on the point a.
  3. (obsolete) To beg, or to exercise functions, within a certain limited region.
    a limiting friar
同义词(Synonyms)
翻译(Translations)

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Czech

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

limit m

  1. limit

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • limit in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • limit in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Hungarian

词源(Etymology)

From English limit.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ˈlimit]
  • Hyphenation: li‧mit
  • Rhymes: -it

名词(Noun)

limit (plural limitek)

  1. limit (the final, utmost, or furthest point)

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative limit limitek
accusative limitet limiteket
dative limitnek limiteknek
instrumental limittel limitekkel
causal-final limitért limitekért
translative limitté limitekké
terminative limitig limitekig
essive-formal limitként limitekként
essive-modal
inessive limitben limitekben
superessive limiten limiteken
adessive limitnél limiteknél
illative limitbe limitekbe
sublative limitre limitekre
allative limithez limitekhez
elative limitből limitekből
delative limitről limitekről
ablative limittől limitektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
limité limiteké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
limitéi limitekéi
Possessive forms of limit
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. limitem limitjeim
2nd person sing. limited limitjeid
3rd person sing. limitje limitjei
1st person plural limitünk limitjeink
2nd person plural limitetek limitjeitek
3rd person plural limitjük limitjeik

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Polish

词源(Etymology)

From French limite, from Old French limit, from Latin līmes.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈlʲi.mʲit/

名词(Noun)

limit m inan

  1. limit (restriction; bound beyond which one may not go)

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • (verb) limitować
  • (adjective) limitowy

查看更多(Further reading)

  • limit in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • limit in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian

词源(Etymology)

From German Limit.

名词(Noun)

lìmit m (Cyrillic spelling лѝмит)

  1. boundary
  2. boundary that cannot be surpassed

变化形式(Declension)


Tagalog

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

limit

  1. frequency
  2. closeness; compactness; density

同义词(Synonyms)

  • kalimitan

衍生词(Derived terms)


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