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【listen】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Listen

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • lisen (obsolete)
  • lis'en (informal)
  • lissen (informal)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English listenen, listnen, alteration (due to Middle English listen (to listen, give heed to)) of Old English hlysnan (to listen), from Proto-Germanic *hlusnijaną, *hlusnōną (compare Middle High German lüsenen), from Proto-Germanic *hlusēną (compare Old High German hlosēn), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew- (to hear) (compare Ancient Greek κλαίω (klaíō, I make known, famous), Welsh clywed (to hear), Latin clueō (I am famous), Lithuanian klausýti, Old Church Slavonic слѹшати (slušati, to hear), Sanskrit श्रोषति (śróṣati). Related to loud and German lauschen.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: lĭs'ən, lĭs'n, IPA(key): /ˈlɪs.ən/, [ˈlɪs.n̩]
  • Rhymes: -ɪsən
  • Hyphenation: lis‧ten

动词(Verb)

listen (third-person singular simple present listens, present participle listening, simple past and past participle listened)

  1. (intransitive) To pay attention to a sound or speech.
    Please listen carefully as I explain.  I like to listen to music.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, in A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      He read the letter aloud. Sophia listened with the studied air of one for whom, even in these days, a title possessed some surreptitious allurement.
  2. (intransitive) To expect or wait for a sound, such as a signal.
    You should listen for the starting gun.
    • 1906, Stanley J[ohn] Weyman, chapter I, in Chippinge Borough, New York, N.Y.: McClure, Phillips & Co., OCLC 580270828, page 01:
      It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street.[]. He halted opposite the Privy Gardens, and, with his face turned skywards, listened until the sound of the Tower guns smote again on the ear and dispelled his doubts.
    • 1912 January, Zane Grey, chapter 4, in Riders of the Purple Sage: A Novel, New York, N.Y.; London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, OCLC 6868219:
      He reined Wrangle to a walk, halted now and then to listen, and then proceeded cautiously with shifting and alert gaze.
  3. (intransitive) To accept advice or obey instruction; to agree or assent.
    Listen, the only reason I yelled at you was because I was upset, OK?  Good children listen to their parents.
  4. (transitive, archaic) To hear (something or someone), to pay attention to.

用法注意(Usage notes)

In English, listen and hear are two primary verbs relating to audial perception. To hear represents automatic, unconscious, or passive perception of sound, while listen generally represents intentional, conscious, or purposeful use of the sense of hearing. The difference is expressed in the following quotation:

As the silence took hold in the darkness, Sam realized that she had been hearing, though not listening to, various low-level sounds—the hum of air conditioning and life support, the pulse of some faraway oxygen pump, the faint buzz of the electrical and lighting systems. —Justin Richards (1999) Demontage, chapter 5, page 92.

A similar distinction exists between see and watch in English.

Quotations

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

相关搭配(Coordinate terms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

listen (plural listens)

  1. An instance of listening.
    Synonym: play (of recorded audio)
    Give the motor a listen and tell me if it sounds off.
    • 2016 March 29, Victor Luckerson, “There's a New Way To Listen To All the Remixes You Want”, in Time[2]:
      The diss song, “Back to Back,” now has more than 124 million listens, a sign that the streaming can attract a sizable audience for a single track.

查看更多(See also)

变位词(Anagrams)


Czech

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

词源(Etymology)

list +‎ -en

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

listen m inan

  1. (botany) bract

查看更多(Further reading)

  • listen in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • listen in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

名词(Noun)

listen c

  1. definite singular of liste
  2. definite singular of list

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

listen

  1. Plural form of list

变位词(Anagrams)


German

词源(Etymology)

From Liste +‎ -en.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

listen (weak, third-person singular present listet, past tense listete, past participle gelistet, auxiliary haben)

  1. to list

动词变化形式(Conjugation)

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)


Norwegian Bokmål

替代形式(Alternative forms)

名词(Noun)

listen m or f

  1. definite masculine singular of liste
  2. definite masculine singular of list

Spanish

动词(Verb)

listen

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) imperative form of listar.
  2. Second-person plural (ustedes) present subjunctive form of listar.
  3. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present subjunctive form of listar.

Swedish

名词(Noun)

listen

  1. definite singular of list

变位词(Anagrams)


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