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【loco】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: locò

英语(English)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈləʊ.kəʊ/
  • Rhymes: -əʊkəʊ

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Italian.

副词(Adverb)

loco (not comparable)

  1. (music) A direction in written or printed music to be returning to the proper pitch after having played an octave higher or lower.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Spanish loco (insane, crazy; loose).

形容词(Adjective)

loco (comparative more loco, superlative most loco)

  1. (colloquial) Crazy.
    • 2003 December 15, The New Yorker, page 56:
      You know, I’m a little loco. Kinda crazy, zany guy.
  2. (Southwestern US) Intoxicated by eating locoweed.
同义词(Synonyms)
  • pea struck
翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

loco (plural locos or locoes)

  1. A certain species of Astragalus or Oxytropis, capable of causing locoism.
    Synonym: locoweed

动词(Verb)

loco (third-person singular simple present locos, present participle locoing, simple past and past participle locoed)

  1. (transitive) To poison with the loco plant; to affect with locoism.
  2. (transitive, colloquial, by extension) To render insane.
    • W. D. Howells
      the locoed novelist

关联词(Related terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Abbreviation of locomotive.

名词(Noun)

loco (plural locos)

  1. (rail transport, informal) A locomotive.
    • 1898, Kipling, Rudyard, “.007”, in The Day's Work[1], New York: Doubleday & McClure Co., page 243:
      A locomotive is, next to a marine engine, the most sensitive thing man ever made; and No. .007, besides being sensitive, was new. The red paint was hardly dry on his spotless bumper-bar, his headlight shone like a fireman’s helmet, and his cab might have been a hard-wood-finish parlour. They had run him into the round-house after his trial—he had said good-bye to his best friend in the shops, the overhead travelling-crane—the big world was just outside; and the other locos were taking stock of him.
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

变位词(Anagrams)


Interlingua

名词(Noun)

loco (plural locos)

  1. place, location

Italian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin locus, from Old Latin stlocus, from Proto-Indo-European *stel- (to put, place, locate).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɔ.ko/, [ˈl̺ɔːko]
  • Hyphenation: lò‧co

名词(Noun)

loco m (plural lochi)

  1. (poetic) Archaic form of luogo.

动词(Verb)

loco

  1. first-person singular present indicative of locare

变位词(Anagrams)


Latin

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Italic *stlokāō. Equivalent to locus (place, location).

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

locō (present infinitive locāre, perfect active locāvī, supine locātum); first conjugation

  1. I put, place, set
  2. I arrange, establish
  3. I lease, hire out, lend

动词变化形式(Conjugation)

   Conjugation of locō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present locō locās locat locāmus locātis locant
imperfect locābam locābās locābat locābāmus locābātis locābant
future locābō locābis locābit locābimus locābitis locābunt
perfect locāvī locāvistī, locāstī1 locāvit locāvimus locāvistis, locāstis1 locāvērunt, locāvēre
pluperfect locāveram locāverās locāverat locāverāmus locāverātis locāverant
future perfect locāverō locāveris locāverit locāverimus locāveritis locāverint
passive present locor locāris, locāre locātur locāmur locāminī locantur
imperfect locābar locābāris, locābāre locābātur locābāmur locābāminī locābantur
future locābor locāberis, locābere locābitur locābimur locābiminī locābuntur
perfect locātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect locātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect locātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present locem locēs locet locēmus locētis locent
imperfect locārem locārēs locāret locārēmus locārētis locārent
perfect locāverim locāverīs locāverit locāverīmus locāverītis locāverint
pluperfect locāvissem, locāssem1 locāvissēs, locāssēs1 locāvisset, locāsset1 locāvissēmus, locāssēmus1 locāvissētis, locāssētis1 locāvissent, locāssent1
passive present locer locēris, locēre locētur locēmur locēminī locentur
imperfect locārer locārēris, locārēre locārētur locārēmur locārēminī locārentur
perfect locātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect locātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present locā locāte
future locātō locātō locātōte locantō
passive present locāre locāminī
future locātor locātor locantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives locāre locāvisse, locāsse1 locātūrum esse locārī locātum esse locātum īrī
participles locāns locātūrus locātus locandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
locandī locandō locandum locandō locātum locātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • English: locate
  • French: louer
  • Occitan: logar
  • Sicilian: lucari

名词(Noun)

locō

  1. dative masculine singular of locus
  2. ablative masculine singular of locus

来源参考(References)

  • loco in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • loco in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • loco in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden, Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co., 1894
    • (ambiguous) heights, high ground: loca edita, superiora
    • (ambiguous) rough and hilly ground: loca aspera et montuosa (Planc. 9. 22)
    • (ambiguous) level country; plains: loca plana or simply plana
    • (ambiguous) uncultivated districts: loca inculta
    • (ambiguous) deserts: loca deserta (opp. frequentia)
    • (ambiguous) pleasant districts; charming surroundings: loca amoena, amoenitas locorum
    • (ambiguous) to be favourably situated: opportuno loco situm or positum esse
    • (ambiguous) distant places: loca longinqua
    • (ambiguous) to leave a place: discedere a, de, ex loco aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to leave a place: egredi loco; excedere ex loco
    • (ambiguous) to quit a place for ever: decedere loco, de, ex loco
    • (ambiguous) not to stir from one's place: loco or vestigio se non movere
    • (ambiguous) to treat as one's own child: aliquem in liberorum loco habere
    • (ambiguous) my position is considerably improved; my prospects are brighter: res meae meliore loco, in meliore causa sunt
    • (ambiguous) how are you getting on: quo loco res tuae sunt?
    • (ambiguous) at this point the question arises: hoc loco exsistit quaestio, quaeritur
    • (ambiguous) our (not noster) author tells us at this point: scriptor hoc loco dicit
    • (ambiguous) Cicero says this somewhere: Cicero loco quodam haec dicit
    • (ambiguous) to set an ambuscade: insidias collocare, locare (Mil. 10. 27)
    • (ambiguous) to place some one in ambush: aliquem in insidiis locare, collocare, ponere
    • (ambiguous) to dwell in a certain place: domicilium (sedem ac domicilium) habere in aliquo loco
    • (ambiguous) to contract for the building of something: opus locare
    • (ambiguous) to give, undertake a contract for building a house: domum aedificandam locare, conducere
    • (ambiguous) of high rank: summo loco natus
    • (ambiguous) of illustrious family: nobili, honesto, illustri loco or genere natus
    • (ambiguous) of humble, obscure origin: humili, obscuro loco natus
    • (ambiguous) from the lowest classes: infimo loco natus
    • (ambiguous) a knight by birth: equestri loco natus or ortus
    • (ambiguous) to occupy a very high position in the state: in altissimo dignitatis gradu collocatum, locatum, positum esse
    • (ambiguous) to receive tenders for the construction of temples, highroads: locare aedes, vias faciendas (Phil. 9. 7. 16)
    • (ambiguous) to let out public works to contract: locare opera publica
    • (ambiguous) to reconnoitre the ground: loca, regiones, loci naturam explorare
    • (ambiguous) to occupy the high ground: occupare loca superiora
    • (ambiguous) to encamp: castra ponere, locare
    • (ambiguous) in a favourable position: idoneo, aequo, suo (opp. iniquo) loco
    • (ambiguous) to drive the enemy from his position: loco movere, depellere, deicere hostem (B. G. 7. 51)
    • (ambiguous) to abandon one's position: loco excedere

Portuguese

动词(Verb)

loco

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of locar

Spanish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Perhaps from Andalusian Arabic لَوَق(lawqa, foolishness), from Arabic لاق(lāq, to soften)[1] or Ancient Greek γλαυκός (glaukós, clear). Compare Portuguese louco.

形容词(Adjective)

loco (feminine loca, masculine plural locos, feminine plural locas) (superlative loquísimo)

  1. crazy, insane, mad, nuts (asserting that something is out of place in the head)
    Synonyms: chiflado, desquiciado, pirado, trastornado
    David está muy loco.David's really crazy.
  2. rash, risky, imprudent
  3. tremendous, terrific, huge, enormous
  4. overgrown, rambling
  5. loose (pipe fittings, pulley)
  6. sexy (only with "ser" e.g. "soy loco")
派生词(Descendants)
  • Tetelcingo Nahuatl: luco

名词(Noun)

loco m (plural locos, feminine loca, feminine plural locas)

  1. (derogatory) a crazy person; a madman
  2. a highly affected homosexual; fruit
  3. a plant in the genus Astragalus or Oxytropis
衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Roberts, Edward A., A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots, Xlibris Corporation, 2014, →ISBN

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Mapudungun [Term?].

名词(Noun)

loco m (plural locos)

  1. (Chile) Chilean edible gastropod mollusk that resembles abalone but is, in fact, a muricid (Concholepas concholepas)
    Synonym: abalón chileno

变位词(Anagrams)

查看更多(Further reading)


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