万维词典

【los】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Aragonese

词源(Etymology)

From Latin illos (those ones).

代词(Pronoun)

los

  1. them (masculine direct object)

同义词(Synonyms)


Asturian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin illōs, from ille.

Article

los m pl (masculine sg el, feminine sg la, neuter sg lo, feminine plural les)

  1. (definite) the

Catalan

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin illōs; cf. els.

代词(Pronoun)

los (enclitic, contracted 'ls, proclitic els)

  1. them (masculine, direct or indirect object)
    perdoneu-losforgive them
  2. them (feminine, indirect object only)
用法注意(Usage notes)

-los is the full (plena) form of the pronoun. It is normally used after verbs ending with a consonant or ⟨u⟩.

变化形式(Declension)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Latin illōs, from ille.

Article

los m pl

  1. masculine plural of lo

Czech

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Slavic *ȏlsь, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁el-.[1][2] Cognate with English elk, German Elch.

名词(Noun)

los m anim

  1. elk (British), moose (U.S.)
变化形式(Declension)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Borrowed from German Los,[3][4] from Middle High German lōz, from Old High German hlōz, from Proto-West Germanic *hlauti, from Proto-Germanic *hlautiz, ablaut variant of *hlutą.

名词(Noun)

los m inan

  1. lottery ticket
变化形式(Declension)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ "los¹" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  2. ^ Machek, Václav (1968), “1° los 1°”, in Etymologický slovník jazyka českého, 2nd edition, Prague: Academia
  3. ^ "los²" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  4. ^ Machek, Václav (1968), “2° los 2°”, in Etymologický slovník jazyka českého, 2nd edition, Prague: Academia

查看更多(Further reading)

  • los in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • los in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse lauss.

形容词(Adjective)

los

  1. loose

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle Low German los.

名词(Noun)

los c (singular definite lossen, plural indefinite losser)

  1. lynx
Inflection

词源3(Etymology 3)

Derived from verb losse, itself from Middle Low German lossen.

名词(Noun)

los n (singular definite losset, plural indefinite los)

  1. kick
Inflection

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /lɔs/
  • Hyphenation: los
  • Rhymes: -ɔs

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle Dutch los, from Old Dutch *los, from Proto-West Germanic *lus (a-stem), from Proto-Germanic *lusaz. Cognate with Ripuarian Central Franconian loss, Luxembourgish lass, lues. Related with Dutch loos, the cognate of German los, lose, English loose.

形容词(Adjective)

los (comparative losser, superlative meest los or lost)

  1. loose
  2. separate
Inflection
Inflection of los
uninflected los
inflected losse
comparative losser
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial los losser het lost
het loste
indefinite m./f. sing. losse lossere loste
n. sing. los losser loste
plural losse lossere loste
definite losse lossere loste
partitive los lossers
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: losi
  • Papiamentu: lòs, los

动词(Verb)

los

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lossen
  2. imperative of lossen

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle Dutch los, from Old Dutch *los, from Proto-Germanic *luhsuz, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (light, to shine) or from a substrate language.[1]

Cognate with Old Saxon lohs, Old High German luhs, Old English lox, from a similar Germanic form also Swedish lodjur. Cognates outside Germanic include Ancient Greek λύγξ (lúnx), Lithuanian lūšis, Old Church Slavonic рꙑсь (rysĭ), Old Irish lug, Old Armenian լուսանունք (lusanunkʿ).

名词(Noun)

los m (plural lossen, diminutive losje n)

  1. (dated) lynx (specifically the Eurasian lynx, Lynx lynx)
    Synonym: lynx
替代形式(Alternative forms)
  • losch (obsolete)
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • pardellos

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009), “lynx”, in Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

变位词(Anagrams)


Dutch Low Saxon

词源(Etymology)

From Middle Low German and Old Saxon lōs, from Proto-West Germanic *laus, cognate with Dutch los and English loose.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Rhymes: -ɔs

形容词(Adjective)

los

  1. open

French

词源(Etymology)

From Old French los, from Latin laus, probably via the nominative singular form.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

los m (plural los)

  1. (obsolete) praise; acclaim
    Synonym: (modern) louange

关联词(Related terms)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ von Wartburg, Walther (1928–2002), “laus”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 5: J L, page 211

German

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /loːs/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /lɔs/ (regionally; chiefly as interjection or when meaning “going on”)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle High German and Old High German lōs. Compare English loose.

形容词(Adjective)

los (strong nominative masculine singular loser, comparative loser, superlative am losesten)

  1. (colloquial or dated) Alternative form of lose (loose)

副词(Adverb)

los (only used in combination with a verb)

  1. off, rid of
    Ich bin meine Erkältung los.I've got rid of my cold.
  2. going on
    Hier ist einiges los.There's a lot going on here.
    Was ist los?What's going on? / What's up? / What's wrong?
  3. (colloquial, regional, Westphalia, Lower Saxony) open
    Die Tür stand los.The door stood open.

感叹语(Interjection)

los

  1. come on!, let's go!
    Los! An die Arbeit!Come on! Let's get to work!
  2. (racing) Go!
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)
  • gelosen

词源2(Etymology 2)

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

动词(Verb)

los

  1. singular imperative of losen

Indonesian

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɔs]
  • Hyphenation: los

词源1(Etymology 1)

Shortening from losmen (hostel).

名词(Noun)

los (first-person possessive losku, second-person possessive losmu, third-person possessive losnya)

  1. hostel
  2. longhouse

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Dutch loods (pilot).

名词(Noun)

los (first-person possessive losku, second-person possessive losmu, third-person possessive losnya)

  1. (navigation) pilot boat

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Dutch los (loose).

形容词(Adjective)

los

  1. (colloquial) loose, free
    Synonyms: lepas, bebas

查看更多(Further reading)


Interlingua

代词(Pronoun)

los

  1. (accusative, dative) them, those

Ladino

词源(Etymology)

From Latin illōs, from ille.

Article

los (singular el, feminine las)

  1. the (masculine plural)

Mauritian Creole

词源(Etymology)

From French loche (dialectal).

名词(Noun)

los

  1. slug

来源参考(References)

  • Baker, Philip & Hookoomsing, Vinesh Y. (1987). Dictionnaire de créole mauricien. Morisyen – English – Français

Middle Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Old Dutch *los, from Proto-West Germanic *laus (loose, free).

形容词(Adjective)

los

  1. loose, free
  2. free, not encumbered
  3. having lost, robbed

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

派生词(Descendants)

  • Dutch: los
  • Limburgish: lósj

查看更多(Further reading)


中古英语(Middle English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Old English los.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

los (uncountable)

  1. loss

派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Bokmål

词源(Etymology)

Borrowing from Low German lots (short form of lotsman); compare with German Lotse.

名词(Noun)

los m (definite singular losen, indefinite plural loser, definite plural losene)

  1. (nautical) a pilot (person who guides ships in and out of a harbour)

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Nynorsk

词源1(Etymology 1)

名词(Noun)

los m (definite singular losen, indefinite plural losar, definite plural losane)

  1. Alternative spelling of lós

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

los n (definite singular loset, indefinite plural los, definite plural losa)

  1. Alternative spelling of lòs

Occitan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin illōs, from ille.

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

los (singular lo, feminine la, feminine plural las)

  1. the; masculine plural definite article

Old English

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *lusą (loss), from Proto-Indo-European *lewHs- (to cut loose; sever; lose). Cognate with Old Norse los (looseness; breaking up).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

los n (nominative plural los)

  1. loss
  2. destruction

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)


Old French

词源(Etymology)

See the verb loer (to laud).

名词(Noun)

los m (oblique plural los, nominative singular los, nominative plural los)

  1. glory; positive reputation

派生词(Descendants)


Old High German

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-West Germanic *laus, see also Old English lēas, Old Norse lauss.

形容词(Adjective)

lōs

  1. loose

Polish

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Middle High German lōz, from Old High German hlōz, from Proto-West Germanic *hlauti.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /lɔs/
  • Rhymes: -ɔs
  • Syllabification: los

名词(Noun)

los m inan

  1. fate
  2. lottery ticket
    Synonym: kupon

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

adjective
verb

查看更多(Further reading)

  • los in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • los in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

los

  1. Alternative form of os (third-person masculine plural objective pronoun) used as an enclitic and mesoclitic following a verb form ending in a consonant (-z, -r and -s, but not -m); the consonant is elided and the preceding vowel takes an accent if necessary

Serbo-Croatian

Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh
Američki los se odmori u kišnom polju.

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *ȏlsь.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

lȍs m (Cyrillic spelling ло̏с)

  1. moose
  2. elk

变化形式(Declension)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • los” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *olsь.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

lọ̑s m anim

  1. elk, moose

Inflection

Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. lós
gen. sing. lósa
singular dual plural
nominative lós lósa lósi
accusative lósa lósa lóse
genitive lósa lósov lósov
dative lósu lósoma lósom
locative lósu lósih lósih
instrumental lósom lósoma lósi

查看更多(Further reading)

  • los”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /los/ [los]
  • Rhymes: -os
  • Hyphenation: los

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Latin illōs accusative plural masculine of ille.

Article

los m pl

  1. the
    ¿Qué hacen los muchachos?
    What do the boys do?
关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

代词(Pronoun)

los

  1. accusative of ellos and ustedes (when referring to more than one man); them, you all (formal)
  2. plural masculine or neuter pronoun
    los que no hablan
    those who do not speak

查看更多(See also)

变位词(Anagrams)


Swedish

名词(Noun)

los

  1. indefinite genitive singular of lo.

变位词(Anagrams)


Westrobothnian

词源(Etymology)

Borrowing from Low German lots (short form of lotsman), from Middle English lodesman; compare with German Lotse.

名词(Noun)

los m (definite singular losn, dative singular losåm, indefinite plural losa, definite plural losan)

  1. (nautical) a pilot (person who guides ships in and out of a harbour)

衍生词(Derived terms)


White Hmong

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

los

  1. come, return (to one's home / to a place where one resides)
    Antonym: tuaj

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  • Ernest E. Heimbach, White Hmong - English Dictionary (1979, SEAP Publications)

Zazaki

词源(Etymology)

Compare Armenian լոշ (loš).

名词(Noun)

los (genitive singular losi)

  1. lavash

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