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【major】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: maior, Major, majór, and majôr

英语(English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From French major.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • Maj. (titular abbreviation)
  • maj. (nominal abbreviation)

名词(Noun)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

major (plural majors)

  1. (military) A military rank between captain and lieutenant colonel.
    He used to be a major in the army.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • When used as a title, it is always capitalized.
  • In the US, the rank corresponds to pay grade O-4. Abbreviations: Maj. and MAJ.
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English major, from Latin maior, comparative of magnus (great), from Proto-Indo-European *maǵ-yes- (greater), comparative of *maǵ-, *meǵ- (great). Compare West Frisian majoar (major), Dutch majoor (major). Doublet of mayor.

形容词(Adjective)

major (comparative more major, superlative most major)

  1. Of great significance or importance.
  2. Greater in number, quantity, or extent
    the major part of the assembly
  3. Of full legal age, having attained majority
  4. (music) Of a scale that follows the pattern: tone - tone - semitone - tone - tone - tone - semitone
    A major scale.
  5. (music) Being the larger of two intervals denoted by the same ordinal number.
  6. (music) Containing the note a major third (four half steps) above the tonic.
  7. (campanology) Bell changes rung on eight bells.
反义词(Antonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

名词(Noun)

major (plural majors)

  1. (US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand) The main area of study of a student working toward a degree at a college or university.
    Midway through his second year of college, he still hadn't chosen a major.
  2. (US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand) A student at a college or university concentrating on a given area of study.
    She is a math major.
  3. A person of legal age.
  4. (logic) The major premise.
  5. (Canadian football) A touchdown, or major score.
  6. A large, commercially successful company, especially a record label that is bigger than an indie.
    • 1997, Billboard (volume 109, number 30, page 86)
      At the end of last year, the band re-signed to XL for another three albums, despite being chased by majors that included Island, says manager Mike Champion of Midi Management.
  7. (British slang, dated) An elder brother (especially at a public school).
  8. (zoology) A large leaf-cutter ant that acts as a soldier, defending the nest.
同义词(Synonyms)
  • (major course of study): course (UK)
反义词(Antonyms)
  • (a person of legal age): minor
翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

major (third-person singular simple present majors, present participle majoring, simple past and past participle majored)

  1. (intransitive) to concentrate on a particular area of study as a student in a college or university
    I have decided to major in mathematics.
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

变位词(Anagrams)


Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin maior.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

major (masculine and feminine plural majors)

  1. larger (superlative: el major / la majorlargest)
  2. older (superlative: el major / la majoroldest)
  3. main, principal
  4. (music) major

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

名词(Noun)

major m (plural majors)

  1. (military) major

名词(Noun)

major m or f (plural majors)

  1. of age, adult

查看更多(Further reading)


Czech

名词(Noun)

major m

  1. major (military)

变化形式(Declension)

查看更多(Further reading)


Estonian

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from German Major, from Spanish, from Latin maior.

名词(Noun)

major (genitive majori, partitive majorit)

  1. major (rank)

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)


French

词源(Etymology)

Ultimately from Latin maior. French military authorities created in 1972 the rank of major (non-commissioned officer), which can easily be confused with the rank of major (officer) used in many countries, creating problems when communicating with allied forces. Doublet of maire and majeur.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

major m (plural majors)

  1. major, the upper rank of French non-commissioned officers

查看更多(Further reading)


Hungarian

词源(Etymology)

From German [Term?].

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ˈmɒjor]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧jor
  • Rhymes: -or

名词(Noun)

major (plural majorok)

  1. farm

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative major majorok
accusative majort majorokat
dative majornak majoroknak
instrumental majorral majorokkal
causal-final majorért majorokért
translative majorrá majorokká
terminative majorig majorokig
essive-formal majorként majorokként
essive-modal
inessive majorban majorokban
superessive majoron majorokon
adessive majornál majoroknál
illative majorba majorokba
sublative majorra majorokra
allative majorhoz majorokhoz
elative majorból majorokból
delative majorról majorokról
ablative majortól majoroktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
majoré majoroké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
majoréi majorokéi
Possessive forms of major
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. majorom majorjaim
2nd person sing. majorod majorjaid
3rd person sing. majorja majorjai
1st person plural majorunk majorjaink
2nd person plural majorotok majorjaitok
3rd person plural majorjuk majorjaik

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • majoros
  • majorság

Interlingua

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

major (not comparable)

  1. (comparative degree of grande) bigger

Latin

形容词(Adjective)

major (neuter majus, positive māgnus); third declension

  1. Alternative form of maior

变化形式(Declension)

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative major majus majōrēs majōra
Genitive majōris majōrum
Dative majōrī majōribus
Accusative majōrem majus majōrēs majōra
Ablative majōre majōribus
Vocative major majus majōrēs majōra

来源参考(References)


Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

major m pers (abbreviation mjr)

  1. major (military rank)

变化形式(Declension)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • major in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin maior. Doublet of maior

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

major m (plural majores)

  1. (military) major (military rank)

Serbo-Croatian

词源(Etymology)

From German Major, from Latin māior.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /mǎjoːr/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧jor

名词(Noun)

màjōr m (Cyrillic spelling ма̀јо̄р)

  1. (military, Serbo-Croatian, Serbo-Croatian) major (rank)

变化形式(Declension)

同义词(Synonyms)


Swedish

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

major c

  1. a major[1]
  2. a Squadron Leader[1] (in the British Royal Air Force)

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of major 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative major majoren majorer majorerna
Genitive majors majorens majorers majorernas

来源参考(References)

  1. 1.0 1.1 Utrikes namnbok (7th ed., 2007) →ISBN

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