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【men】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English men, from Old English menn (people), from Proto-Germanic *manniz, nominative plural of Proto-Germanic *mann- (person). Cognate with German Männer (men), Danish mænd (men), Swedish män (men). More at man.

发音(Pronunciation)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
A group of men sitting together.

名词(Noun)

men

  1. plural of man
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314, page 0105:
      This new-comer was a man who in any company would have seemed striking. [] Indeed, all his features were in large mold, like the man himself, as though he had come from a day when skin garments made the proper garb of men.

名词(Noun)

men pl (plural only)

  1. (collective) (The) people, humanity.
    • 1776, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America:
      We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
  2. (collective, military) enlisted personnel (as opposed to commissioned officers).
    "Muster up the men in the barracks at 0600," the lieutenant said to his sergeant.

Quotations

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)


Basque

名词(Noun)

men

  1. A command

Chuukese

副词(Adverb)

men

  1. softer form of fakkun (very)

Crimean Tatar

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Turkic *ben (I). Compare Turkish ben (I).

代词(Pronoun)

men (plural biz, possessive adjective menim)

  1. (personal) I (first-person singular)

Inflection

object me: maña
reflexive myself: özüm
possessive mine, my: menim

Danish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse mein, from Proto-Germanic *mainą (damage, hurt, injustice, sin).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

men or mén n or c (singular definite menet or menen, plural indefinite men, plural definite menene)

  1. injury

词源2(Etymology 2)

Same origin as Old Norse meðan (while).

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

men

  1. but
  2. (as a noun) but, catch, hitch, snag
    Jeg kan høre, der er et men.

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle Dutch men, an unstressed variety of man (man). Accordingly, originally pronounced with [ə]; now predominantly with a full vowel [ɛ], especially in those areas where the word is chiefly literary. Compare German man, Middle English men (indefinite pronoun).

代词(Pronoun)

men

  1. (indefinite, subject) One, you, they, everyone; humanity, (the) people, the public opinion
    Men zegt dat...People say that.... It is said that...
    Men weet nooit wat er gaat gebeuren.You never know what’s going to happen.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • When not used as a subject, men must be replaced with je (you) or sometimes ze (them).
  • The word as such is very common in Limburg and some other areas, where it is part of the local dialects. Elsewhere it is not downright rare but perceived as formal and predominantly replaced with je and ze even as a subject (similarly to English one).
关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

See the etymology of the main entry.

动词(Verb)

men

  1. first-person singular present indicative of mennen
  2. imperative of mennen

Faroese

词源1(Etymology 1)

See møna

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

men f (genitive singular menar, plural menir or menar)

  1. (rare, Mykines) The spinal cord

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of men
f2 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative men menin menir menirnar
accusative men menina menir menirnar
dative men menini menum menunum
genitive menar menarinnar mena menanna
f6 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative men menin menar menarnar
Accusative men menina menar menarnar
Dative men menini menum menunum
Genitive menar menarinnar mena menanna

同义词(Synonyms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Danish men derived from Old Norse meðan (while).

Conjunction

men

  1. but

Haitian Creole

词源1(Etymology 1)

From French main (hand)

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

men

  1. hand

词源2(Etymology 2)

From French mais (but).

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

men

  1. but

Icelandic

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse men, from Proto-Germanic *manją. Compare Old English mene.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

men n (genitive singular mens, nominative plural men)

  1. necklace, especially one with a pendant

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Italian

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈmen/
  • Hyphenation: mén

副词(Adverb)

men

  1. Apocopic form of meno

Contraction

men

  1. (literary, archaic) Contraction of me ne.
    • 1723, Anton Maria Salvini, transl., Iliade [Iliad]‎[1], Milan: Giovanni Gaetano Tartini, Santi Franchi, translation of Ἰλιάς (Iliás) by Homer, Book I, page 9:
      Men vo alle navi, appo aver fatte in guerra ¶ ben gravi, e dure, e faticose imprese
      I return to the ships, after grave, hard and laborious war endeavours

Japanese

罗马化(Romanization)

men

  1. Rōmaji transcription of めん

Louisiana Creole French

词源(Etymology)

From French main (hand)

名词(Noun)

men

  1. hand

Macaguán

名词(Noun)

men

  1. water
  2. river

来源参考(References)


Mandarin

罗马化(Romanization)

men (Zhuyin ˙ㄇㄣ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of ,
  2. Nonstandard spelling of mēn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of mén.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of měn.
  5. Nonstandard spelling of mèn.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle Dutch

词源(Etymology)

An unstressed variety of man.

代词(Pronoun)

men

  1. someone
  2. one, they, you, people; impersonal pronoun.

Inflection

This pronoun needs an inflection-table template.

派生词(Descendants)

  • Dutch: men
  • Limburgish: me

查看更多(Further reading)

  • “men”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek[2], 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J., “men (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek[3], The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1885–1929, →ISBN, page I

中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

代词(Pronoun)

men

  1. Alternative form of man (one, you)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old English menn, plural of mann, from Proto-Germanic *manniz, plural of *mann-.

名词(Noun)

men

  1. plural of mon (man)

Mòcheno

词源(Etymology)

An unstressed pronunciation of mònn (man). Compare German man, Dutch men for a similar construct.

代词(Pronoun)

men

  1. one, you (indefinite pronoun)
    Bou mu men parkiarn?Where can you park?

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Bokmål

词源1(Etymology 1)

Via Swedish and Danish men, same origin as Old Norse meðan (while).

Conjunction

men

  1. But, however; introducing a clause that contrasts with the preceding clause, sentence or common belief.
  2. though
  3. only
    Han er en fin kar, men han snakker litt for mye. – He is a nice guy, but he talks a bit too much.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse mein.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

名词(Noun)

men

  1. damage; injury (also mén)
  2. permanent disability
  3. difficulty; drawback

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

men

  1. imperative of mene

Norwegian Nynorsk

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Via Swedish and Danish men, same origin as Old Norse meðan (while).

Conjunction

men

  1. but, however; introducing a clause that contrasts with the preceding clause, sentence or common belief.
  2. though
  3. only

词源2(Etymology 2)

From men.

名词(Noun)

men n (definite singular menet, uncountable)

  1. difficulty

来源参考(References)


Old Norse

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Germanic *manją. Cognate with Old English mene.

名词(Noun)

men n (genitive mens, plural men)

  1. necklace

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • Brísingamen

Pohnpeian

动词(Verb)

men

  1. to want

Sherbro

名词(Noun)

men (plural menti)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) water

来源参考(References)

  • James Frederick Schön, James Frederick Schön, Sherbro Vocabulary (1839), page 24

Spanish

名词(Noun)

men m pl

  1. plural of man
  2. (Peru, colloquial) dude

Swedish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Swedish men, from Middle Low German men, man (but, only), probably from Old Saxon niwan; possibly under the influence of Old Swedish men (while, during) (modern Swedish medan, medans, mens). Cognate with modern Low German man.

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

men

  1. but; introducing a clause that contrasts with the preceding clause, sentence or common belief.
  2. yet, but, however
    John har bott i staden i fem år, men aldrig besökt slottet.
    John has lived in the city for five years, yet never visited the castle.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse mein, cognate with Icelandic mein, Norwegian mein, Old Saxon mēn, Old English mān; cognate with Icelandic meinn (which causes injury), Old English mǣne (evil, deceptive, adj), Lithuanian maĭnas (change, noun), Proto-Slavic *měna (change, noun); from the Proto-Indo-European root *mei- (to switch).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

men n

  1. a handicap, long-time remnant of a physical or mental injury, which affects a person negatively
变化形式(Declension)
Declension of men 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative men menet men menen
Genitive mens menets mens menens
查看更多(See also)
关联词(Related terms)

Turkmen

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Turkic *ben (I). Compare Turkish ben (I).

代词(Pronoun)

men

  1. (personal) I

变化形式(Declension)

查看更多(See also)


Uyghur

罗马化(Romanization)

men

  1. Latin (ULY) transcription of مەن(men)

Uzbek

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Turkic *ben (I).

代词(Pronoun)

men

  1. (personal) I

变化形式(Declension)


Vietnamese

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Vietic *-mɛːn.

名词(Noun)

men (𥽔, 𥾃)

  1. yeast
  2. (biochemistry) enzyme
  3. alcohol (in terms of its euphorigenic or intoxicating effects)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

men

  1. enamel

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

men

  1. to approach, to go along
衍生词(Derived terms)
Derived terms
  • men theo
  • mon men

Volapük

名词(Noun)

men

  1. man (male or female), human, human being

下义词(Hyponyms)

  • cil (child)
  • himen (male human)
  • jimen (female human)

Wutunhua

词源(Etymology)

From Mandarin .

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

men

  1. door
    men kai-di-li.
    The door is kept open.
    (Quoted in Sandman, p. 182)

来源参考(References)

  • Juha Janhunen, Marja Peltomaa, Erika Sandman, Xiawu Dongzhou, Wutun (LINCOM's Descriptive Grammar Series), volume 466, LINCOM Europa, 2008, →ISBN
  • Erika Sandman, A Grammar of Wutun[4], University of Helsinki (PhD), 2016, →ISBN

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