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【most】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Most, móst, mōst, mošt, -most, and мост

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English most, moste, from Old English mǣst, māst, from Proto-Germanic *maistaz, *maist. Cognate with Scots mast, maist (most), Saterland Frisian maast (most), West Frisian meast (most), Dutch meest (most), German meist (most), Danish and Swedish mest (most), Icelandic mestur (most).

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Determiner

most

  1. superlative degree of much.
    The teams competed to see who could collect (the) most money.
  2. superlative degree of many: the comparatively largest number of (construed with the definite article)
    The team with the most points wins.
  3. superlative degree of many: the majority of; more than half of (construed without the definite article)
    Most bakers and dairy farmers have to get up early.
    Winning was not important for most participants.
同义词(Synonyms)
  • (superlative of much): more than half of (in meaning, not grammar), almost all
  • (superlative of many): the majority of (in meaning, not grammar)
翻译(Translations)

副词(Adverb)

most (not comparable)

  1. Forms the superlative of many adjectives.
    Antonym: least
    This is the most important example.
    Correctness is most important.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      With some of it on the south and more of it on the north of the great main thoroughfare that connects Aldgate and the East India Docks, St. Bede's at this period of its history was perhaps the poorest and most miserable parish in the East End of London.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, in A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      “[…] the awfully hearty sort of Christmas cards that people do send to other people that they don't know at all well. You know. The kind that have mottoes [] . And then, when you see [the senders], you probably find that they are the most melancholy old folk with malignant diseases. […]”
  2. To a great extent or degree; highly; very.
    This is a most unusual specimen.
    • 1750, Thomas Morell (lyrics), George Frideric Handel (music), “'Theodora'”‎[2]:
      Most cruel edict! Sure, thy generous soul, Septimius, abhors the dreadful task of persecution.
    • 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, chapter 16, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, OCLC 57395299, page 77:
      A noble craft, but somehow a most melancholy!
    • 1895, H. G. Wells, The Time Machine Chapter X
      Now, I still think that for this box of matches to have escaped the wear of time for immemorial years was a strange, and for me, a most fortunate thing.
  3. superlative form of many: most many
  4. superlative form of much: most much
    Antonym: least
    • 2013 August 3, “Boundary Problems”, in The Economist[3], volume 408, number 8847:
      Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art. Perhaps it is fitting that economists’ most-used metric, gross domestic product (GDP), is a tangle too.
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

代词(Pronoun)

most

  1. The greater part of a group, especially a group of people.
    Most want the best for their children.
    The peach was juicier and more flavourful than most.
同义词(Synonyms)

名词(Noun)

most (usually uncountable, plural mosts)

  1. (uncountable) The greatest amount.
    The most I can offer for the house is $150,000.
  2. (countable, uncountable) The greater part.
    Most of the penguins were friendly and curious.
    • 1892, Walter Besant, chapter III, in The Ivory Gate: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers,[], OCLC 16832619:
      At half-past nine on this Saturday evening, the parlour of the Salutation Inn, High Holborn, contained most of its customary visitors. [] In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess[4]:
      The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. [] The second note, the high alarum, not so familiar and always important since it indicates the paramount sin in Man's private calendar, took most of them by surprise although they had been well prepared.
    • 2013 August 16, John Vidal, “Dams endanger ecology of Himalayas”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 10, page 8:
      Most of the Himalayan rivers have been relatively untouched by dams near their sources. Now the two great Asian powers, India and China, are rushing to harness them as they cut through some of the world's deepest valleys.
    Most of the rice was spoiled.
  3. (countable) A record-setting amount.
    • 2001, George Barna, Real Teens: A Contemporary Snapshot of Youth Culture, →ISBN, page 15:
      Along with their massive size will come other “mosts”: they will likely be the longest living, the best educated, the wealthiest and the most wired/ wireless.
    • 2002, John Gregory Selby, Virginians at War: The Civil War Experiences of Seven Young Confederates, →ISBN, page xvii:
      Virginia had a number of "mosts” that made it appealing, if not representative of all Confederate states: the most citizens among the Southern states; the most slaves; the most men under arms; the most famous Southern generals; the most fighting within its borders; the most divided by the war (what other Southern state lost a quarter of its territory and saw a new state created out of that former territory?); and the most damaged by the war.
    • 2007, Joe Moscheo, The Gospel Side of Elvis, →ISBN:
      The record of Elvis' achievement is truly remarkable; his list of “firsts” and “mosts” is probably without parallel in music and entertainment history.
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • In the sense of record, used when the positive denotation of best does not apply.

词源2(Etymology 2)

Reduction of almost.

副词(Adverb)

most (not comparable)

  1. (informal, chiefly US) Almost.
    • 1998, Bill Zehme, The Way You Wear Your Hat: And the Lost Art of Livin' (page 181)
      A well-daiquiried redhead eyed him from across the room at Jilly's one night in 1963 — although it could have been most any night ever []
    • 2000, Jewish Baltimore: A Family Album →ISBN, page 159:
      "We walked there most every day after school."
    • 2011, Charlotte Maclay, Wanted: A Dad to Brag About, →ISBN:
      “Can't be all that bad if Luke likes it. Most everywhere has air-conditioning, he says.”
翻译(Translations)

来源参考(References)

  • most at OneLook Dictionary Search

变位词(Anagrams)


Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin mustum.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

most m (plural mosts or mostos)

  1. must (fruit juice that will ferment or has fermented)

查看更多(Further reading)


Czech

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *mostъ (bridge).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

most m inan

  1. bridge

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • můstek
  • mostní
  • mostový
  • přemostit

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)


Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Latin mustum.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

most m (uncountable, diminutive mostje n)

  1. must (unfermented or partially fermented mashed grapes or rarely other fruits, an early stage in the production of wine)

Friulian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin mustum.

名词(Noun)

most m (plural mosts)

  1. must (unfermented grape juice or wine)

Hungarian

词源(Etymology)

From the earlier ma (now), which in modern Hungarian means “today” + -st. For the suffix, compare valamelyest.[1]

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

most

  1. now

变化形式(Declension)

It can be suffixed from its variant mostan: mostantól (from now on), mostanra (by now), mostanig (until now), or the latter more commonly formed with -a-, mostanáig (until now).

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Lower Sorbian

名词(Noun)

most m (diminutive mosćik)

  1. Superseded spelling of móst.

变化形式(Declension)


Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

词源(Etymology)

From Middle Low German most, must, from Latin mustum

名词(Noun)

most m (definite singular mosten, indefinite plural moster, definite plural mostene)

  1. must, (unfermented) fruit juice, particularly grape juice

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Nynorsk

词源(Etymology)

From Middle Low German most, must, from Latin mustum

名词(Noun)

most m (definite singular mosten, indefinite plural mostar, definite plural mostane)

  1. must, (unfermented) fruit juice, particularly grape juice

来源参考(References)


Old High German

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin mustum.

名词(Noun)

most m

  1. must

派生词(Descendants)

  • German: Most

Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
most

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *mostъ (bridge).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

most m inan

  1. bridge (building over a river or valley)

变化形式(Declension)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • most in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • most in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *mostъ (bridge).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

mȏst m (Cyrillic spelling мо̑ст)

  1. bridge (construction or natural feature that spans a divide)

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • mòstić
  • mòstiti

Slovak

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *mostъ (bridge).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

most m (genitive singular mosta, nominative plural mosty, genitive plural mostov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. bridge

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • most in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *mostъ (bridge).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

mọ̑st m inan

  1. bridge (construction or natural feature that spans a divide)

Inflection

Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. móst
gen. sing. mósta
singular dual plural
nominative móst mósta mósti
accusative móst mósta móste
genitive mósta móstov móstov
dative móstu móstoma móstom
locative móstu móstih móstih
instrumental móstom móstoma mósti

Volapük

名词(Noun)

most (nominative plural mosts)

  1. monster

变化形式(Declension)


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