万维词典

【na】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

(Translingual)

符号(Symbol)

na

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Nauruan.

英语(English)

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English na, from Old English , from Old English ne (“not”) + ā (“ever”). More at no.

副词(Adverb)

na (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Not.
  2. (obsolete) No.

词源2(Etymology 2)

Development of Etymology 1, above; compare nah.

感叹语(Interjection)

na

  1. (Tyneside or Scotland) No.
    "Na, yor wrang."
    "Na, ye cannet watch telly."
    "Divn’t yee like milk?" "Na."

来源参考(References)

  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, →ISBN
  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN

词源3(Etymology 3)

Abbreviations.

名词(Noun)

na

  1. (linguistics) Abbreviation of noun animate.

词源4(Etymology 4)

Borrowed from Tagalog na.

副词(Adverb)

na (not comparable)

  1. (Philippines, slang) Now; already.
    You need to sleep na.

Etymology 5

Borrowed from Hindi ना ().

副词(Adverb)

na (not comparable)

  1. (North India, slang) isn't it?.
    It is far na?.

查看更多(See also)

变位词(Anagrams)


'Are'are

Article

na

  1. the

来源参考(References)


Acehnese

动词(Verb)

na

  1. to be (exist)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Albanian

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Indo-European *nō̆s (we).

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. (Gheg) we

替代形式(Alternative forms)


Asturian

词源(Etymology)

From a contraction of the preposition en (“in”) + feminine singular article la (“the”).

Contraction

na f (masculine nel, neuter no, masculine plural nos, feminine plural nes)

  1. in the

Bambara

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

na

  1. stew

词源2(Etymology 2)

Particle

na (tone )

  1. auxiliary marker for future tense
    sini, i bɛ na taa sugu jɔ
    You will go to the market tomorrow

来源参考(References)


Bikol Central

副词(Adverb)

na

  1. already

Particle

na

  1. connects consonant ending noun or adjective to a noun or adjective that it modifies.

Blagar

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Trans-New Guinea *na. Cognate to Zia na.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. I

名词(Noun)

na

  1. thing

来源参考(References)


Cameroon Pidgin

发音(Pronunciation)

Predicative

na

  1. copula for nouns and adjectives
    • 2019 November 19, Kimzy K-Buoy (lyrics and music), “Flex”‎[1], 0:57–0:59:
      MUSIC NA THE KEY SO I NODI PLAY
      Music is the key so I am not engaging in play.
  2. a topic marker introducing a clause to lay focus on a subject
    • 2019 November 19, Kimzy K-Buoy (lyrics and music), “Flex”‎[2], 1:39–1:42:
      I go make you number one for ma list because
      Na you be the hardest
      I will make you the number one of my list by reason that, behold, you are the hardest.

Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From the final syllable of Latin domina (“Lady”).

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

na f sg (elided n', masculine en)

  1. (Eastern Catalan) Personal article used before feminine given names instead of the definite article la.
    En Pau i na Maria arribaran demà.
    Pau and Maria will be arriving tomorrow.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • While this article (and its masculine counterpart en) is standard in Balearic Catalan, in other Eastern Catalan dialects its use is waning, and the elided of the definite article, l', is used before names beginning with vowels. There is no plural personal article, so the plural definite article les is used in all dialects.

关联词(Related terms)


Cavineña

名词(Noun)

na

  1. root of ena

来源参考(References)

  • Antoine Guillaume, A Grammar of Cavineña (2008, →ISBN

Central Huasteca Nahuatl

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. I

Czech

词源(Etymology)

From Old Czech na, from Proto-Slavic *na.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [ˈna]

Preposition

na

  1. on, onto (direction, + accusative case)
    Dej skleničku na stůl.Put the glass on the table.
  2. on (location, + locative case)
    Sklenička je na stole.The glass is on the table.
  3. to, (direction, + accusative case, used only with certain places (do + genitive is more common))
    Jdeme na poštu.We're going to the post office.
  4. at, in (location, + locative case, used only with certain places (v is more common))
    Jsme na poště.We're at the post office.
  5. for (purpose, + accusative case)
    Ty nůžky nejsou na hraní.The scissors are not for playing with.
  6. at (in the direction of, + accusative case)
    Nekřič na mě!Don't yell at me!

查看更多(Further reading)

  • na in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • na in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dalmatian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin nōn.

副词(Adverb)

na

  1. no
  2. not

关联词(Related terms)


Domari

词源(Etymology)

From Sanskrit नव (nava).

数字化(Numeral)

na

  1. (Aleppo, cardinal number) nine

来源参考(References)


Drung

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *na-ŋ.

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. you (sg.)

来源参考(References)

  • Ross Perlin (2019) A Grammar of Trung[4], Santa Barbara: University of California

Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /naː/
  • Hyphenation: na
  • Rhymes: -aː

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle Dutch na, from Old Dutch *nāh, *nā, from Proto-Germanic *nēhw.

Preposition

na

  1. after
  2. (op ... na, with a cardinal number) bar, except Used to form ordinal numbers in relation to a superlative quality. The number that is used is 1 lower than in the English translation.
    Brazilië is met zijn 8,5 miljoen vierkante kilometer het grootste land van Zuid-Amerika en het op vier na grootste ter wereld.
    With its 8.5 million square kilometers, Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world.
    Naast dat de toonladder een kenmerkend gegeven is, zijn er ook bepaalde tonen, die een speciale rol hebben, zoals de vadi en de samvadi, respectievelijk: de belangrijkste en de op een na belangrijkste toon.
    Next to [the fact] that the musical scale is a characteristic datum, there are also certain tones that have a special role, such as the vadi and the samvadi: respectively the most important and second most important tones.
Inflection
衍生词(Derived terms)

-verbs:

  • nabakken
  • nabauwen
  • nabellen
  • nabeschouwen
  • nabestellen
  • nabetalen
  • nabewerken
  • nablaffen
  • nablazen
  • nablijven
  • nablikken
  • nabloeden
  • nabloeien
  • nablussen
  • nabootsen
  • nabouwen
  • nabranden
  • nabrengen
  • nabruisen
  • nabrullen
  • nachecken
  • nadenken
  • nadoen
  • nadraaien
  • nadragen
  • nadraven
  • nadreunen
  • nadruppelen
  • naduiden
  • nadweilen
  • nafietsen
  • nafladderen
  • nafluisteren
  • nafluiten
  • nagaan
  • nagalmen
  • nagapen
  • nageven
  • naglijden
  • naglimmen
  • nagloeien
  • nagloren
  • nagluren
  • nagonzen
  • nagooien
  • nahaken
  • nahijgen
  • nahinken
  • nahollen
  • nahuilen
  • najagen
  • najanken
  • najoelen
  • najouwen
  • najubelen
  • najuichen
  • nakaarten
  • nakaatsen
  • nakakelen
  • nakalken
  • nakauwen
  • nakeffen
  • nakijken
  • naklagen
  • naklauteren
  • nakletsen
  • nakleuren
  • naklimmen
  • naklinken
  • nakloppen
  • nakluiven
  • nakomen
  • nakraaien
  • nakrijgen
  • nakrijsen
  • nakruipen
  • nakuieren
  • nakwaken
  • nalachen
  • nalaten
  • naleven
  • nalezen
  • nalichten
  • naliegen
  • naloeren
  • nalopen
  • naluiden
  • naluisteren
  • namaken
  • namalen
  • nameten
  • namijmeren
  • namompelen
  • naogen
  • naoogsten
  • napalen
  • napassen
  • napersen
  • napiepen
  • napitten
  • naplegen
  • napleiten
  • napluizen
  • napoetsen
  • napraten
  • narennen
  • narijden
  • naroepen
  • naschallen
  • naschetsen
  • naschilderen
  • naschouwen
  • naschreeuwen
  • naschrijven
  • naschuiven
  • naschuren
  • naseinen
  • nasissen
  • naslaan
  • naslenteren
  • naslijpen
  • nasluipen
  • nasmeulen
  • nasmijten
  • nasnellen
  • nasnijden
  • nasnikken
  • nasnorren
  • nasnuffelen
  • naspelen
  • naspeuren
  • naspieden
  • nasporen
  • naspreken
  • naspringen
  • nastamelen
  • nastappen
  • nastaren
  • nastreven
  • nastrompelen
  • nastrooien
  • nasturen
  • nasudderen
  • nasuizen
  • natekenen
  • natellen
  • natrekken
  • navertellen
  • navoelen
  • navolgen
  • navorsen
  • nawegen
  • nawerken
  • nawuiven
  • nazeggen
  • nazenden
  • nazetten
  • nazitten
派生词(Descendants)
  • Negerhollands: na, a
    • Virgin Islands Creole: na

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Dutch *nāh, *nā, from Proto-Germanic *nēhwaz.

形容词(Adjective)

na (comparative nader, superlative naast)

  1. close
Inflection

The forms of the positive are obsolescent, particularly the inflected one. The comparative and superlative forms are functioning as independent adjectives to an increasing extent.

Inflection of na
uninflected na
inflected naë
comparative nader
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial nader het naast
het naaste
indefinite m./f. sing. naë nadere naaste
n. sing. na nader naaste
plural naë nadere naaste
definite naë nadere naaste
partitive na's naders
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

Preposition

na

  1. (dialectal) Archaic form of naar.

Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. first person; I

查看更多(See also)


Esperanto

Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo

词源(Etymology)

Presumably from Russian на (na) and Polish na; alternatively, from the accusative suffix -n (possibly a blend with the article la or with the suffix -a).

发音(Pronunciation)

    • IPA(key): [na]
    • Audio:
    • Hyphenation: na

Preposition

na

  1. (neologism, rare) Preposition introducing an accusative phrase.
    Mi legis na Gerda Malaperis.
    I read Gerda Disappeared.

用法注意(Usage notes)

Unofficial; it is recognized by some Esperantists on the Internet, but disapproved of by most high-level speakers. Proponents recommended using it only where the accusative suffix isn't possible: with numerals (unu (“one”)), particles (iom (“some”), kies (“whose”)), letters (J), titles of books, and quotations, etc. More standard options are to use the general preposition je, to omit the accusative ending, or to rephrase the sentence to avoid the issue.


Galician

词源1(Etymology 1)

From contraction of preposition en (“in”) + feminine article a (“the”).

发音(Pronunciation)

Contraction

na f (masculine no, masculine plural nos, feminine plural nas)

  1. in the

词源2(Etymology 2)

From a mutation of a.

代词(Pronoun)

na f (accusative)

  1. Alternative form of a (her)
用法注意(Usage notes)

The n- forms of accusative third-person pronouns are used when the preceding word ends in -u or a diphthong, and are suffixed to the preceding word.

关联词(Related terms)

German

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Perhaps from an unstressed form of nu.

感叹语(Interjection)

na

  1. well!, so!; used to introduce a statement
    Na, dann fangen wir mal an!
    So, let’s get started!
  2. oh, hm, huh, och, nu; expressing a (usually mild) degree of surprise, doubt, or frustration
    Na, das ist ja nett, dass ihr vorbeikommt!
    Oh, that’s nice of you to come by!
    Na? Ob das so stimmt...
    Huh? Not sure if that’s correct...
    Na! Warum will das denn jetzt wieder nicht?
    Och! Why does this thing not work yet again?
    Na toll! Kein Empfang.
    Oh great! No signal.
  3. (regional, chiefly northern and central Germany) huh?; used as a question marker, often implying that the speaker knows the answer
    Was ist zwei plus drei? Na?
    What’s two plus three? Huh?
  4. (regional, chiefly northern and central Germany) hey!, hi!; used as a greeting, but with an interrogative intonation, as if saying “So? You see me there?”, or “So? How is everything?”
    Na! Lang nicht gesehen!
    Hey! Long time no see!
    Na! Wie geht’s?
    Hi! How are you?
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

A variant of nein.

感叹语(Interjection)

na

  1. (regional, chiefly southern Germany and Austria) Alternative form of nein (no)
    Na. Das geht net.
    No. That doesn’t work.

变位词(Anagrams)


Guinea-Bissau Creole

词源(Etymology)

From Portuguese na. Cognate with Kabuverdianu na.

Preposition

na

  1. at
  2. in
  3. on

Hawaiian

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Preposition

na

  1. for, belonging to, by

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • Used for acquired possessions, while no is used for possessions that are inherited, out of personal control, and for things that can be got into (houses, clothes, cars).

Hungarian

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

na

  1. well, so, hey
    Na, nem baj.Well, no problem.
    Itt van Péter. – Na és?“Peter is here.” “So what?”
    Na, gyerünk!Alright, let's go!
    Na, ne mondj ilyet!Hey, don't say that!
    Na, ez fáj!Hey, that hurts!

衍生词(Derived terms)

Compound words

查看更多(Further reading)

  • na in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Irish

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

na (definite article)

  1. genitive singular feminine of an (triggers h-prothesis)
    na háiteof the place
  2. nominative/dative plural of an (triggers h-prothesis)
    na héinthe birds
    ó na cailínífrom the girls
  3. genitive plural of an (triggers eclipsis)
    na bpáistíof the children

Contraction

na

  1. Nonstandard form of ina

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
na not applicable not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

查看更多(Further reading)

  • Ó Dónaill, Niall (1977), “na”, in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, Dublin: An Gúm, →ISBN
  • Entries containing “na” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “na” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Japanese

罗马化(Romanization)

na

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Kabuverdianu

词源(Etymology)

From Portuguese na.

Preposition

na

  1. at
  2. in
  3. on

Karaim

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *na.

感叹语(Interjection)

na

  1. here you are! take it!

Kasem

名词(Noun)

na

  1. water

来源参考(References)


Kikuyu

Particle

na

  1. (instrumental) with[1]
    Gũtema na kanua ti gũtema na rũhiũ.
    To cut with a mouth is not to cut with a knife.
  2. (comitative) and, with[1]
    Ikinya na thĩ itiaganaga.
    The foot and the earth cannot help meeting.
  3. (source) from[1]
    Wega uumaga na mũciĩ.
    Goodness comes from home.
    Synonym: kuuma
  4. but[1]
    Kanua njero, na mũciĩ ndũkomeka nĩ heho.
    The mouth is sweet, but the house is too cold to lie at.

来源参考(References)

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 “na” in Benson, T.G. (1964). Kikuyu-English dictionary, p. 277. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kilivila

名词(Noun)

na

  1. (in compounds) woman

来源参考(References)

  • Gunter Senft (1986), Kilivila: the Language of the Trobriand Islanders. Berlin • New York • Amsterdam: Mouton de Gruyter, p. 372, 591. →ISBN

Ladin

Article

na f

  1. an, a

同义词(Synonyms)

查看更多(See also)


Ladino

感叹语(Interjection)

na (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling נה‎)

  1. here! behold!

Lakota

Conjunction

na

  1. and

Latin

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

  1. imperative singular of , swim!

来源参考(References)


Lingala

词源(Etymology)

Of native Bobangi origin (compare Swahili na), but its functional broadening to "in, at" may be under the influence of West African languages; compare Igbo na, Krio na.

Preposition

na

  1. with, and
  2. in, at
  3. of (form of ya before personal pronouns)

Lower Sorbian

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *na.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

na

  1. (with locative) on, in
  2. (with accusative) on, onto

查看更多(Further reading)

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “na_2”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999), “na”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Luganda

Conjunction

na

  1. and (only used if the overall statement is grammatically negative)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

The Essentials of Luganda, J. D. Chesswas, 4th edition. Oxford University Press: Nairobi. 1967, p. 94.


Mandarin

发音(Pronunciation)

罗马化(Romanization)

na (na5 / na0, Zhuyin ˙ㄋㄚ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of , .
  2. Hanyu Pinyin reading of .

na

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Dutch nāh, from Proto-Germanic *nēhw.

Preposition

na

  1. towards
  2. behind
  3. after, following, later than
  4. in accordance with, based on

副词(Adverb)

na

  1. afterwards, later
  2. close, near
派生词(Descendants)
  • Dutch: na
  • Limburgish: nao

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Dutch *nāh, from Proto-Germanic *nēhwaz.

形容词(Adjective)

  1. close
Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

查看更多(Further reading)


Neapolitan

Feminine form of nu, from Latin ūnus.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • n' (before words starting with a vowel)

词源(Etymology)

From Latin ūna.

Article

na f sg

  1. a, an

Northern Kurdish

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Iranian *ná, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ná, from Proto-Indo-European *ne. Related to ne.

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

na

  1. no

Northern Ndebele

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Bantu *-nɪ̀a.

动词(Verb)

-na

  1. to rain

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Northern Sami

词源(Etymology)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

na

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

查看更多(Further reading)

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[5], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Northern Sotho

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Bantu *-nɪ̀a.

动词(Verb)

na

  1. to rain

Norwegian

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse hana, the accusative form of hon (“she”). Confer with Swedish na. The correct term in Norwegian Bokmål would be henne, and either ho or henne in Norwegian Nynorsk.

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. (dialectal, colloquial) her; object form of ho

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • It is almost without exceptions used as a clitic, and is always unstressed.

查看更多(See also)


Ojibwe

Particle

na

  1. Question marker for yes/no questions. It is always placed after the first word in the sentence. If the first word ends in a vowel, use the particle na; if it ends in a consonant, use ina.

同义词(Synonyms)


Old Czech

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *na.

Preposition

na

  1. on, onto (direction, + accusative case)
    I přivedli oslici a oslátko s ní, i položichu na ně rúcha svá.(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. on (location, + locative case)
  3. for (purpose, + accusative case)
  4. at (in the direction of, + accusative case)

派生词(Descendants)

查看更多(Further reading)


Old English

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

Originally meaning "never." From a contraction of ne (“not”) and ā (“ever”).

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

  1. not, no
    Nis þæt rēad, ac is grēne.
    That's not red, it's green.
    Þæt iċ cwæþ for þon āne þe iċ bet nysse.
    I only said that because I didn't know any better (literally "no better").
    • Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Version B, year 897
      Þȳ ilcan sumora forwearþ lǣs þonne twēntiġ sċipa be þǣm sūðriman.
      That same summer, no less than twenty ships perished on the south coast.
    • c. 990, Wessex Gospels, Matthew 22:17
      Is hit ālīefed þæt man Cāsere gafol selle, þe ?
      Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "The Fifth Sunday in Lent"
      Dryhten nis ōðrum mannum tō wiþmetenne.
      The Lord is not comparable to other people.
  2. (poetic) never

Conjunction

  1. not
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "Midlent"
      Māre wundor is þæt God Ælmihtiġ ǣlce dæġe fētt ealne middanġeard þonne þæt wundor wǣre þæt hē þā ġefylde fīf þūsende manna mid fīf hlāfum—ac þæs wundrodon menn for þȳ þæt hit māre wundor wǣre, ac for þȳ þæt hit wæs unġewunelīċ.
      It's more of a miracle that God Almighty feeds the whole world every day than that he fed five thousand people with five loaves of bread—but that amazed people not because it was more miraculous, but because it was unusual.

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)

查看更多(See also)


Old Frisian

词源1(Etymology 1)

Blend of ne (not) +‎ ā (ever). Akin to Old English .

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

  1. never
派生词(Descendants)
  • West Frisian: nea

Particle

  1. no
派生词(Descendants)
  • Saterland Frisian: noa

词源2(Etymology 2)

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

(+ dative)

  1. Alternative form of nēi

来源参考(References)

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Old Irish

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

Article

na (triggers /h/-prothesis in the feminine genitive singular, in the feminine and neuter nominative plural, and in the accusative plural; triggers eclipsis in the genitive plural)

  1. Aphetic form of inna (the (various inflected forms))

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

na (‘his’ and ‘its’ trigger lenition, ‘her’ triggers /h/-prothesis, ‘their’ triggers eclipsis)

  1. Aphetic form of inna (in his/her/its/their)

词源3(Etymology 3)

发音(Pronunciation)

Determiner

na

  1. neuter nominative/accusative singular of nach (any)

词源4(Etymology 4)

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

na

  1. Alternative spelling of (don’t)

Pali

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源1(Etymology 1)

Inherited from Sanskrit (na).

Particle

na

  1. no, not

词源2(Etymology 2)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

形容词(Adjective)

na

  1. (demonstrative) that
变化形式(Declension)
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • ena (this)
  • (her)

代词(Pronoun)

na m or n

  1. (demonstrative) that
  2. him, it
  3. (in the plural) them
    • 2006, The Fifth Book in the Suttanta-Pitaka: Majjhimanikāya (II)[6], page 558:
      පුන ච පරං භන‍්තෙ, ඉමෙ ඉසිදත‍්තපුරාණා ථපතයො මමභත‍්තා
      මමයානා අහං නෙසං ජීවිතස‍්ස පදාතා යසස‍්ස ආහත‍්තා අථ ච පන
      නො තථා මයි නිපච‍්චාකාරං කරොන‍්ති යථා භගවති.
      Puna ca paraṃ bhante, ime isidattapurāṇā thapatayo mamabhattā
      mamayānā ahaṃ nesaṃ jīvitassa padātā yasassa āhattā atha ca pana
      no tathā mayi nipaccākāraṃ karonti yathā bhagavati.
      Furthermore, sir, these chamberlains Isidatta and Purāṇa share my meals and my carriages. I give them a livelihood and bring them renown. And yet they don’t show me the same level of devotion that they show to the Buddha.
用法注意(Usage notes)

Note that this is not used to reference, explicitly or implicitly, a neuter noun in the plural.

变化形式(Declension)
同义词(Synonyms)

来源参考(References)

Pali Text Society (1921-1925), “na”, in Pali-English Dictionary‎, London: Chipstead


Papiamentu

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Portuguese na and Kabuverdianu na.

Preposition

na

  1. at
  2. in
  3. inside
  4. on

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Dutch naar.

Preposition

na

  1. to
  2. towards

Phalura

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Sanskrit (na, not).

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

na (negating, Perso-Arabic spelling نہ)

  1. not
  2. don't

来源参考(References)

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[7], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “na”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

词源2(Etymology 2)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

na (Perso-Arabic spelling نہ)

  1. no!

来源参考(References)

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[8], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Phuthi

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Bantu *-nɪ̀a.

动词(Verb)

-na

  1. to rain

Inflection

This entry needs an inflection-table template.


Polish

词源(Etymology)

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *na.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

na

  1. (+ locative) on
    Siedzę na koniu.I'm on a horse.
  2. (+ locative) in, at
    Mieszkam na wsi.I live in the countryside.
  3. (+ accusative) onto, on
    Uważaj, zaraz to na mnie spadnie!Watch out, it's going to fall on me!
  4. (+ accusative) to
    Muszę iść na pocztę.I have to go to the post office.
  5. (+ accusative) for, by (a time, date etc.)
    Sprawozdanie ma być gotowe na piątą.The report should be ready by five o'clock.
  6. (+ accusative) for, to deal with
    lek na grypęflu medication
    na zdrowiefor [your] health; cheers; bless you.
  7. (+ accusative) per
    pięć metrów na sekundęfive meters per second
  8. (+ accusative or adverb) in a particular manner
    pasażer na gapęstowaway
    deser na kwaśnosour dessert
  9. (+ accusative, mathematics) onto (surjective)

形容词(Adjective)

na (not comparable)

  1. (mathematics) onto; surjective

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • When used as an adjective, this word is indeclinable, postpositive (when used attributively), and usually placed inside quotation marks, e.g. funkcja „na”.

查看更多(Further reading)

  • na in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • na in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Hyphenation: na

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Portuguese na, clipping of ena, from en (“in”) + a (“the”).

Contraction

na f sg

  1. Contraction of em a (in the): feminine singular of no
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:no.

Preposition

na

  1. at
  2. in

词源2(Etymology 2)

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. Alternative form of a (third-person feminine singular objective pronoun) used as an enclitic following a verb form ending in a nasal vowel or diphthong
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • This form is not found in Brazilian speech.
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:no.


Riantana

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Trans-New Guinea *na. Cognate to Blagar na.

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. I

Romani

词源(Etymology)

From Sanskrit (na, no).

副词(Adverb)

na

  1. not

感叹语(Interjection)

na

  1. right?; tag question

Particle

na

  1. no

来源参考(References)

  • Dieter W. Halwachs (accessed September 19, 2021), “Morphology”, in Romani Projekt Graz[9]
  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “na”, in ニューエクスプレスプラス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Plus Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, published 2021, →ISBN, OCLC 1267332830, page 152

Samoan

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. he / she

查看更多(See also)


Scottish Gaelic

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): (stressed) /na/, (unstressed) /nə/

词源1(Etymology 1)

Univerbation of an (in) +‎ a (his/her).

Preposition

na (+ dative)

  1. (triggers lenition) in his; in its
  2. (triggers H-prothesis) in her; in its
Inflection

词源2(Etymology 2)

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Article

na (triggers H-prothesis)

  1. inflection of an (the):
    1. genitive singular feminine
    2. nominative or dative plural
变化形式(Declension)
Variation of na (definite article)
Masculine Feminine Plural
nom. dat. gen. nom. dat. gen. nom. dat. gen.
+ f- am anL anL na na nam
+ m-, p- or b- am a'L a'L na na nam
+ c- or g- an anL anL na na nan
+ sV-, sl-, sn- or sr- an anT anT na na nan
+ other consonant an an an na na nan
+ vowel anT an an naH naH nan
L Triggers lenition; H Triggers H-prothesis; T Triggers T-prothesis

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old Irish a (that which).

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. all that, that which, whatever

词源4(Etymology 4)

From Old Irish , .

Conjunction

na

  1. or

Etymology 5

From Old Irish indás (than (it) is).

Conjunction

na

  1. than

Etymology 6

Univerbation of an (interrogative particle) +‎ do (past tense particle)

Particle

na

  1. marks an interrogative in the past tense
    Na rinn thu sin?Did you do that?

Etymology 7

From Old Irish .

Particle

na

  1. don’t (particle used to introduce a negative imperative; triggers h-prothesis of a following vowel)
    Na bruidhinn!
    Do not speak!

Serbo-Croatian

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *na.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

na (Cyrillic spelling на)

  1. (+ locative case) on, at, in (with certain nouns, expressing location without a change of position, answering the question gdjȅ/gdȅ; see usage notes below)
    knjiga je na stoluthe book is on the table
    biti na koncertuto be at the concert
    biti na ulicito be in the street
    zv(ij)ezde na nebustars in the sky
  2. (+ locative case) on (indicating medium)
    čuti nešto na radijuto hear something on the radio
  3. (+ accusative case) to, on, onto (with certain nouns, expressing the goal of motion, answering questions kùda (Bosnian, Serbian) or kȁmo (Croatian); see usage notes below)
    staviti knjigu na sto(l)to put a book on the table
    ići na koncertto go to a concert
  4. (+ accusative case) for (with verbs of motion and certain other verbs, to express something which will last for a limited period; after that a reverse action is implied)
    otići nekuda/nekamo na dva danato go somewhere for two days
  5. (+ accusative case) in (used with seasons)
    na l(j)etoin summer, next summer, the following summer
  6. (+ accusative case) noun attribute for permanent properties, such as sources of power or energy, but not including purpose
    krevet na katbunk bed (literally, “bed on story, level”)
    podmornica na atomski pogonnuclear-powered submarine (literally, “submarine (run) on the nuclear power”)
    jaje na okosunny-side up egg (literally, “egg on the eye”)
    ljubav na daljinulong-distance relationship (literally, “love on distance”)
    r(ij)eči na awords ending in a (literally, “words on a”)
  7. (+ accusative case) by, on, through (adverbial phrase of manner)
    ući na prednja vratato enter through the front door (literally, “to enter on the front door”)
    plaćena na satpaid by the hour (literally, “paid on an hour”)
    na brzinuhastily (literally, “on speed”)
    na vr(ij)emeon time
  8. (+ accusative case) indirect object of certain verbs
    vikati na ljudeto yell at people
    pods(j)ećati na nekogto remind of someone
  9. (+ accusative case) a part of certain set expressions, which can be spelled also as one word in Croatian
    na srećuluckily
    na prim(j)erfor example

用法注意(Usage notes)

na is used to indicate the location (with locative) or the goal of motion (with accusative), with:

  • surfaces, either horizontal (table) or vertical (wall), including open spaces such as playgrounds, mountains, islands, most neighborhoods, pictures, the sky
  • activities, such as ručak lunch, odmor vacation, posao work, predavanje lecture, sastanak meeting
  • exposure to the sun, fresh air, wind, rain and snow (na suncu ― in the sun)
  • limits: rub, ivica edge, početak beginning, kraj end, vrh top, dno bottom
  • languages (na engleskom ― in English)
  • with more sea, to express at/to the seaside; with selo village, to express in/to the countryside
  • the noun fakultet

感叹语(Interjection)

na! (Cyrillic spelling на!)

  1. Here you are! Take it!
  2. Help yourself!

Shona

Shona cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : na
    Ordinal : china

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

形容词(Adjective)

-na

  1. four

Inflection


Sicilian

Article

na f sg

  1. (indefinite) a, an

查看更多(See also)

Sicilian articles
Masculine Feminine
indefinite singular un, nu na
definite singular lu, û la, â
definite plural li, î li, î

Slovak

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *na.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

na (followed by locative šiesty pád)

  1. on (location)

na (followed by accusative štvrtý pád)

  1. for (purpose)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • na in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Slovene

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Slavic *na.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

na

  1. (with locative) on (stationary)
  2. (with accusative) onto (motion towards)
  3. (with accusative) at, on (a moment in time)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • na”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Somali

副词(Adverb)

na

  1. moreover

Southern Ndebele

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Bantu *-nɪ̀a.

动词(Verb)

-na

  1. to rain

Inflection

This entry needs an inflection-table template.


Spanish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From enna.

Contraction

na

  1. (obsolete) en la

词源2(Etymology 2)

Representing accents where intervocalic /d/ is lost after a stressed syllable.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. Pronunciation spelling of nada.
衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Sranan Tongo

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Dutch naar.

发音(Pronunciation)

Preposition

na

  1. to

Sumerian

罗马化(Romanization)

na

  1. Romanization of 𒈾 (na)

Swahili

词源(Etymology)

Akin to Lingala na, Luganda na. From Proto-Bantu [Term?]. (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Find Bantu cognates and Proto-Bantu etymon”)

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

na

  1. and
  2. with
  3. by

用法注意(Usage notes)

Older or more conservative Swahili writings only use na to connect two nouns, never to connect two adjectives; the second adjective is changed into an abstract noun instead. However, in modern colloquial Swahili, this is not always the case.

na can be suffixed with special suffixes (for human pronominals) or any -o of reference (for other objects) to inflect it with an object (for example, nayo = "with it"):

Inflection

Object-inflected forms of na:

Pronominals 1s 2s 3s 1p 2p 3p
Object-inflected form nami nawe naye nasi nanyi nao
Classes c1 c2/c3/c11/c14 c4/c6/c9 c5 c7 c8 c10 c15 c16 c17
Object-inflected form naye nao nayo nalo nacho navyo nazo nako napo namo

Swazi

Particle

  1. Interrogative particle; indicates a yes-no question. Placed at the end of the sentence.

Swedish

词源(Etymology)

From Old Swedish hana, accusative form of hon. In standard Swedish, the corresponding dative form (henne, in Old Norse: hænni) instead has taken its place.[1]

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. (dialectal, colloquial) her; accusative/dative of hon
    Jo, jag gav'na brevet.
    Yes, I gave her the letter.

用法注意(Usage notes)

Often merged with previous word. Rarely in written form unless supposed to imitate (dialectal) speech. See also the usage notes for honom.

同义词(Synonyms)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ han in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)

变位词(Anagrams)


Tagalog

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

na

  1. already; now (expresses the event when following a verb)
    Tapos na.
    Finished already.
    Yari na tayo.
    We've now been made.
  2. already; now (declares the event of action when following a verb in the past tense)
    Natulog na.
    Slept already.
    Bumili na.
    Bought already.
  3. already; now (suggests immediate or quick action when following the infinitive form and future tense of the verb)
    Pumasok na tayo.
    Let's go in already.
    Ipinabibili ko na ang gamot.
    I'm having someone buy the medicine now.

形容词(Adjective)

na

  1. already; now (expresses the event when following a noun)
    Bagsak na.
    Failure already.
    Abogado na siya.
    He/She is now a lawyer.
  2. now; already (expresses a shift or change in the performance of a task when following a personal pronoun)
    Ako na.
    My turn.
    (literally, “Me now.”)
    Ikaw na.
    Your turn.
    (literally, “You now.”)
    Siya na.
    His/her turn.
    (literally, “Him/her now.”)

Ligature

na

  1. Connects words, phrases, and sentences: which is; that is; who is
    1. Connects adjectives to nouns.
      May matinis na boses siya.
      He/she has a piercing voice.
      Mahilig ako sa mga matatangkad na lalaki
      I like tall boys.
    2. Connects adverbs to verbs.
      Siya ay mabilis na tumakbo.
      He/she ran fast.
      Malugod ka naming tinatanggap.
      We welcome you.
    3. Connects clauses: that; to
      Masaya ka lang na meron kang pera.
      You're only happy that you have money.
      Magandang ipanggawa ng saranggola.
      Good to use to make a kite.
    4. Connects quantifiers (mayroon and wala only uses -ng)
      Tanang PilipinoEvery Filipino.
      Mayroon kang kanin sa pisngi mo
      You have rice on your cheeks.
      Apat na palo.Four sticks.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • na becomes the -ng suffix if the preceding word ends in a vowel.
    Magandang bulaklak
    Pretty flower
    Biglang nagsalita siya.
    He/She suddenly spoke.
  • Words ending in -n will become -ng (-g)
    Dayuhang turista
    Foreign tourist
    Siya ay dahan-dahang pumunta doon.
    He/She carefully went there.

查看更多(See also)


Tày

发音(Pronunciation)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Tai *ʰnaːᴬ (thick). Cognate with Lao ໜາ (), ᦐᦱ (ṅaa), Shan ၼႃ (nǎa), Ahom 𑜃𑜡 (), Bouyei nal, Zhuang na, Thai หนา (nǎa).

形容词(Adjective)

na (,𪿣)

  1. thick
    phải nathick fabric
    律𪫆𥿯[]
    Loảt mừa phải tắm na
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    遮敏詩
    Gụm na già mắn thí
    With a thick [layer of] protection, it will be firmly covered.
  2. bold, brave
    nả nashameless, bold

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  • Hoàng Văn Ma; Lục Văn Pảo; Hoàng Chí (2006) Từ điển Tày-Nùng-Việt [Tay-Nung-Vietnamese dictionary] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Từ điển Bách khoa Hà Nội
  • Lương Bèn (2011) Từ điển Tày-Việt [Tay-Vietnamese dictionary]‎[[10][11]] (in Vietnamese), Thái Nguyên: Nhà Xuất bản Đại học Thái Nguyên
  • Lục Văn Pảo; Hoàng Tuấn Nam (2003), Hoàng Triều Ân, editor, Từ điển chữ Nôm Tày [A Dictionary of (chữ) Nôm Tày]‎[12] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Khoa học Xã hội

Tok Pisin

词源(Etymology)

From English and.

Conjunction

na

  1. and
    • 1995, John Verhaar, Toward a reference grammar of Tok Pisin: an experiment in corpus linguistics[13], →ISBN, page 433:
      Mekim olsem pinis, orait tupela i planim taro na banana, na kumu, painap, kon, tomato, na kaukau tu.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1986, John Hunter, “Vocabulary”, in Papua New Guinea phrasebook[14], →ISBN, page 60:
      and - na
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Turkish

词源(Etymology)

From Russian на (na) or Ukrainian на (na).

感叹语(Interjection)

na

  1. (dialect, Trabzon, Rize) here it is! take it!
    Synonym: işte!

Tzotzil

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

na

  1. house

Inflection

衍生词(Derived terms)

(Nouns)

  • ti' na

来源参考(References)


Unami

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. that (animate)

Venda

Conjunction

na

  1. and
  2. with

Venetian

Article

na f sg

  1. a, an

Vietnamese

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

(classifier cây, trái, quả) na (𦰡)

  1. (Northern Vietnam) sugar apple (Annona squamosa)
    Synonym: mãng cầu

变位词(Anagrams)


Welsh

词源1(Etymology 1)

Cognate with Old Irish nach,[1] ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ne (negative particle) + *-kʷe (and).

发音(Pronunciation)

感叹语(Interjection)

na

  1. no

Particle

na

  1. not (in answers and tag questions)
  2. don’t (in prohibitions)
用法注意(Usage notes)

Triggers mixed (aspirate or soft) mutation of a following consonant. When the following consonant is g, which disappears under soft mutation, the form na remains; it does not become nag, the form used before vowels. Thus na + gallan becomes na allan, not *nag allan.

替代形式(Alternative forms)
  • nag (used before a vowel)

Conjunction

na

  1. thatnot (introduces a negative noun clause)
    Mae e’n dweud na fydd e’n mynd.
    He says that he will not go.
替代形式(Alternative forms)
  • nad (used before a vowel, or where an element is fronted for emphasis)
查看更多(See also)
  • y (affirmative)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Variant of no(g),[2] probably from rebracketing of the comparative “*-achn o” as “-ach no”.[3]

发音(Pronunciation)

Conjunction

na (triggers mixed mutation)

  1. than
  2. neither, nor
替代形式(Alternative forms)
  • nag (used before a vowel)

词源3(Etymology 3)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

na

  1. Soft mutation of gna.

动词(Verb)

na (not mutable)

  1. first-person singular future colloquial of gwneud

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gna na ngna unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

词源4(Etymology 4)

形容词(Adjective)

na

  1. Nasal mutation of da.

名词(Noun)

na

  1. Nasal mutation of da.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
da dda na unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “na”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  2. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “no”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  3. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, §§ 113 i (1), 147 iv (3)

Westrobothnian

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Norse nakkvart.

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

na

  1. somewhat
    rit nona högt ópp i värä tornä däna
    That tower rises fairly high up in the air.
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Norse hana.

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. her

Xhosa

词源1(Etymology 1)

Particle

  1. Interrogative particle; indicates a yes-no question. Placed at the end of the sentence.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Bantu *-nɪ̀a.

动词(Verb)

-na

  1. (intransitive) to rain
Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Yola

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English na, from nan (“none”), from Old English nān. Cognates include English no and Scots nae.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

Determiner

na

  1. no

Particle

na

  1. no

词源2(Etymology 2)

感叹语(Interjection)

na

  1. Alternative form of naay
    • 1867, “A YOLA ZONG”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 9:
      Na, now or neveare! w' cry't t' Tommeen,
      Nay, now or never! we cry'd to Tommy,

词源3(Etymology 3)

副词(Adverb)

na

  1. Alternative form of no (not)
    • 1867, “CASTEALE CUDDE'S LAMENTATION”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 4:
      Hea pryet ich mought na ha chicke or hen,
      He prayed I might not have chicken nor hen,

词源4(Etymology 4)

Borrowed from Irish na.

Article

na

  1. of the
    • 1867, CONGRATULATORY ADDRESS IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, line 4:
      na coshe an loyale dwellerès na Baronie Forthe,
      both faithful and loyal inhabitants of the Barony of Forth,

来源参考(References)

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 58, 88, 104 & 114

Yoruba

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (high-tone): IPA(key): /nã́/
  • (mid-tone): IPA(key): /nã̄/
  • (low-tone): IPA(key): /nã̀/

词源1(Etymology 1)

动词(Verb)

  1. to beat; to hit; to smack
    Synonym:
    Ó án ní pàṣánShe beat him with a whip
  2. to defeat
    Synonym: borí
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • na before a direct object.
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • ìnàkunà (severe beating)
  • nani (to beat a person)
  • na pápá bora
  • nínà (beating)

词源2(Etymology 2)

动词(Verb)

  1. to spend
    Synonym: náwó (to spend money)
    Àníkẹ́ ń owó nínàákúkàáAnike is spending money extravagently
  2. to cost
    Ó mi ní ogún náírà péréIt only cost me 20 naira
    Ó lè máa wọn tó ẹgbẹ̀rún dọ́làIt may cost them up to a thousand dollars
  3. to haggle; to bargain
    Synonyms: yọwó, nájà
    Ìyá mi ń bá oníkiri My mother's haggling with the hawker
    1. to trade; to go to the market
      Synonym: nájà
      Mo ọjà Mọ́kọ́láI trade at Mokola market
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • dúnàádúrà (to negociate)
  • ìnákúnàá (misspending)
  • nájà (to haggle; to trade)
  • náwó (to spend money)
  • ọjà níná (haggling)

词源3(Etymology 3)

动词(Verb)

  1. to stretch; to raise
    Mo na ọwọ́ mi dì í múI stretched out my hand to grasp it
    Àwòdì na ìyẹ́ rẹ̀, kí ó sì fò lọThe hawk spread its wings and flew away
  2. to aim; to point
    Ọlọ́pàá na ìbọn sí wọn lójúThe police pointed a gun in their face
用法注意(Usage notes)
  • na before a direct object.
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • nàka (to point one's finger)
  • nasẹ̀ (to introduce)
  • nawọ́ (to stretch one's hand)
  • nàyìn (to stretch one's back)

Zaghawa

发音(Pronunciation)

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. you (singular); thou
    Na dô neygini? : Are you tired?

来源参考(References)


Zhuang

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Tai *ʰnaːᴬ (thick). Cognate with Thai หนา (nǎa), Lao ໜາ (), ᦐᦱ (ṅaa), Shan ၼႃ (nǎa), Ahom 𑜃𑜡 (), Bouyei nal.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

na (Sawndip forms 𭆗 or or 𭡇 or 𦀨, old orthography na)

  1. thick (with opposite surfaces far apart)
    Antonym: mbang
  2. (of vegetation) dense; thick

Zia

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Trans-New Guinea *na. Cognate to Blagar na.

代词(Pronoun)

na

  1. I (first person pronoun singular)

Zou

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *naa, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *na. Cognates include Tibetan (na) and Burmese နာ (na).

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

na

  1. ill

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *hnaar, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-na. Cognates include Tibetan སྣ (sna) and Burmese နှာ (hna).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

na

  1. nose

来源参考(References)

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, pages 40, 47

Zulu

词源1(Etymology 1)

Possibly from na-.

发音(Pronunciation)

Particle

na

  1. Interrogative particle; indicates a yes-no question. Placed at the end of the sentence.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Proto-Bantu *-nɪ̀a.

发音(Pronunciation)

IPA(key): /na/

动词(Verb)

-na

  1. (intransitive) to rain
Inflection
Tone L
Infinitive ukuna
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuna ukungani
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yina -ne
Plural yinani -neni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyana, ngina enginayo, engina ngina angini engingani ngingani
2nd singular uyana, una onayo, ona una awuni ongani ungani
1st plural siyana, sina esinayo, esina sina asini esingani singani
2nd plural niyana, nina eninayo, enina nina anini eningani ningani
Class 1 uyana, una onayo, ona ena akani ongani engani
Class 2 bayana, bana abanayo, abana bena abani abangani bengani
Class 3 uyana, una onayo, ona una awuni ongani ungani
Class 4 iyana, ina enayo, ena ina ayini engani ingani
Class 5 liyana, lina elinayo, elina lina alini elingani lingani
Class 6 ayana, ana anayo, ana ena awani angani engani
Class 7 siyana, sina esinayo, esina sina asini esingani singani
Class 8 ziyana, zina ezinayo, ezina zina azini ezingani zingani
Class 9 iyana, ina enayo, ena ina ayini engani ingani
Class 10 ziyana, zina ezinayo, ezina zina azini ezingani zingani
Class 11 luyana, luna olunayo, oluna luna aluni olungani lungani
Class 14 buyana, buna obunayo, obuna buna abuni obungani bungani
Class 15 kuyana, kuna okunayo, okuna kuna akuni okungani kungani
Class 17 kuyana, kuna okunayo, okuna kuna akuni okungani kungani
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginile, nginē enginile, enginē nginile, nginē anginanga engingananga ngingananga
2nd singular unile, unē onile, onē unile, unē awunanga ongananga ungananga
1st plural sinile, sinē esinile, esinē sinile, sinē asinanga esingananga singananga
2nd plural ninile, ninē eninile, eninē ninile, ninē aninanga eningananga ningananga
Class 1 unile, unē onile, onē enile, enē akananga ongananga engananga
Class 2 banile, banē abanile, abanē benile, benē abananga abangananga bengananga
Class 3 unile, unē onile, onē unile, unē awunanga ongananga ungananga
Class 4 inile, inē enile, enē inile, inē ayinanga engananga ingananga
Class 5 linile, linē elinile, elinē linile, linē alinanga elingananga lingananga
Class 6 anile, anē anile, anē enile, enē awananga angananga engananga
Class 7 sinile, sinē esinile, esinē sinile, sinē asinanga esingananga singananga
Class 8 zinile, zinē ezinile, ezinē zinile, zinē azinanga ezingananga zingananga
Class 9 inile, inē enile, enē inile, inē ayinanga engananga ingananga
Class 10 zinile, zinē ezinile, ezinē zinile, zinē azinanga ezingananga zingananga
Class 11 lunile, lunē olunile, olunē lunile, lunē alunanga olungananga lungananga
Class 14 bunile, bunē obunile, obunē bunile, bunē abunanga obungananga bungananga
Class 15 kunile, kunē okunile, okunē kunile, kunē akunanga okungananga kungananga
Class 17 kunile, kunē okunile, okunē kunile, kunē akunanga okungananga kungananga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāna engāna ngāna anginanga engingananga ngingananga
2nd singular wāna owāna wāna awunanga ongananga ungananga
1st plural sāna esāna sāna asinanga esingananga singananga
2nd plural nāna enāna nāna aninanga eningananga ningananga
Class 1 wāna owāna āna akananga ongananga engananga
Class 2 bāna abāna bāna abananga abangananga bengananga
Class 3 wāna owāna wāna awunanga ongananga ungananga
Class 4 yāna eyāna yāna ayinanga engananga ingananga
Class 5 lāna elāna lāna alinanga elingananga lingananga
Class 6 āna āna āna awananga angananga engananga
Class 7 sāna esāna sāna asinanga esingananga singananga
Class 8 zāna ezāna zāna azinanga ezingananga zingananga
Class 9 yāna eyāna yāna ayinanga engananga ingananga
Class 10 zāna ezāna zāna azinanga ezingananga zingananga
Class 11 lwāna olwāna lwāna alunanga olungananga lungananga
Class 14 bāna obāna bāna abunanga obungananga bungananga
Class 15 kwāna okwāna kwāna akunanga okungananga kungananga
Class 17 kwāna okwāna kwāna akunanga okungananga kungananga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingana ngingana ngingene ngingene
2nd singular ungana ungana ungene ungene
1st plural singana singana singene singene
2nd plural ningana ningana ningene ningene
Class 1 angana engana angene engene
Class 2 bangana bengana bangene bengene
Class 3 ungana ungana ungene ungene
Class 4 ingana ingana ingene ingene
Class 5 lingana lingana lingene lingene
Class 6 angana engana angene engene
Class 7 singana singana singene singene
Class 8 zingana zingana zingene zingene
Class 9 ingana ingana ingene ingene
Class 10 zingana zingana zingene zingene
Class 11 lungana lungana lungene lungene
Class 14 bungana bungana bungene bungene
Class 15 kungana kungana kungene kungene
Class 17 kungana kungana kungene kungene
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokuna engizokuna ngizokuna angizukuna engingezukuna ngingezukuna
2nd singular uzokuna ozokuna uzokuna awuzukuna ongezukuna ungezukuna
1st plural sizokuna esizokuna sizokuna asizukuna esingezukuna singezukuna
2nd plural nizokuna enizokuna nizokuna anizukuna eningezukuna ningezukuna
Class 1 uzokuna ozokuna ezokuna akazukuna ongezukuna engezukuna
Class 2 bazokuna abazokuna bezokuna abazukuna abangezukuna bengezukuna
Class 3 uzokuna ozokuna uzokuna awuzukuna ongezukuna ungezukuna
Class 4 izokuna ezokuna izokuna ayizukuna engezukuna ingezukuna
Class 5 lizokuna elizokuna lizokuna alizukuna elingezukuna lingezukuna
Class 6 azokuna azokuna ezokuna awazukuna angezukuna engezukuna
Class 7 sizokuna esizokuna sizokuna asizukuna esingezukuna singezukuna
Class 8 zizokuna ezizokuna zizokuna azizukuna ezingezukuna zingezukuna
Class 9 izokuna ezokuna izokuna ayizukuna engezukuna ingezukuna
Class 10 zizokuna ezizokuna zizokuna azizukuna ezingezukuna zingezukuna
Class 11 luzokuna oluzokuna luzokuna aluzukuna olungezukuna lungezukuna
Class 14 buzokuna obuzokuna buzokuna abuzukuna obungezukuna bungezukuna
Class 15 kuzokuna okuzokuna kuzokuna akuzukuna okungezukuna kungezukuna
Class 17 kuzokuna okuzokuna kuzokuna akuzukuna okungezukuna kungezukuna
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokuna engiyokuna ngiyokuna angiyukuna engingeyukuna ngingeyukuna
2nd singular uyokuna oyokuna uyokuna awuyukuna ongeyukuna ungeyukuna
1st plural siyokuna esiyokuna siyokuna asiyukuna esingeyukuna singeyukuna
2nd plural niyokuna eniyokuna niyokuna aniyukuna eningeyukuna ningeyukuna
Class 1 uyokuna oyokuna eyokuna akayukuna ongeyukuna engeyukuna
Class 2 bayokuna abayokuna beyokuna abayukuna abangeyukuna bengeyukuna
Class 3 uyokuna oyokuna uyokuna awuyukuna ongeyukuna ungeyukuna
Class 4 iyokuna eyokuna iyokuna ayiyukuna engeyukuna ingeyukuna
Class 5 liyokuna eliyokuna liyokuna aliyukuna elingeyukuna lingeyukuna
Class 6 ayokuna ayokuna eyokuna awayukuna angeyukuna engeyukuna
Class 7 siyokuna esiyokuna siyokuna asiyukuna esingeyukuna singeyukuna
Class 8 ziyokuna eziyokuna ziyokuna aziyukuna ezingeyukuna zingeyukuna
Class 9 iyokuna eyokuna iyokuna ayiyukuna engeyukuna ingeyukuna
Class 10 ziyokuna eziyokuna ziyokuna aziyukuna ezingeyukuna zingeyukuna
Class 11 luyokuna oluyokuna luyokuna aluyukuna olungeyukuna lungeyukuna
Class 14 buyokuna obuyokuna buyokuna abuyukuna obungeyukuna bungeyukuna
Class 15 kuyokuna okuyokuna kuyokuna akuyukuna okungeyukuna kungeyukuna
Class 17 kuyokuna okuyokuna kuyokuna akuyukuna okungeyukuna kungeyukuna
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngine ngingani
2nd singular une ungani
1st plural sine singani
2nd plural nine ningani
Class 1 ane angani
Class 2 bane bangani
Class 3 une ungani
Class 4 ine ingani
Class 5 line lingani
Class 6 ane angani
Class 7 sine singani
Class 8 zine zingani
Class 9 ine ingani
Class 10 zine zingani
Class 11 lune lungani
Class 14 bune bungani
Class 15 kune kungani
Class 17 kune kungani
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngana ngangana, angana, angangana
2nd singular wana wangana, awana, awangana
1st plural sana sangana, asana, asangana
2nd plural nana nangana, anana, anangana
Class 1 wana wangana, akana, akangana
Class 2 bana bangana, abana, abangana
Class 3 wana wangana, awana, awangana
Class 4 yana yangana, ayana, ayangana
Class 5 lana langana, alana, alangana
Class 6 ana angana, awana, awangana
Class 7 sana sangana, asana, asangana
Class 8 zana zangana, azana, azangana
Class 9 yana yangana, ayana, ayangana
Class 10 zana zangana, azana, azangana
Class 11 lwana lwangana, alwana, alwangana
Class 14 bana bangana, abana, abangana
Class 15 kwana kwangana, akwana, akwangana
Class 17 kwana kwangana, akwana, akwangana

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)


本页面最后更新于2022-12-04 07:01,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器