万维词典

【oil】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: óil, òil, oïl, and -oil

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: oil, IPA(key): /ɔɪl/, [ɔɪɫ]
  • Homophone: Oi'll
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪl

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English oyle, oile (olive oil), borrowed from Anglo-Norman olie, from Latin oleum (oil, olive oil), from Ancient Greek ἔλαιον (élaion, olive oil), from ἐλαία (elaía, olive). More at olive. Supplanted Middle English ele (oil), from Old English ele (oil), also from Latin.

名词(Noun)

oil (countable and uncountable, plural oils)

  1. Liquid fat.
  2. Petroleum-based liquid used as fuel or lubricant.
    • 2013 August 3, “Yesterday’s fuel”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      The dawn of the oil age was fairly recent. Although the stuff was used to waterproof boats in the Middle East 6,000 years ago, extracting it in earnest began only in 1859 after an oil strike in Pennsylvania. The first barrels of crude fetched $18 (around $450 at today’s prices). It was used to make kerosene, the main fuel for artificial lighting after overfishing led to a shortage of whale blubber.
  3. (countable) An oil painting.
    • 1973, John Ulric Nef, Search for meaning: the autobiography of a nonconformist, page 89:
      Yet, in another way, I was unable to put Picasso's oils in the same class as Cezanne's, or even (which will no doubt shock many readers) as Renoir's.
  4. (painting) Oil paint.
    I prefer to paint in oil
  5. (attributive) Containing oil, conveying oil; intended for or capable of containing oil.
    oil barrel; oil pipe
    • 1884, Trade News, “A one-wheel Nantucket vehicle”, in The Automotive Manufacturer[1], page 372:
      Such a vehicle is made by taking any old barrel (usually an oil barrel, but the one selected for our sketch was one that once contained Valentine’s varnish) and through each head of the barrel an inch hole is bored, and an iron bar is driven through, leaving the ends projecting about eight inches.
衍生词(Derived terms)
Terms derived from the noun oil
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English oilen, oylen, from the noun (see above).

动词(Verb)

oil (third-person singular simple present oils, present participle oiling, simple past and past participle oiled)

  1. (transitive) To lubricate with oil.
    • 1900, L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Chapter 23:
      Before they went to see Glinda, however, they were taken to a room of the Castle, where Dorothy washed her face and combed her hair, and the Lion shook the dust out of his mane, and the Scarecrow patted himself into his best shape, and the Woodman polished his tin and oiled his joints.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 17, in The China Governess[2]:
      The face which emerged was not reassuring.  [] . He was not a mongol but there was a deficiency of a sort there, and it was not made more pretty by a latter-day hair cut which involved eccentrically long elf-locks and oiled black curls.
  2. (transitive) To grease with oil for cooking.
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

变位词(Anagrams)


Irish

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Irish ail, oil (disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching; blemish, defect).

名词(Noun)

oil f (genitive singular oile)

  1. (literary) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching
  2. (literary) blemish, defect
变化形式(Declension)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Irish ailid, oilid (nourishes, rears, fosters) (compare altram (fosterage), from a verbal noun of ailid).

动词(Verb)

oil (present analytic oileann, future analytic oilfidh, verbal noun oiliúint, past participle oilte)

  1. (transitive) nourish, rear, foster
    Proverb:
    Gach dalta mar a oiltear.Every fosterling as it is reared.
  2. (transitive) train, educate
    lámh oiltepractised hand
动词变化形式(Conjugation)

词源3(Etymology 3)

名词(Noun)

oil f (genitive singular oileach, nominative plural oileacha)

  1. Alternative form of ail (stone, rock)
变化形式(Declension)

词源4(Etymology 4)

动词(Verb)

oil (present analytic oileann, future analytic oilfidh, verbal noun oiliúint, past participle oilte)

  1. (intransitive) Alternative form of oir (suit, fit, become)
动词变化形式(Conjugation)

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
oil n-oil hoil not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

查看更多(Further reading)


中古英语(Middle English)

名词(Noun)

oil

  1. Alternative form of oyle

Old French

词源1(Etymology 1)

From o +‎ il, possibly from:

In any case, an elliptical phrase of response, by semantic erosion/grammaticalization possibly calqued on Gaulish: compare Portuguese and Spanish isso and eso (yes, yeah, literally this), Celtic languages such as Old Irish (yes), Welsh do (indeed), from *tod (this, that).[4]

Compare with Old French o, ou, oc, ec, euc, uoc, Old Occitan oc (Occitan òc), all from the simple Latin hoc.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • oïl (almost always used by scholars to disambiguate with other meanings)

发音(Pronunciation)

副词(Adverb)

oil

  1. yes

感叹语(Interjection)

oil

  1. yes

派生词(Descendants)

  • French: oui
    • English: oui
    • Maori: Wīwī (France)
  • Norman: oui (Guernsey)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ Languages Within Language, by Ivan Fonagy, page 66
  2. ^ oui” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
  3. ^ Trésor de la Langue Française informatisé at atilf.fr; select “OÏL”
  4. ^ Peter Schrijver, Studies in the History of Celtic Pronouns and Particles, Maynooth, 1997, 15.

词源2(Etymology 2)

See ueil.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

oil m (oblique plural ouz or oilz, nominative singular ouz or oilz, nominative plural oil)

  1. Alternative form of ueil

Simeulue

名词(Noun)

oil

  1. water
  2. sap

来源参考(References)

  • Blust's Austronesian Comparative Dictionary

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