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【orange】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Orange and orangé

英语(English)

Various shades of orange.
Some oranges (the fruits).
An orange tree.

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English orenge, orange, from Old French pome orenge (fruit orange), influenced by Old Occitan auranja and calqued from Old Italian melarancio, melarancia, compound of mela (apple) and (n)arancia (orange), from Arabic نَارَنْج(nāranj), from Persian نارنگ(nârang), from Sanskrit नारङ्ग (nāraṅga, orange tree), from Dravidian (compare Tamil நார்த்தங்காய் (nārttaṅkāy), compound of நரந்தம் (narantam, fragrance) and காய் (kāy, fruit); also Telugu నారంగము (nāraṅgamu), Malayalam നാരങ്ങ (nāraṅṅa), Kannada ನಾರಂಗಿ (nāraṅgi)).

For other similar cases of the incorrect division (or, elision/rebracketing) of the above Italian word, but in English, see Category:English rebracketings.

For the color sense, see Old English ġeolurēad (literally yellow-red); compare English blue-green.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

orange (countable and uncountable, plural oranges)

  1. (countable) An evergreen tree of the genus Citrus such as Citrus sinensis.
  2. (countable) The fruit of the orange tree; a citrus fruit with a slightly sour flavour.
  3. The colour of a ripe fruit of an orange tree, midway between red and yellow.
    orange:  
    Synonym: yellowred (uncommon)
  4. Various drinks:
    1. (uncountable) Orange juice.
    2. (uncountable) An orange-coloured and orange-flavoured cordial.
    3. (uncountable) An orange-coloured and orange-flavoured soft drink.

用法注意(Usage notes)

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Esperanto: oranĝo
  • Japanese: オレンジ (orenji)
  • Korean: 오렌지 (orenji)
  • Malay: oren
  • Marshallese: oran

翻译(Translations)

形容词(Adjective)

orange (comparative oranger or more orange, superlative orangest or most orange)

  1. Having the colour of the fruit of an orange tree; yellowred; reddish-yellow.

反义词(Antonyms)

翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

orange (third-person singular simple present oranges, present participle oranging, simple past and past participle oranged)

  1. (transitive) To color orange.
    • 1986, Gilles Deleuze, Cinema: The movement-image, page 118:
      It is this composition which reaches a colourist perfection in Le Bonheur with the complementarity of violet, purple and oranged gold
    • 1987, Harold Keith, Rifles for Watie, page 256:
      Jeff winked his eyes sleepily open and looked out into the cool flush of early morning. The east was oranged over with daybreak.
    • 2009, Suzanne Crowley, The Very Ordered Existence of Merilee Marvelous, page 117:
      I looked at him through my binoculars, his little lips oranged with Cheeto dust.
  2. (intransitive) To become orange.
    • 2007, Terézia Mora, Day in day out, page 296:
      Cranes in the distance against the background of the slowly oranging sky
    • 2008, Wanda Coleman, (Please provide the book title or journal name), page 14:
      It will be followed by a disappearance of the cash I had hidden in a sealed envelope behind the oranging Modigliani print over the living room couch.
    • 2010, Justin Cronin, The Passage, page 330:
      "What about his eyes?" / "Nothing. No oranging at all, from what I could see.

查看更多(See also)

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     white      gray, grey      black
             red; crimson              orange; brown              yellow; cream
             lime              green              mint
             cyan; teal              azure, sky blue              blue
             violet; indigo              magenta; purple              pink

来源参考(References)

变位词(Anagrams)


French

词源(Etymology)

Short form of late Old French pume orenge or pomme d'orenge, which was calqued after Old Italian melarancia (mela + arancia). The o came into the word under influence of the place name Orange, from where these fruits came to the north. See orange (English).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

orange f (plural oranges)

  1. orange (fruit)
    Il pressa l’orange afin d’en extraire du jus.
    He squeezed the orange to extract juice from it.

派生词(Descendants)

名词(Noun)

orange m (plural oranges)

  1. orange (color)

衍生词(Derived terms)

形容词(Adjective)

orange (invariable)

  1. orange
    Les premiers TGV atlantiques étaient orange.
    The first Atlantic TGV trains were orange.

用法注意(Usage notes)

While theoretically the adjective orange is invariable, being (originally) a colour name derived from a noun, the nonstandard plural oranges is in use.

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(See also)

Colors in French · couleurs (layout · text)
     blanc      gris      noir
             rouge; cramoisi              orange; brun              jaune; crème
             vert citron              vert              menthe
             cyan; bleu canard              azur              bleu
             violet; indigo              magenta; pourpre              rose

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


German

词源(Etymology)

From the noun Orange (orange fruit), from French orange.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (predicative only) IPA(key): /oˈʁãːʃ/, /oˈʁaŋʃ/, /oˈʁɔ̃ːʃ/, /oˈʁɔŋʃ/
  • (non-predicative feminine and plural forms) IPA(key): /oˈʁãːʒə/, /oˈʁaŋʒə/, /oˈʁɔ̃ːʒə/, /oˈʁɔŋʒə/

形容词(Adjective)

orange (comparative oranger or orangener, superlative am orangesten or am orangensten)

  1. orange

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • The adjective has two sets of forms. In the formal standard language, endings are added directly to the stem (orang-). In less formal style and in the vernacular, another set of forms is used in free variation, in which an -n- is infixed before the endings.
  • It is also officially correct to leave the adjective entirely undeclined. This usage is rare, however, and seems dated.

变化形式(Declension)

Standard forms
Colloquial forms

查看更多(Further reading)


Luxembourgish

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from French orange.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /oˈʁɑ̃ːʃ/

形容词(Adjective)

orange (masculine orangen, neuter oranget, comparative méi orange, superlative am orangesten)

  1. orange

变化形式(Declension)

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

查看更多(See also)

Colors in Luxembourgish · Faarwen (layout · text)
     wäiss      gro      schwaarz
             rout              orange; brong              giel
                          gréng             
                          himmelblo              blo
             violett; indigo              magenta; mof              rosa

中古英语(Middle English)

名词(Noun)

orange

  1. Alternative form of orenge

Norman

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Old French.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

orange m or f

  1. (Jersey, Guernsey) orange

Swedish

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from French orange. See English orange.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ʊˈranɕ/, /ʊˈraŋɧ/

形容词(Adjective)

orange

  1. orange
    Hon har långt, orange hår.
    She has long, orange hair.

变化形式(Declension)

Inflection of orange
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular orange orangeare orangeaste
Neuter singular orange orangeare orangeaste
Plural orange orangeare orangeaste
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 orange orangeare orangeaste
All orange orangeare orangeaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
Less common:
Inflection of orange
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular orange orangeare orangeaste
Neuter singular oranget orangeare orangeaste
Plural orangea orangeare orangeaste
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 orange orangeare orangeaste
All orangea orangeare orangeaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
Inflection of orange
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular orange orangare orangast
Neuter singular orangt orangare orangast
Plural oranga orangare orangast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 orange orangare orangaste
All oranga orangare orangaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

名词(Noun)

orange ?

  1. orange (color)

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