万维词典

【predicative】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

predicate +‎ -ive

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈpɹɛ.dɪ.kə.tɪv/, /ˈpɹɛ.də.kə.tɪv/

形容词(Adjective)

predicative (not comparable)

  1. (grammar, of an adjectival or nominal phrase) Modifying a noun while in a predicate phrase, which predicate phrase is other than the noun phrase and occurs after a verb, as a predicate; contrasted with attributive.
    In the sentence, ‘This house is big’, ‘big’ is predicative, whereas in ‘This is a big house’, it is attributive.
    Compound adjectives are typically hyphenated in attributive position (for example, 'a high-quality scan is a must'), whereas in predicative position, many house styles specify open styling (for example, 'this scan is high quality.'

反义词(Antonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

predicative (plural predicatives)

  1. (grammar) An element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb. Predicatives may be nominal or adjectival.
  2. (grammar) In some languages, a special part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being.
    • 1957, Benson, Morton, “The Problem of Predicatives in Russian”, in The Slavic and East European Journal, volume 1, number 4, DOI:10.2307/304306, ISSN 0037-6752, JSTOR 304306, page 285:
      A predicative in Russian is an uninflected word that regularly constitutes a complete utterance when standing alone, i.e., when preceded and followed by silence.
    • 2013, Say, Sergey, “On the Nature of Dative Arguments in Russian Constructions with “Predicatives””, in Kor Chahine, I., editor, Current Studies in Slavic Linguistics (Studies in Language Companion Series), page 226:
      Traditional grammars usually differentiate between neuter short adjectives and predicatives based on whether there is an overt nominative subject; hence курение вредно ‘smoking (noun) is harmful’ is viewed as a clause with nominative subject, zero copula and neuter short form adjective that agrees with the subject in gender, whereas курить вредно (same meaning, literally ‘to smoke is harmful’) is often viewed as an impersonal clause with predicative.
Examples
  • He seems nice. (adjectival predicative of the subject)
  • Bob is a postman. (nominal predicative of the subject)
  • We painted the door white. (adjectival predicative of the object)
  • They elected him president. (nominal predicative of the object)

翻译(Translations)


Italian

形容词(Adjective)

predicative

  1. feminine plural of predicativo

变位词(Anagrams)


本页面最后更新于2022-04-26 15:28,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器