万维词典

【pregar】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From Old Occitan, from Vulgar Latin *precāre, from Latin precārī, present active infinitive of precor.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

pregar (first-person singular present prego, past participle pregat)

  1. to pray, ask humbly (to a person)
  2. to pray (to God)

用法注意(Usage notes)

In its religious sense, the verb pregar is now less common than resar, especially when speaking of non-Christian religions.

动词变化形式(Conjugation)

as cantar, except that the g of the radical becomes gu before e or i in the ending

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)


Galician

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese pregar, a semi-learned term taken from Latin plicāre, present active infinitive of plicō (I fold). See also chegar, an inherited doublet.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

pregar (first-person singular present prego, first-person singular preterite preguei, past participle pregado)

  1. (transitive) to fold
  2. (transitive, dated) to nail
  3. (of fire) to fire, burn
动词变化形式(Conjugation)
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • preganza

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese pregar (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Vulgar Latin *precāre, from Latin precārī, present active infinitive of precor.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

pregar (first-person singular present prego, first-person singular preterite preguei, past participle pregado)

  1. to pray, ask humbly (to a person)
  2. to pray (to God)
动词变化形式(Conjugation)
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese preegar, from Latin praedicāre, present active infinitive of praedicō (I proclaim). Doublet of predicar.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

pregar (first-person singular present prego, first-person singular preterite preguei, past participle pregado)

  1. (archaic) to preach; to proclaim
    • 1390, J. L. Pensado Tomé (ed.), Os Miragres de Santiago. Madrid: C.S.I.C., page 47:
      Quando aquel Ihesus, meu señor, ya por la terras preegar, eu avia de moy grãde amor et soydade de veer a sua façe et quigi mãdar pintar a semelança do seu rrostro, que era a mays fremosa criatura do mũdo, en hũu pano por fillar cõ ela prazer et cõforto quando o vise; et querendoo fazer cõteyllo todo, et el pediome o pano et posoo ẽna sua cara et doumo encayado cõ tal figura cal era o seu santo rrostro;
      When that Jesus, my Lord, was going about the lands preaching, I had, because of how big was my love, longing for seeing His face; and I wanted to order a paint after His face, which was the most beautiful creation in the world, in a cloth, for having joy and confort whenever I saw it; and wanting to do it I told him, and He asked me for the cloth, put it on His face and gave it back to me stuck with a figure that was no other than His holy face;
动词变化形式(Conjugation)
衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

  • pregar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • preegar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • preg” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • preeg” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • pregar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • pregar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • pregar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Ido

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from French prierItalian pregare. Compare Esperanto preĝi.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

pregar (present tense pregas, past tense pregis, future tense pregos, imperative pregez, conditional pregus)

  1. (transitive, religion) to pray (to)
  2. (transitive) to beg, entreat, beseech

动词变化形式(Conjugation)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • dicar prego (to say a prayer)
  • facar prego (to say a prayer)
  • me pregas (I pray, I beg; if you please)
  • pregolibro (prayer book)
  • pregostulo (praying chair, praying desk)

查看更多(See also)

  • suplikar

Occitan

词源(Etymology)

From Old Occitan pregar, from Latin precari.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /pɾeˈɣa/

动词(Verb)

pregar

  1. to pray
  2. to ask, politely request

衍生词(Derived terms)

Dialectal variants


Old Occitan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin precārī, present active infinitive of precor.

动词(Verb)

pregar

  1. to pray (as to God)

来源参考(References)


Portuguese

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old Portuguese pregar, a semi-learned term taken from Latin plicō (I fold), from Proto-Indo-European *pleḱ- (to plait, to weave). See also chegar, an inherited doublet.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /pɾeˈɡa(ʁ)/, [pɾeˈɡa(h)]
    • IPA(key): (São Paulo) /pɾeˈɡa(ɾ)/, [pɾeˈɡa(ɾ)]
    • IPA(key): (Rio) /pɾeˈɡa(ʁ)/, [pɾeˈɡa(χ)]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /pɾɨˈɡaɾ/, [pɾɨˈɣaɾ]

动词(Verb)

pregar (first-person singular present indicative prego, past participle pregado)

  1. to nail (employ a nail or similar object as a fastener)
    Synonym: martelar
    Antonym: despregar
  2. to stare
    Synonym: encarar
动词变化形式(Conjugation)
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Old Portuguese preegar, from Latin praedicāre, present active infinitive of praedicō (I proclaim), from prae (before, in front) + dicō (devote, consecrate).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /pɾeˈɡa(ʁ)/, [pɾeˈɡa(h)]
    • IPA(key): (São Paulo) /pɾeˈɡa(ɾ)/, [pɾeˈɡa(ɾ)]
    • IPA(key): (Rio) /pɾeˈɡa(ʁ)/, [pɾeˈɡa(χ)]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /ˌpɾɛˈɡaɾ/, [ˌpɾɛˈɣaɾ]
  • Hyphenation: pre‧gar

动词(Verb)

pregar (first-person singular present indicative prego, past participle pregado)

  1. to preach (give a sermon)
    Synonym: proferir
  2. to preach; to advocate (encourage support)
    Synonyms: difundir, preconizar
  3. first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of pregar
  4. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of pregar
  5. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of pregar
  6. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of pregar
动词变化形式(Conjugation)
  • See etymology 1.

Spanish

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /pɾeˈɡaɾ/, [pɾeˈɣ̞aɾ]

动词(Verb)

pregar (first-person singular present prego, first-person singular preterite pregué, past participle pregado)

  1. (obsolete) to fix; to join

动词变化形式(Conjugation)

查看更多(Further reading)


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