See also: présent


English Wikipedia has articles on:

替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • præsent (archaic or pedantic)
  • (abbreviation, grammar): ps.


  • (adjective, noun)
    • enPR: prĕzʹənt, IPA(key): /ˈpɹɛzənt/
    • Hyphenation: pres‧ent
    • Rhymes: -ɛzənt
  • (verb)

词源1(Etymology 1)

English Wikipedia has an article on:

From Middle English present, from Old French present, from Latin praesent-, praesens present participle of praeesse (to be present), from Latin prae- (pre-) + esse (to be).


present (comparative more present, superlative most present)

  1. Relating to now, for the time being; current.
    The barbaric practice continues to the present day.
    The present manager has been here longer than the last one.
    Up to the present day.
  2. Located in the immediate vicinity.
    Is there a doctor present?  Several people were present when the event took place.
  3. (obsolete) Having an immediate effect (of a medicine, poison etc.); fast-acting. [16th-18th c.]
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], “Alteratiues and Corials, corroborating, reſoluing the reliques, and mending the Temperament”, in The Anatomy of Melancholy:[], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970, partition 2, section 5, member 1, subsection 5:
      Amongſt this number of Cordials and Alteratiues, J doe not find a more preſent remedy, then a cup of wine, or ſtrong drinke, and if it be ſoberly and opportunely vſed.
  4. (obsolete) Not delayed; immediate; instant.
  5. (dated) Ready; quick in emergency.
    a present wit
  6. (obsolete) Favorably attentive; propitious.
  7. Relating to something a person is referring to in the very context, with a deictic use similar to the demonstrative adjective this.
    in the present study,  the present article,  the present results.
  8. Attentive; alert; focused.
    Sorry, I was distracted just now, I'll try to be more present from now on.
衍生词(Derived terms)
Derived terms (grammar)
关联词(Related terms)


present (plural presents)

  1. The current moment or period of time.
  2. The present tense.
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English presenten, from Old French presenter, from Latin praesentāre (to show), from praesent-, praesens, present participle of praeesse (be in front of).


present (plural presents)

  1. A gift, especially one given for birthdays, Christmas, anniversaries, graduations, weddings, or any other special occasions.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “A very welcome, kind, useful present, that means to the parish. By the way, Hopkins, let this go no further. We don't want the tale running round that a rich person has arrived. Churchill, my dear fellow, we have such greedy sharks, and wolves in lamb's clothing. […]”
  2. (military) The position of a soldier in presenting arms.
    to stand at present
  • Japanese: プレゼント (purezento)


present (third-person singular simple present presents, present participle presenting, simple past and past participle presented)

  1. To bring (someone) into the presence of (a person); to introduce formally. [from 14th c.]
    to present an envoy to the king
  2. (transitive) To nominate (a member of the clergy) for an ecclesiastical benefice; to offer to the bishop or ordinary as a candidate for institution. [from 14th c.]
  3. (transitive) To offer (a problem, complaint) to a court or other authority for consideration. [from 14th c.]
  4. (transitive, now rare) To charge (a person) with a crime or accusation; to bring before court. [from 14th c.]
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, page 71:
      In the diocese of Gloucester in 1548 two inhabitants of Slimbridge were presented for saying that holy oil was ‘of no virtue but meet to grease sheep’.
  5. (reflexive) To come forward, appear in a particular place or before a particular person, especially formally. [from 14th c.]
  6. (transitive) To put (something) forward in order for it to be seen; to show, exhibit. [from 14th c.]
  7. (transitive) To make clear to one's mind or intelligence; to put forward for consideration. [from 14th c.]
    • 1927, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Case-book of Sherlock Holmes:
      I do begin to realize that the matter must be presented in such a way as may interest the reader.
    • 2012 January 1, Steven Sloman, “The Battle Between Intuition and Deliberation”, in American Scientist[2], volume 100, number 1, page 74:
      Libertarian paternalism is the view that, because the way options are presented to citizens affects what they choose, society should present options in a way that “nudges” our intuitive selves to make choices that are more consistent with what our more deliberative selves would have chosen if they were in control.
  8. (transitive) To put on, stage (a play etc.). [from 16th c.]
    The theater is proud to present the Fearless Fliers.
  9. (transitive, military) To point (a firearm) at something, to hold (a weapon) in a position ready to fire. [from 16th c.]
  10. (reflexive) To offer oneself for mental consideration; to occur to the mind. [from 16th c.]
    Well, one idea does present itself.
  11. (intransitive, medicine) To come to the attention of medical staff, especially with a specific symptom. [from 19th c.]
    The patient presented with insomnia.
  12. (intransitive, medicine) To appear (in a specific way) for delivery (of a fetus); to appear first at the mouth of the uterus during childbirth. [from 18th c.]
  13. (intransitive, with "as") To appear or represent oneself (as having a certain gender).
    At that time, Elbe was presenting as a man.
  14. (transitive) To act as presenter on (a radio, television programme etc.). [from 20th c.]
    Anne Robinson presents "The Weakest Link".
  15. (transitive) To give a gift or presentation to (someone). [from 14th c.]
    She was presented with an honorary degree for her services to entertainment.
  16. (transitive) To give (a gift or presentation) to someone; to bestow. [from 14th c.]
    • 1801, William Cowper, The Vicissitudes Experienced in the Christian Life
      My last, least offering, I present thee now.
  17. (transitive) To deliver (something abstract) as though as a gift; to offer. [from 14th c.]
    I presented my compliments to Lady Featherstoneshaw.
  18. (transitive) To hand over (a bill etc.) to be paid. [from 15th c.]
  19. (intransitive, zoology) To display one's female genitalia in a way that signals to others that one is ready for copulation. Also referred to as lordosis behaviour. [from 20th c.]
衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)




From Latin praesens, attested from the 13th century.[1]



present m (plural presents)

  1. present (current moment or period of time)
  2. (grammar) present (grammatical tense)


present (masculine and feminine plural presents)

  1. present (at a given location)

衍生词(Derived terms)


  1. ^ “present” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

查看更多(Further reading)



From French présent, from présenter (to present).


  • IPA(key): /prɛsanɡ/, [pʰʁ̥ɛˈsɑŋ]


present c (singular definite presenten, plural indefinite presenter)

  1. (dated) present, gift
    Synonym: gave



替代形式(Alternative forms)

  • prejent, presënt


present m (feminine singular presenta, masculine plural presenc, feminine plural presentes)

  1. present

Middle French


present m (plural presens)

  1. gift; present
    • 1417, La disputation de l'Asne contre frere Anselme Turmeda [3]
      Un iour qu'il alloit par ladite cité & passant p[ar] la rue de la mer, veit une guenon dedans un panier & l'acheta pour en faire un present audit conte d'Armignac son parent, pource que en France i'a pas beaucoup de telz animaux.
      One day as he was walking through said city and passing through la Rue de Mer, he saw an Old World monkey in a basket and bought it to give it as a present to the Count of Armignac, his father, because there are not many animals like this one in France.
  2. (grammar) present (tense)

Old French


present m (oblique plural presenz or presentz, nominative singular presenz or presentz, nominative plural present)

  1. gift; present
    • circa 1170, Wace, Le Roman de Rou:
      Itant out li Quens un present
      D'une cupe chiere d'argent
      At this moment he presented the Count
      With a valuable silver cup
  2. (grammar) present (tense)




present c

  1. gift, present


Declension of present 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative present presenten presenter presenterna
Genitive presents presentens presenters presenternas


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