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【reduce】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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英语(English)

词源(Etymology)

From Middle English reducen, from Old French reducer, from Latin redūcō (reduce); from re- (back) + dūcō (lead). See duke, and compare with redoubt.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

reduce (third-person singular simple present reduces, present participle reducing, simple past and past participle reduced)

  1. (transitive) To bring down the size, quantity, quality, value or intensity of something; to diminish, to lower.
    to reduce weight, speed, heat, expenses, price, personnel etc.
    • 2012 January 1, Stephen Ledoux, “Behaviorism at 100”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 1, page 60:
      Becoming more aware of the progress that scientists have made on behavioral fronts can reduce the risk that other natural scientists will resort to mystical agential accounts when they exceed the limits of their own disciplinary training.
  2. (intransitive) To lose weight.
  3. (transitive) To bring to an inferior rank; to degrade, to demote.
    to reduce a sergeant to the ranks
    • 1815, Walter Scott, Guy Mannering
      My father, the eldest son of an ancient but reduced family, left me with little.
    • a. 1694, John Tillotson, The Folly of Scoffing at Religion
      nothing so excellent but a man may falten upon something or other belonging to it whereby to reduce it .
    • 1671, John Milton, Samson Agonistes
      Having reduced their foe to misery beneath their fears.
    • Hester Prynne was shocked at the condition to which she found the clergyman reduced.
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page viii:
      Neither [Jones] [] nor I (in 1966) could conceive of reducing our "science" to the ultimate absurdity of reading Finnish newspapers almost a century and a half old in order to establish "priority."
  4. (transitive) To humble; to conquer; to subdue; to capture.
    to reduce a province or a fort
  5. (transitive) To bring to an inferior state or condition.
    to reduce a city to ashes
  6. (transitive, cooking) To decrease the liquid content of food by boiling much of its water off.
    • 2011, Edward Behr and James MacGuire, The Art of Eating Cookbook: Essential Recipes from the First 25 Years.
      Serve the oxtails with mustard or a sauce made by reducing the soup, if any is left, to a slightly thick sauce.
  7. (transitive, chemistry) To add electrons / hydrogen or to remove oxygen.
  8. (transitive, metallurgy) To produce metal from ore by removing nonmetallic elements in a smelter.
  9. (transitive, mathematics) To simplify an equation or formula without changing its value.
  10. (transitive, computer science) To express the solution of a problem in terms of another (known) algorithm.
  11. (transitive, logic) To convert a syllogism to a clearer or simpler form
  12. (transitive, law) To convert to written form. (Usage note: this verb almost always appears as "reduce to writing".)
    It is important that all business contracts be reduced to writing.
  13. (transitive, medicine) To perform a reduction; to restore a fracture or dislocation to the correct alignment.
  14. (transitive, military) To reform a line or column from (a square).
  15. (transitive, military) To strike off the payroll.
  16. (transitive, Scotland, law) To annul by legal means.
  17. (transitive, obsolete) To translate (a book, document, etc.).
    a book reduced into English

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

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来源参考(References)


Italian

词源(Etymology)

From Latin redux (that returns).

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

reduce (masculine and feminine plural reduci) (da)

  1. returning (from)
    Synonym: ritornato

名词(Noun)

reduce m or f (plural reduci)

  1. survivor
    Synonym: sopravvissuto
  2. veteran (of a conflict)
    Synonyms: veterano, ex combattente

变位词(Anagrams)


Latin

词源1(Etymology 1)

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

redūce

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of redūcō

词源2(Etymology 2)

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

rĕduce

  1. ablative masculine singular of rē̆dux
  2. ablative feminine singular of rē̆dux
  3. ablative neuter singular of rē̆dux

Romanian

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin reducere, French réduire, based on duce. Compare the inherited doublet arăduce.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /reˈdutʃe/, [re̞ˈd̪utʃe̞]

动词(Verb)

a reduce (third-person singular present reduce, past participle redus3rd conj.

  1. (transitive) to reduce, to lessen

动词变化形式(Conjugation)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(See also)


Spanish

动词(Verb)

reduce

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of reducir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of reducir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of reducir.

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