万维词典

【service】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: Service and sèrvice

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English servise, from Old French servise (French service), from the verb servir, from Latin servitium (compare Portuguese serviço, Italian servizio, Norman sèrvice, Spanish servicio), from servus (servant; serf; slave). Displaced the native Old English þenest.

名词(Noun)

service (countable and uncountable, plural services)

  1. An act of being of assistance to someone.
    I say I did him a service by ending our relationship – now he can freely pursue his career.
    • 1794, Robert Southey, Wat Tyler. A Dramatic Poem. In Three Acts, London: Printed [by J. M‘Creery] for Sherwood, Neely, and Jones,[], published 1817, OCLC 362102, Act I, page 7:
      The Parliament for ever cries more money, / The service of the state demands more money. / Just heaven! of what service is the state?
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 4, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Then he commenced to talk, really talk. and inside of two flaps of a herring's fin he had me mesmerized, like Eben Holt's boy at the town hall show. He talked about the ills of humanity, and the glories of health and Nature and service and land knows what all.
  2. (economics) The practice of providing such a service as economic activity.
    Hair care is a service industry.
    • 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 27:
      The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about […], or offering services that let you "stay up to date with what your friends are doing",[...]and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.
  3. A department in a company, an organization, a government department, etc.
  4. (computing) A function that is provided by one program or machine for another.
    This machine provides the name service for the LAN.
  5. The state of being subordinate to or employed by an individual or group
    Lancelot was at the service of King Arthur.
  6. The military.
    I did three years in the service before coming here.
  7. A set of dishes or utensils.
    She brought out the silver tea service.
  8. (sports) The act of initially starting, or serving, the ball in play in tennis, volleyball, and other games.
    The player had four service faults in the set.
  9. A religious rite or ritual.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands.
    The funeral service was touching.
  10. (law) The serving, or delivery, of a summons or writ.
    • 1668 July 3, James Dalrymple, “Thomas Rue contra Andrew Houſtoun” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), page 548:
      He Suſpends on theſe Reaſons, that Thomas Rue had granted a general Diſcharge to Adam Muſhet, who was his Conjunct, and correus debendi, after the alleadged Service, which Diſcharged Muſhet, and conſequently Houstoun his Partner.
    The service happened yesterday.
  11. (Israel, West Bank, also in Jordan, Lebanon and Syria) A taxi shared among unrelated passengers, each of whom pays part of the fare; often, it has a fixed route between cities.
  12. A musical composition for use in churches.
  13. (obsolete) Profession of respect; acknowledgment of duty owed.
  14. (nautical) The materials used for serving a rope, etc., such as spun yarn and small lines.
用法注意(Usage notes)

In British English, the indefinite article "a" is often used with “good service”, as in "A good service is operating on all London Underground lines", whereas this is not used in American English.

反义词(Antonyms)
  • (action or work that is produced and consumed): good
  • capital
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

service (third-person singular simple present services, present participle servicing, simple past and past participle serviced)

  1. (transitive) To serve.
    They service the customer base.
  2. (transitive) To perform maintenance.
    He is going to service the car.
  3. (transitive, agriculture, euphemistic) To inseminate through sexual intercourse
  4. (transitive, vulgar) To perform a sexual act.
    He was going to service her.
同义词(Synonyms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Japanese: サービス (sābisu)
  • Korean: 서비스 (seobiseu)
翻译(Translations)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

service (plural services)

  1. service tree

翻译(Translations)

变位词(Anagrams)


Dutch

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English service.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • Hyphenation: ser‧vice

名词(Noun)

service f or m (plural services)

  1. service

French

词源(Etymology)

From Old French servise, borrowed from Latin servitium (compare Portuguese serviço, Italian servizio, Norman sèrvice, Spanish servicio), from servus.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

service m (plural services)

  1. service
  2. (tennis) service
  3. (Switzerland, in the plural) cutlery

关联词(Related terms)

感叹语(Interjection)

service

  1. (Switzerland) you're welcome

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Norman

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Old French servise, (compare French service), borrowed from Latin servitium, from servus.

名词(Noun)

service m (plural services)

  1. (Guernsey) service

Old French

名词(Noun)

service m (oblique plural services, nominative singular services, nominative plural service)

  1. Alternative form of servise

Swedish

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

service c

  1. service, the level of comfort offered by assistants and servants (the opposite of self-service)
  2. maintenance and repair
    min bil är inne på service
    my car is at the workshop

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of service 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative service servicen
Genitive service servicens

关联词(Related terms)

  • fullservice
  • kundservice
  • serva
  • serviceverkstad

查看更多(See also)


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