万维词典

【side】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: Side, sìde, -side, and siđe

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English side, from Old English sīde (side, flank), from Proto-Germanic *sīdǭ (side, flank, edge, shore), from Proto-Indo-European *sēy- (to send, throw, drop, sow, deposit). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Siede (side), West Frisian side (side), Dutch zijde, zij (side), German Low German Sied (side), German Seite (side), Danish and Norwegian side (side), Swedish sida (side).

名词(Noun)

side (countable and uncountable, plural sides)

  1. A bounding straight edge of a two-dimensional shape.
    A square has four sides.
  2. A flat surface of a three-dimensional object; a face.
    A cube has six sides.
  3. One half (left or right, top or bottom, front or back, etc.) of something or someone.
    Which side of the tray shall I put it on?  The patient was bleeding on the right side.
  4. A region in a specified position with respect to something.
    Meet me on the north side of the monument.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co.,[], OCLC 752825175:
      Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
  5. The portion of the human torso usually covered by the arms when they are not raised; the areas on the left and right between the belly or chest and the back.
    I generally sleep on my side.
    • 2006, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured (Jones & Bartlett Learning, →ISBN, p. 234:
      Roll the patient onto the left side so that head, shoulders, and torso move at the same time without twisting.
  6. One surface of a sheet of paper (used instead of "page", which can mean one or both surfaces.)
    John wrote 15 sides for his essay!
  7. One possible aspect of a concept, person or thing.
    Look on the bright side.
  8. One set of competitors in a game.
    Which side has kick-off?
  9. (UK, Australia, Ireland) A sports team.
    • 1988, Ken Jones, Soccer skills & tactics, page 9:
      Newly promoted, they were top of the First Division and unbeaten when they took on a Manchester United side that had been revitalized by a new manager,[].
    • 2011 September 28, Jon Smith, “Valencia 1-1 Chelsea”, in BBC Sport:
      It was no less than Valencia deserved after dominating possession in the final 20 minutes although Chelsea defended resolutely and restricted the Spanish side to shooting from long range.
    • 2011, Nick Cain, Greg Growden, Rugby Union For Dummies, UK Edition, 3rd Edition, p.220:
      Initially, the English, Welsh, Scots and Irish unions refused to send national sides, preferring instead to send touring sides like the Barbarians, the Penguins, the Co-Optimists, the Wolfhounds, Crawshays Welsh, and the Public School Wanderers.
  10. A group of morris dancers who perform together.
  11. A group having a particular allegiance in a conflict or competition.
    In the second world war, the Italians were on the side of the Germans.
    • 2019, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      “Creating artificial rain over the Yellow Sea would help the Chinese side too,” the spokesman said Kim told the meeting.
    • 1824, Walter Savage Landor, Imaginary Conversations, Lord Chesterfield and Lord Chatham
      We have not always been of the [] same side in politics.
    • 1733-1738, Alexander Pope, Imitations of Horace:
      sets the passions on the side of truth
  12. (music) A recorded piece of music; a record, especially in jazz.
    • 1995, James Lincoln Collier, Jazz: The American Theme Song, p. 41
      But Bechet chafed under even the loose discipline of the Ellington group, and left. Through these years he wandered, making only a few sides, at the moment when jazz records were beginning to flood onto the market.
  13. (sports, billiards, snooker, pool) Sidespin; english
    He had to put a bit of side on to hit the pink ball.
  14. (Britain, Australia, Ireland, dated) A television channel, usually as opposed to the one currently being watched (from when there were only two channels).
    I just want to see what's on the other side — James said there was a good film on tonight.
  15. (US, colloquial) A dish that accompanies the main course; a side dish.
    Do you want a side of cole-slaw with that?
  16. A line of descent traced through one parent as distinguished from that traced through another.
    his mother's side of the family
  17. (baseball) The batters faced in an inning by a particular pitcher
    Clayton Kershaw struck out the side in the 6th inning.
  18. (slang, dated, uncountable) An unjustified air of self-importance.
    • 1930, Frank Richards, “Tale-Bearer in Chief”, in The Magnet:
      His manner never had been modest or retiring. Now it was unmistakably swanky; he was putting on side to an extent that made fellows who observed him smile and shrug their shoulders.
  19. (drama) A written monologue or part of a scene to be read by an actor at an audition.
    • 2010, Viola Spolin, ‎Carol Sills, Theater Games for Rehearsal: A Director's Handbook (page 12)
      Some directors use full scripts (book); others use “sides,” which consist of one or two words of the cue and the subsequent full speech of the individual actor.
    • 2017, Dave Kost, Book of Sides II:
      The short scenes in this book are particularly useful for audition workshops since audition sides are rarely longer than two pages.
  20. (LGBT, slang) A man who prefers not to engage in anal sex during homosexual intercourse.
    My boyfriend and I are both sides; we prefer to do oral and other stuff.
同义词(Synonyms)
  • (bounding straight edge of an object): edge
  • (flat surface of an object): face
  • (left or right half): half
  • (surface of a sheet of paper): page
  • (region in a specified position with respect to something):
  • (one possible aspect of a concept):
  • (set of opponents in a game): team
  • (group having a particular allegiance in a war):
  • (television channel): channel, station (US)
下义词(Hyponyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • English words suffixed with -side
  • 关联词(Related terms)
    翻译(Translations)

    形容词(Adjective)

    side (comparative more side, superlative most side)

    1. Being on the left or right, or toward the left or right; lateral.
    2. Indirect; oblique; incidental.
      a side issue; a side view or remark

    翻译(Translations)

    动词(Verb)

    side (third-person singular simple present sides, present participle siding, simple past and past participle sided)

    1. (intransitive) To ally oneself, be in an alliance, usually with "with" or rarely "in with"
      Which will you side with, good or evil?
      • 1597, Francis Bacon, Essays – "Of Great Place":
        All rising to great place is by a winding star; and if there be factions, it is good to side a man's self, whilst he is in the rising, and to balance himself when he is placed.
      • 1714, Alexander Pope, “The Rape of the Lock”, in The Works of Mr. Alexander Pope, volume I, London: [] W[illiam] Bowyer, for Bernard Lintot,[], published 1717, OCLC 43265629, canto V:
        All side in parties, and begin the attack.
      • 1958, Archer Fullingim, The Kountze [Texas] News, August 28, 1958:
        How does it feel... to... side in with those who voted against you in 1947?
    2. To lean on one side.
    3. (transitive, obsolete) To be or stand at the side of; to be on the side toward.
    4. (transitive, obsolete) To suit; to pair; to match.
      • 1660-1667, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, The Life of Edward Earl of Clarendon
        He had ſure read more , and carried more about him , in his excellent Memory , than any Man I ever knew , my Lord Falkland only excepted , who I think ſided him
    5. (transitive, shipbuilding) To work (a timber or rib) to a certain thickness by trimming the sides.
    6. (transitive) To furnish with a siding.
      to side a house
    7. (transitive, cooking) To provide with, as a side or accompaniment.
      • 1995, Orange Coast Magazine (volume 11, number 8, page 166)
        Entrees are sided with a generous portion of vegetables, and some include little surprises []
      • 2009 March 14, Corey Mintz, “Stop and cheer chefs' dedication to quality”, in Toronto Star[1]:
        A chocolate cakelette, caramel percolating from its warm top, is sided with peanut butter chantilly cream.
    同义词(Synonyms)
    • (ally oneself):
    • take side
    衍生词(Derived terms)
    翻译(Translations)
    查看更多(See also)

    词源2(Etymology 2)

    From Middle English side, syde, syd, from Old English sīd (wide, broad, spacious, ample, extensive, vast, far-reaching), from Proto-West Germanic *sīd, from Proto-Germanic *sīdaz (drooping, hanging, low, excessive, extra), from Proto-Indo-European *sēy- (to send, throw, drop, sow, deposit). Cognate with obsolete Dutch zijd (wide, vast), Low German sied (low), Swedish sid (long, hanging down), Icelandic síður (low hanging, long).

    形容词(Adjective)

    side (comparative more side, superlative most side)

    1. (UK archaic, dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) Wide; large; long, pendulous, hanging low, trailing; far-reaching.
      • c. 1556, Thomas Cranmer, A Confutation of Unwritten Verities, “That the general counsels withoute the worde of god are not sufficiente to make articles of fayth,”[2]
        But when he perceaved that the sayd Pryest could not pourge himself of the foresayd crime he prively payed him his quarters wages before hande and suffered hym to departe without farther tryall of the sayd cryme: and now he jetteth in london wyth side gown and sarcenet typet as good a virgin priest as the best.
      • 1575, Robert Laneham, Robert Laneham’s Letter: Describing a Part of the Entertainment unto Queen Elizabeth at the Castle of Kenelworth in 1575, edited by F. J. Furnivall, London: Chatto & Windus, 1907, “The auncient Minstrell described,” p. 38,[3]
        Hiz gooun had syde sleeuez dooun to midlegge, slit from the shooulder too the hand, & lined with white cotten.
      • c. 1590 (date written), G[eorge] P[eele], The Old Wiues Tale.[], London: [] Iohn Danter, for Raph Hancocke, and Iohn Hardie,[], published 1595, OCLC 1154964007, [lines 47-50]:
        What doe we make dost thou aske? why we make faces for feare: such as if thy mortall eyes could behold, would make thee water the long seames of thy side slops []
      • 1598–1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “Much Adoe about Nothing”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies[] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iv]:
        By my troth, ’s but a night-gown in respect of yours: cloth o’ gold, and cuts, and laced with silver, set with pearls, down sleeves, side sleeves, and skirts, round underborne with a bluish tinsel []
    2. (Scotland) Far; distant.
    衍生词(Derived terms)

    副词(Adverb)

    side (comparative more side, superlative most side)

    1. (UK dialectal) Widely; wide; far.

    动词(Verb)

    side (third-person singular simple present sides, present participle siding, simple past and past participle sided)

    1. To clear, tidy or sort.
      • 1883, Jane Welsh Carlyle, Thomas Carlyle, James Anthony Froude, Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle - Volume 1, page 292:
        Meanwhile I have plenty to employ me, in siding drawers and locked places, which I left in the disgracefullest confusion ;
      • 1897, Sir Hall Caine, The Manxman - Volume 2, page 304:
        Now side everything away. The medicines too —put them in the cupboard.
      • 2001, Audrey Howard, The Seasons Will Pass:
        As it had done then, Clare's heart, in a constant state of stress these days, missed a beat now, and she turned hastily to the table where she was siding the dinner things, doing her best to hide her expression which surely would give her away.

    变位词(Anagrams)


    Danish

    词源(Etymology)

    From Old Norse síða.

    发音(Pronunciation)

    名词(Noun)

    side c (singular definite siden, plural indefinite sider)

    1. page

    变化形式(Declension)

    查看更多(Further reading)


    Estonian

    词源(Etymology)

    From Proto-Finnic *sidek. Equivalent to siduma +‎ -e.

    名词(Noun)

    side (genitive sideme, partitive sidet)

    1. bond, binding
    2. bandage
    3. relationship, tie

    Inflection

    Compounds

    名词(Noun)

    side (genitive side, partitive sidet)

    1. communication (especially one achieved through technology)
    2. signal (especially in radio)
      Miks sidet pole?
      Why is there no signal?
    3. communications (as a field)
    4. (colloquial) post office

    Inflection

    Compounds

    • otseside

    Finnish

    词源(Etymology)

    From Proto-Finnic *sidek. Equivalent to sitoa +‎ -e.

    发音(Pronunciation)

    • IPA(key): /ˈsideˣ/, [ˈs̠ide̞(ʔ)]
    • Rhymes: -ide
    • Syllabification: si‧de

    名词(Noun)

    side

    1. bandage
    2. bond
    3. sanitary towel
    4. (anatomy) ligament

    变化形式(Declension)

    Inflection of side (Kotus type 48*F/hame, t-d gradation)
    nominative side siteet
    genitive siteen siteiden
    siteitten
    partitive sidettä siteitä
    illative siteeseen siteisiin
    siteihin
    singular plural
    nominative side siteet
    accusative nom. side siteet
    gen. siteen
    genitive siteen siteiden
    siteitten
    partitive sidettä siteitä
    inessive siteessä siteissä
    elative siteestä siteistä
    illative siteeseen siteisiin
    siteihin
    adessive siteellä siteillä
    ablative siteeltä siteiltä
    allative siteelle siteille
    essive siteenä siteinä
    translative siteeksi siteiksi
    instructive sitein
    abessive siteettä siteittä
    comitative siteineen
    Possessive forms of side (type hame)
    possessor singular plural
    1st person siteeni siteemme
    2nd person siteesi siteenne
    3rd person siteensä

    同义词(Synonyms)

    衍生词(Derived terms)

    关联词(Related terms)

    变位词(Anagrams)


    Latin

    动词(Verb)

    sīde

    1. second-person singular present active imperative of sīdō

    Manx

    词源(Etymology)

    From Old Irish saiget, from Latin sagitta.

    名词(Noun)

    side f (genitive singular sidey, plural sideyn)

    1. arrow, bolt, shaft

    关联词(Related terms)

    Mutation

    Manx mutation
    Radical Lenition Eclipsis
    side hide
    after "yn", tide
    unchanged
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
    possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    来源参考(References)


    中古英语(Middle English)

    词源1(Etymology 1)

    From Old English sīde.

    发音(Pronunciation)

    名词(Noun)

    side

    1. side
    派生词(Descendants)
    • English: side
    • Scots: side, syde
    • Yola: zeide

    来源参考(References)

    词源2(Etymology 2)

    名词(Noun)

    side

    1. Alternative form of seed (seed)

    Middle Irish

    词源(Etymology)

    From Old Irish síd, from Proto-Celtic *sedos, *sīdos (mound (inhabited by fairies)), from Proto-Indo-European *sēds, *sed- (seat).

    名词(Noun)

    side m

    1. fairy hill or mound

    衍生词(Derived terms)

    • áes side (people of the fairy mounds, supernatural beings, fairies)

    派生词(Descendants)

    Mutation

    Middle Irish mutation
    Radical Lenition Nasalization
    side ṡide unchanged
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
    possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    来源参考(References)


    Norwegian Bokmål

    词源(Etymology)

    From Old Norse síða.

    名词(Noun)

    side f or m (definite singular sida or siden, indefinite plural sider, definite plural sidene)

    1. a page (e.g. in a book)
    2. side
      på høyre sideon the right-hand side
    3. (of a case) aspect
    4. (on animal) flank

    衍生词(Derived terms)


    Norwegian Nynorsk

    发音(Pronunciation)

    词源1(Etymology 1)

    From Old Norse síða. Akin to English side.

    名词(Noun)

    side f (definite singular sida, indefinite plural sider, definite plural sidene)

    1. a page (e.g. in a book)
      ei bok på 300 sider
      a book of 300 pages
    2. a side (various, though not all senses)
    衍生词(Derived terms)

    词源2(Etymology 2)

    形容词(Adjective)

    side

    1. definite singular of sid
    2. plural of sid

    来源参考(References)

    变位词(Anagrams)


    Old English

    发音(Pronunciation)

    词源1(Etymology 1)

    From the adjective sīd.

    副词(Adverb)

    sīde

    1. widely

    词源2(Etymology 2)

    From Proto-Germanic *sīdǭ, whence also Old High German sīta

    名词(Noun)

    sīde f

    1. side
    变化形式(Declension)
    派生词(Descendants)

    词源3(Etymology 3)

    Borrowed from Late Latin sēta, whence also Old High German sīda (silk).

    名词(Noun)

    sīde f (nominative plural sīdan)

    1. silk
    同义词(Synonyms)

    Old Irish

    发音(Pronunciation)

    代词(Pronoun)

    side

    1. inflection of suide:
      1. nominative/accusative singular masculine unstressed
      2. genitive singular feminine unstressed

    Mutation

    Old Irish mutation
    Radical Lenition Nasalization
    side ṡide unchanged
    Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
    possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

    Ternate

    side

    词源(Etymology)

    Cognate with Sahu sidete (sail, to sail).

    发音(Pronunciation)

    名词(Noun)

    side

    1. a sail

    动词(Verb)

    side

    1. (intransitive) to sail

    动词变化形式(Conjugation)

    Conjugation of side
    Singular Plural
    Inclusive Exclusive
    1st toside foside miside
    2nd noside niside
    3rd Human osidem, mosidef iside, yoside
    Non-human iside iside, yoside
    * m - masculine, f - feminine, - archaic

    替代形式(Alternative forms)

    来源参考(References)

    • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

    West Frisian

    词源(Etymology)

    From Old Frisian sīde, from Proto-Germanic *sīdǭ.

    发音(Pronunciation)

    名词(Noun)

    side c (plural siden, diminutive sydsje)

    1. side
    2. page

    衍生词(Derived terms)

    查看更多(Further reading)

    • side (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

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