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【size】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: siže

英语(English)

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English syse, sise (regulation, control, limit), from Old French cise, sise, aphetism of assise (assize). Displaced native Middle English grete, grette (size) (from Old English grīetu, grȳtu (size, greatness)).

名词(Noun)

size (countable and uncountable, plural sizes)

  1. (obsolete outside dialects) An assize. [from 14th c.]
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, page 560:
      I know you would have women above the law, but it is all a lye; I heard his lordship say at size, that no one is above the law.
  2. (obsolete) A regulation determining the amount of money paid in fees, taxes etc. [14th-18th c.]
  3. (obsolete) A fixed standard for the magnitude, quality, quantity etc. of goods, especially food and drink. [15th-17th c.]
  4. The dimensions or magnitude of a thing; how big something is. [from 15th c.]
    • 2013 July 20, “Welcome to the plastisphere”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      [The researchers] noticed many of their pieces of [plastic marine] debris sported surface pits around two microns across. Such pits are about the size of a bacterial cell. Closer examination showed that some of these pits did, indeed, contain bacteria, […].
    The size of the building seemed to have increased since I was last there.
  5. (obsolete) A regulation, piece of ordinance. [15th c.]
  6. A specific set of dimensions for a manufactured article, especially clothing. [from 16th c.]
    I don't think we have the red one in your size.
  7. (graph theory) A number of edges in a graph. [from 20th c.]
  8. (figuratively, dated) Degree of rank, ability, character, etc.
  9. An instrument consisting of a number of perforated gauges fastened together at one end by a rivet, used for measuring the size of pearls.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
同义词(Synonyms)
下义词(Hyponyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Chinese:
    • Cantonese: size (saai1 si2)
  • Irish: saghas
  • Japanese: サイズ (saizu)
  • Korean: 사이즈 (saijeu)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

动词(Verb)

size (third-person singular simple present sizes, present participle sizing, simple past and past participle sized)

  1. (transitive) To adjust the size of; to make a certain size.
  2. (transitive) To classify or arrange by size.
    1. (military) To take the height of men, in order to place them in the ranks according to their stature.
    2. (mining) To sift (pieces of ore or metal) in order to separate the finer from the coarser parts.
  3. (transitive, colloquial) To approximate the dimensions, estimate the size of.
  4. (intransitive) To take a greater size; to increase in size.
    • after 1633 (first published), John Donne, Farewell to Love
      Our desires give them fashion, and so, / As they wax lesser, fall, as they size, grow.
  5. (Britain, Cambridge University, obsolete) To order food or drink from the buttery; hence, to enter a score, as upon the buttery book.
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To swell; to increase the bulk of.

下义词(Hyponyms)

翻译(Translations)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English syse,[1] of unclear origin;[2] related to Old Italian sisa (a glue used by painters),[3] perhaps ultimately related to size / syse (amount),[2][3] or perhaps shortened from assisa, from assiso (to make to sit, to seat, to place)

名词(Noun)

size (plural sizes)

  1. A thin, weak glue used as primer for paper or canvas intended to be painted upon.
  2. Wallpaper paste.
  3. The thickened crust on coagulated blood.
  4. Any viscous substance, such as gilder's varnish.
翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

size (third-person singular simple present sizes, present participle sizing, simple past and past participle sized)

  1. (transitive) To apply glue or other primer to a surface which is to be painted.
翻译(Translations)

来源参考(References)

  1. ^ size” in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.
  2. 2.0 2.1 sīse, n.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  3. 3.0 3.1 size in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

查看更多(See also)


Chinese

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English size.

发音(Pronunciation)


名词(Noun)

size

  1. (Cantonese) size

同义词(Synonyms)


Turkish

代词(Pronoun)

size

  1. dative of siz (you – plural or polite)

Turkmen

名词(Noun)

size

  1. dative plural of siz

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