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【slang】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Slang and släng

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: slăng, IPA(key): /slæŋ/
  • (US, pre-/ŋ/ tensing) enPR: slăng, IPA(key): /sleɪŋ/
  • Rhymes: -æŋ, -eɪŋ

词源1(Etymology 1)

1756, meaning "special vocabulary of tramps or thieves", origin unknown. Possibly derived from a North Germanic source, related to Norwegian Nynorsk slengenamn (nickname), slengja kjeften (to abuse verbally, literally to sling one's jaw), related to Icelandic slengja (to sling, throw, hurl), Old Norse slyngva (to sling). Not believed to be connected with language or lingo.

名词(Noun)

slang (countable and uncountable, plural slangs)

  1. Language outside of conventional usage and in the informal register.
    • 1996, James Lambert, The Macquarie Book of Slang, Sydney: Macquarie Library, page v:
      English-speaking Australians have always had a love affair with slang.
  2. Language that is unique to a particular profession or subject; jargon.
  3. The specialized language of a social group, sometimes used to make what is said unintelligible to those not members of the group; cant.
    • 1871, George Eliot [pseudonym; Mary Ann Evans], chapter XI, in Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life, volume I, Edinburgh; London: William Blackwood and Sons, OCLC 948783829, book I (Miss Brooke), page 172:
      "Oh, there are so many superior teas and sugars now. Superior is getting to be shopkeepers' slang. / "Are you beginning to dislike slang, then?" said Rosamond, with mild gravity. / "Only the wrong sort. All choice of words is slang. It marks a class." / "There is correct English: that is not slang." / "I beg your pardon: correct English is the slang of prigs who write history and essays. And the strongest slang of all is the slang of poets."
  4. (countable) A particular variety of slang; the slang used by a particular group.
  5. (countable) An item of slang; a slang word or expression.
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Dutch: slang
  • Hebrew: סְלֶנְג(sleng)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

动词(Verb)

slang (third-person singular simple present slangs, present participle slanging, simple past and past participle slanged)

  1. (transitive, dated) To vocally abuse, or shout at.
    • 1888, Rudyard Kipling, “Miss Youghal's Sais”, Plain Tales from the Hills, Folio Society 2007, p. 26,
      Also, he had to keep his temper when he was slanged in the theatre porch by a policeman.
    • 1907, E.M. Forster, The Longest Journey, Part I, XII [Uniform ed., p. 130]:
      Stephen feared that he would yell louder, and was hostile. But they made friends and treated each other, and slanged the proprietor and ragged the pretty girls …
    • 1912, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Lost World[1]:
      "If they had been a row of his favorite Pressmen he could not have slanged them worse."
查看更多(See also)

词源2(Etymology 2)

动词(Verb)

slang

  1. (archaic) simple past tense of sling
    • 1836, Edward Bagnall, Saul and David:
      Before he slang the all-deciding stone []

词源3(Etymology 3)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

名词(Noun)

slang (plural slangs)

  1. (Britain, dialect) Any long, narrow piece of land; a promontory.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Holland to this entry?)

词源4(Etymology 4)

Compare sling.

名词(Noun)

slang (plural slangs)

  1. (Britain, obsolete) A fetter worn on the leg by a convict.
  2. (Britain, obsolete, slang) A counterfeit weight or measure.
  3. (Britain, obsolete, slang) A travelling show, or one of its performances.
  4. (Britain, obsolete, slang) A hawker's license.
  5. (Britain, obsolete, slang) A watchchain.

查看更多(Further reading)

Etymology 5

The same as sling which is also used in this sense. The vowel exhibits the lowering of /ɪ/ before /ŋ/ distinguishing for African American Vernacular English, as in thang for thing, but the word has spread with this pronunciation outside the accents that exhibit this feature.

动词(Verb)

slang (third-person singular simple present slangs, present participle slanging, simple past and past participle slanged)

  1. (transitive, African-American Vernacular, MLE) To sell (especially illegal drugs).
    • 2014, Cdai (lyrics), “Bail Out”, performed by RondoNumbaNine ft. Cdai:
      Everyday I wake up gotta get back to the gwop
      Just another fuckin day in that gangway slangin rocks
    • 2016, TG Millian (lyrics), “Call Me A Spartan”, performed by Harlem Spartans (Blanco, Zico, Bis, TG Millian, MizorMac):
      Whip, whip in the trap do up kitchen that's food (that's food)
      Cookin up grub
      Fuck, these niggas cookin up soup (uhhhhh)
      Slang the crack or the black
      Put the light and dark on the move
      Gold and brown and cute
      Gyal love me and I love them too (too)
    • 2017, Digga D (lyrics), “Next Up?”, performed by 1011 (Digga D x Sav'O x T.Y):
      Bro I’m booky, I’ll take your food if my belly starts rumbling
      They rap about bootings, they ain’t blammed nobody
      Hold that properly when I bang that dotty
      I put sniff in a rex, and I slang that bobby

变位词(Anagrams)


Afrikaans

词源(Etymology)

From Dutch slang (snake, serpent), from Middle Dutch slange (snake, serpent), from Old Dutch slango (snake, serpent), from Proto-Germanic *slangô (snake, serpent).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

slang (plural slange)

  1. snake; serpent
    • 1983, E. P. Groenewald et al. (translators), Bybel, Genesis 3:2:
      Die vrou het die slang geantwoord: “Ons mag eet van die vrugte van die bome in die tuin.
      The woman answered the serpent: “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden.

关联词(Related terms)


Cebuano

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English slang. A misnomer.

名词(Noun)

slang

  1. (colloquial, informal) twang, foreign accent

形容词(Adjective)

slang

  1. (colloquial, informal) (usually of English speakers) Having a regional or foreign accent.

Czech

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

名词(Noun)

slang m

  1. slang

Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

词源1(Etymology 1)

Borrowed from English slang.

名词(Noun)

slang c (singular definite slangen or slanget, not used in plural form)

  1. Language outside of conventional usage, slang.
Inflection
衍生词(Derived terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

See slange.

动词(Verb)

slang

  1. imperative of slange

Dutch

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle Dutch slange, from Old Dutch slango, from Proto-Germanic *slangô (snake, serpent).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /slɑŋ/
  • Hyphenation: slang
  • Rhymes: -ɑŋ

名词(Noun)

slang f (plural slangen, diminutive slangetje n)

  1. snake, squamate of the suborder Serpentes
    Synonym: serpent
    Hypernym: reptiel
  2. hose (flexible tube)
下义词(Hyponyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
派生词(Descendants)
  • Afrikaans: slang
  • Indonesian: slang (hose)

词源2(Etymology 2)

Borrowed from English slang.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

slang n (plural slangs, diminutive slangetje n)

  1. language outside the conventional register specific to a social group, slang

变位词(Anagrams)


French

词源(Etymology)

From English slang

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

slang m (plural slangs)

  1. English slang
    Twain fut un des premiers auteurs provenant des terres intérieures des États-Unis qui a su capturer la distinction, le slang comique et l'iconoclasme de sa nation.

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)


Indonesian

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Dutch slang (snake, hose), from Middle Dutch slange, from Old Dutch slango, from Proto-Germanic *slangô (snake, serpent).

名词(Noun)

slang (plural, first-person possessive slangku, second-person possessive slangmu, third-person possessive slangnya)

  1. hose (flexible tube).

词源2(Etymology 2)

From English slang.

名词(Noun)

slang (plural, first-person possessive slangku, second-person possessive slangmu, third-person possessive slangnya)

  1. (linguistic) slang, unconventional language.

查看更多(Further reading)


Limburgish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Dutch slang.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

slang f

  1. hose (flexible tube)
Inflection

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

词源2(Etymology 2)

Borrowed from English slang.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

slang f

  1. slang
Inflection

This entry needs an inflection-table template.


Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

词源1(Etymology 1)

From English slang

名词(Noun)

slang m (definite singular slangen)

  1. slang (non-standard informal language)
关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

动词(Verb)

slang

  1. imperative of slange

来源参考(References)


Norwegian Nynorsk

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

词源(Etymology)

From English slang

名词(Noun)

slang m (definite singular slangen)

  1. slang (non-standard informal language)

关联词(Related terms)

来源参考(References)


Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

词源(Etymology)

From English slang.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

slang m inan

  1. slang (jargon or cant)

变化形式(Declension)

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • slangowy
  • slangowo

查看更多(Further reading)

  • slang in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from English slang.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

slang n (plural slanguri)

  1. slang

变化形式(Declension)

同义词(Synonyms)

  • argou

Swedish

名词(Noun)

slang c

  1. hose, tube, flexible pipe
  2. (uncountable) slang (language)

变化形式(Declension)

Declension of slang 1
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative slang slangen slangar slangarna
Genitive slangs slangens slangars slangarnas
Declension of slang 2
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative slang slangen
Genitive slangs slangens

变位词(Anagrams)


Tagalog

名词(Noun)

slang

  1. (colloquial, informal) A thick foreign accent in English.
    Ayos ka mag-Ingles a, parang Kano, slang na slang!
    That's some English diction you have, like an American, with their accent!

West Frisian

词源(Etymology)

From Old Frisian *slanga, from Proto-Germanic *slangô.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

slang c (plural slangen, diminutive slankje)

  1. snake

替代形式(Alternative forms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • slang”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

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