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替代形式(Alternative forms)


  • (UK) enPR: smōk, IPA(key): /sməʊk/
  • (US) enPR: smōk, IPA(key): /smoʊk/
  • Rhymes: -əʊk

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English smoke, from Old English smoca (smoke), probably a derivative of the verb (see below). Related to Dutch smook (smoke), Middle Low German smôk (smoke), dialectal German Schmauch (smoke).


Smoke (1)

smoke (countable and uncountable, plural smokes)

  1. (uncountable) The visible vapor/vapour, gases, and fine particles given off by burning or smoldering material.
    • 2013 June 29, “Unspontaneous combustion”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 29:
      Since the mid-1980s, when Indonesia first began to clear its bountiful forests on an industrial scale in favour of lucrative palm-oil plantations, “haze” has become an almost annual occurrence in South-East Asia. The cheapest way to clear logged woodland is to burn it, producing an acrid cloud of foul white smoke that, carried by the wind, can cover hundreds, or even thousands, of square miles.
  2. (colloquial, countable) A cigarette.
    • 2019, Idles, "Never Fight a Man With a Perm", Joy as an Act of Resistance.
      I said I've got a penchant for smokes and kicking douches in the mouth / Sadly for you my last cigarette's gone out
    Can I bum a smoke off you?;  I need to go buy some smokes.
  3. (colloquial, uncountable) Anything to smoke (e.g. cigarettes, marijuana, etc.)
    Hey, you got some smoke?
  4. (colloquial, countable, never plural) An instance of smoking a cigarette, cigar, etc.; the duration of this act.
    I'm going out for a smoke.
  5. (uncountable, figuratively) A fleeting illusion; something insubstantial, evanescent, unreal, transitory, or without result.
    The excitement behind the new candidate proved to be smoke.
    • 1974, John le Carré, Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy, New York: Knopf, Chapter 6, p. 44,[1]
      I fed her a lot of smoke about a sheep station outside Adelaide and a big property in the high street with a glass front and ‘Thomas’ in lights. She didn’t believe me.
  6. (uncountable, figuratively) Something used to obscure or conceal; an obscuring condition; see also smoke and mirrors.
    The smoke of controversy.
  7. (uncountable) A light grey colour/color tinted with blue.
  8. (uncountable, slang) bother; problems; hassle
    You better not be giving me no smoke.
  9. (military, uncountable) A particulate of solid or liquid particles dispersed into the air on the battlefield to degrade enemy ground or for aerial observation. Smoke has many uses--screening smoke, signaling smoke, smoke curtain, smoke haze, and smoke deception. Thus it is an artificial aerosol.
  10. (baseball, slang) A fastball.
衍生词(Derived terms)

See smoke/translations § Noun.



  1. Of the colour known as smoke.
  2. Made of or with smoke.
    • 2006, Edwin Black, chapter 1, in Internal Combustion[2]:
      If successful, Edison and Ford—in 1914—would move society away from the [] hazards of gasoline cars: air and water pollution, noise and noxiousness, constant coughing and the undeniable rise in cancers caused by smoke exhaust particulates.
关联词(Related terms)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English smoken, from Old English smocian (to smoke, emit smoke; fumigate), from Proto-West Germanic *smokōn, from Proto-Germanic *smukōną (to smoke), ablaut derivative of Proto-Germanic *smaukaną (to smoke), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)mewg- (to smoke). Cognate with Saterland Frisian smookje (to smoke), West Frisian smoke (to smoke), Low German smöken (to smoke), German Low German smoken (to smoke). Related also to Old English smēocan (to smoke, emit smoke; fumigate), Bavarian schmuckelen (to smell bad, reek).


smoke (third-person singular simple present smokes, present participle smoking, simple past and past participle smoked)

  1. (transitive) To inhale and exhale the smoke from a burning cigarette, cigar, pipe, etc.
    He's smoking his pipe.
  2. (intransitive) To inhale and exhale tobacco smoke.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, in The Celebrity:
      He used to drop into my chambers once in a while to smoke, and was first-rate company. When I gave a dinner there was generally a cover laid for him. I liked the man for his own sake, and even had he promised to turn out a celebrity it would have had no weight with me.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      To Edward [] he was terrible, nerve-inflaming, poisonously asphyxiating. He sat rocking himself in the late Mr. Churchill's swing chair, smoking and twaddling.
    Do you smoke?
  3. (intransitive) To give off smoke.
    My old truck was still smoking even after the repairs.
    • 1645, John Milton, L'Allegro
      Hard by a cottage chimney smokes.
    1. (intransitive) Of a fire in a fireplace: to emit smoke outward instead of up the chimney, owing to imperfect draught.
  4. (transitive) To preserve or prepare (food) for consumption by treating with smoke.
    You'll need to smoke the meat for several hours.
  5. (transitive) To dry or medicate by smoke.
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To fill or scent with smoke; hence, to fill with incense; to perfume.
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To make unclear or blurry.
    • 1820, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Oedipus Tyrannus; Or, Swellfoot The Tyrant: A Tragedy in Two Acts:
      Smoke your bits of glass,
      Ye loyal Swine, or her transfiguration
      Will blind your wondering eyes.
  8. (intransitive, slang, chiefly as present participle) To perform (e.g. music) energetically or skillfully.
    The horn section was really smokin' on that last tune.
  9. (US, Canada, New Zealand, slang) To beat someone at something.
    We smoked them at rugby.
  10. (transitive, US, slang) To kill, especially with a gun.
    He got smoked by the mob.
    • 1993, Joseph T. Stanik, "Swift and Effective Retribution": The U.S. Sixth Fleet and the Confrontation with Qaddafi (The U.S. Navy in the Modern World Series; 3)‎[3], Naval Historical Center:
      Ordnancemen stenciled bombs with “greetings” on behalf of friends and loved ones back home or slogans playing on beer and cigarette advertisements, like “To Muammar: For all you do, this bomb's for you” or “I'd fly 10,000 miles to smoke a camel.”
  11. (transitive, slang, obsolete) To thrash; to beat.
  12. (obsolete, transitive) To smell out; to hunt out; to find out; to detect.
  13. (slang, obsolete, transitive) To ridicule to the face; to mock.
  14. To burn; to be kindled; to rage.
  15. To raise a dust or smoke by rapid motion.
    • 1697, “Aeneis”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis.[], London: [] Jacob Tonson,[], OCLC 403869432:
      Proud of his steeds, he smokes along the field.
  16. To suffer severely; to be punished.
  17. (transitive, US military slang) To punish (a person) for a minor offense by excessive physical exercise.
  18. (transitive) To cover (a key blank) with soot or carbon to aid in seeing the marks made by impressioning.
  • (to inhale and exhale smoke from a burning cigarette): have a smoke
衍生词(Derived terms)
  • Dutch: smoken
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

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