万维词典

【stem】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: Stem and STEM

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: stĕm, IPA(key): /stɛm/
  • Rhymes: -ɛm

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English stem, stemme, stempne, stevin, from Old English stemn, from Proto-Germanic *stamniz.

名词(Noun)

stem (plural stems)

  1. The stock of a family; a race or generation of progenitors.
  2. A branch of a family.
  3. An advanced or leading position; the lookout.
  4. (botany) The above-ground stalk (technically axis) of a vascular plant, and certain anatomically similar, below-ground organs such as rhizomes, bulbs, tubers, and corms.
    • 1736, Sir Walter Raleigh, The History of the World in Five Books
      After they are shot up thirty feet in length, they spread a very large top, having no bough nor twig in the trunk or the stem.
  5. A slender supporting member of an individual part of a plant such as a flower or a leaf; also, by analogy, the shaft of a feather.
    the stem of an apple or a cherry
    • 2013 May-June, William E. Conner, “An Acoustic Arms Race”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 206-7:
      Earless ghost swift moths become “invisible” to echolocating bats by forming mating clusters close (less than half a meter) above vegetation and effectively blending into the clutter of echoes that the bat receives from the leaves and stems around them.
  6. A narrow part on certain man-made objects, such as a wine glass, a tobacco pipe, a spoon.
  7. (linguistics) The main part of an uninflected word to which affixes may be added to form inflections of the word. A stem often has a more fundamental root. Systematic conjugations and declensions derive from their stems.
  8. (slang) A person's leg.
    • 2008, Lori Wilde, Rhonda Nelson, Cara Summers, August Harlequin Blaze
      She was perfectly, fuckably proportioned everywhere else, both above and below her waist. A pocket-size Venus, with the longest stems he'd ever seen on someone so dang diminutive.
  9. (slang) The penis.
    • 2005, Eric Bogosian, Wasted Beauty, page 135:
      Waves of ecstasy roll through him as the moustachioed Casanova slides his stem in and out of the spaced-out chick.
  10. (typography) A vertical stroke of a letter.
  11. (music) A vertical stroke marking the length of a note in written music.
    Synonyms: tail, (obsolete) virgula
  12. (music) A premixed portion of a track for use in audio mastering and remixing.
    • 2019, Karl Pedersen; Mark Grimshaw-Aagaard, The Recording, Mixing, and Mastering Reference Handbook, Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 268:
      Stem mastering process a mix by breaking it down into severable manageable pieces—that is, stereo stems. The stem approach allows the mastering engineer the opportunity to make larger or smaller changes to separate mix elements before the final compression and limiting are applied to the complete mix.
  13. (nautical) The vertical or nearly vertical forward extension of the keel, to which the forward ends of the planks or strakes are attached.
  14. (cycling) A component on a bicycle that connects the handlebars to the bicycle fork.
  15. (anatomy) A part of an anatomic structure considered without its possible branches or ramifications.
  16. (slang) A crack pipe; or the long, hollow portion of a similar pipe (i.e. meth pipe) resembling a crack pipe.
  17. (chiefly Britain) A winder on a clock, watch, or similar mechanism.
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
来源参考(References)

stem” in the Collins English Dictionary

动词(Verb)

stem (third-person singular simple present stems, present participle stemming, simple past and past participle stemmed)

  1. To remove the stem from.
    to stem cherries; to stem tobacco leaves
  2. To be caused or derived; to originate.
    The current crisis stems from the short-sighted politics of the previous government.
  3. To descend in a family line.
  4. To direct the stem (of a ship) against; to make headway against.
  5. (obsolete) To hit with the stem of a ship; to ram.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.ii:
      As when two warlike Brigandines at sea, / With murdrous weapons arm'd to cruell fight, / Doe meete together on the watry lea, / They stemme ech other with so fell despight, / That with the shocke of their owne heedlesse might, / Their wooden ribs are shaken nigh a sonder []
  6. To ram (clay, etc.) into a blasting hole.
同义词(Synonyms)
翻译(Translations)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English stemmen, a borrowing from Old Norse stemma (to stop, stem, dam) (whence Danish stemme/stæmme (to stem, dam up)), from Proto-Germanic *stammijaną. Cognate with German stemmen, Middle Dutch stemmen, stempen. Compare stammer.

动词(Verb)

stem (third-person singular simple present stems, present participle stemming, simple past and past participle stemmed)

  1. (transitive) To stop, hinder (for instance, a river or blood).
    to stem a tide
  2. (skiing) To move the feet apart and point the tips of the skis inward in order to slow down the speed or to facilitate a turn.
同义词(Synonyms)
翻译(Translations)

词源3(Etymology 3)

名词(Noun)

stem (plural stems)

  1. Alternative form of steem

词源4(Etymology 4)

Acronym of science, technology, engineering, (and) mathematics.

名词(Noun)

stem (plural stems)

  1. Alternative form of STEM
    • 2015 May 29th, BBC News, How do US black students perform at school?
      Stem (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) fields are a particular cause for concern because within them there are more pronounced stereotypes, extreme competitiveness and gender inequities regarding the abilities and competencies of black male and female students.

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Afrikaans

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Dutch stem, from Middle Dutch stemme, from Old Dutch *stemma, from Proto-Germanic *stebnō, *stamnijō.

名词(Noun)

stem (plural stemme)

  1. vote
  2. voice
    • 1921, C.J. Langenhoven (lyrics), M.L. de Villiers (music), “Die Stem van Suid-Afrika”, South Africa:
      Ruis die stem van ons geliefde, van ons land Suid-Afrika.
      Rises the voice of our beloved, of our country South Africa.

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Dutch stemmen.

动词(Verb)

stem (present stem, present participle stemmende, past participle gestem)

  1. to vote

Dutch

词源(Etymology)

From Middle Dutch stemme, from Old Dutch *stemma, from Proto-Germanic *stebnō, *stamnijō. Under influence of Latin vox (voice, word), it acquired the now obsolete sense of “word”.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /stɛm/
  • Hyphenation: stem
  • Rhymes: -ɛm

名词(Noun)

stem f (plural stemmen, diminutive stemmetje n)

  1. voice, sound made by the mouth using airflow
  2. the ability to speak
    Zij is haar stem kwijt.She’s lost her voice.
  3. vote
  4. (obsolete) word
  5. (phonetics) voice, property formed by vibration of the vocal cords

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Afrikaans: stem
  • Indonesian: setem
  • Sranan Tongo: sten

动词(Verb)

stem

  1. first-person singular present indicative of stemmen
  2. imperative of stemmen

变位词(Anagrams)


Latin

动词(Verb)

stem

  1. first-person singular present active subjunctive of stō

Norwegian Bokmål

动词(Verb)

stem

  1. imperative of stemme

Norwegian Nynorsk

动词(Verb)

stem

  1. imperative of stemme

Tok Pisin

词源(Etymology)

From English stamp.

名词(Noun)

stem

  1. stamp

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