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【tart】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: Tart and tárt

英语(English)

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Middle English tart, from Old English teart (sharp, rough, severe), from Proto-Germanic *tartaz (rough, sharp, tearing), from Proto-Germanic *teraną (to tear), from Proto-Indo-European *der- (to flay, split, cleave). Related to Dutch tarten (to defy, challenge, mock), German trotzen (to defy, brave, mock), German zart (delicate, tender), perhaps Albanian thartë (sour, acid, sharp).

形容词(Adjective)

tart (comparative tarter, superlative tartest)

  1. Sharp to the taste; acid; sour.
    I ate a very tart apple.
  2. (of wine) high or too high in acidity.
  3. (figuratively) Sharp; keen; severe.
    He gave me a very tart reply.
同义词(Synonyms)
  • (of wine: high in acidity): green
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

词源2(Etymology 2)

From Middle English tart, tarte, from Old French tarte, tartre (flat pastry) (compare Medieval Latin tarta), of unknown origin. Perhaps an alteration of Old French torte, tourte, from Vulgar Latin *torta, from torta (twisted) panis (bread), from feminine of Latin tortus (twisted, folded over). Cognate to torta.

名词(Noun)

tart (plural tarts)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  1. A type of small open pie, or piece of pastry, containing jelly or conserve; a sort of fruit pie.
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)

词源3(Etymology 3)

From sweetheart or jam tart (attractive woman) by shortening

名词(Noun)

tart (plural tarts)

  1. (Britain, slang) A prostitute.
  2. (Britain, slang, derogatory) By extension, any woman with loose sexual morals.
同义词(Synonyms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

tart (third-person singular simple present tarts, present participle tarting, simple past and past participle tarted)

  1. To practice prostitution
  2. To practice promiscuous sex
  3. To dress garishly, ostentatiously, whorishly, or sluttily
衍生词(Derived terms)

变位词(Anagrams)


Dutch

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

tart

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of tarten
  2. imperative of tarten

Hungarian

发音(Pronunciation)

词源1(Etymology 1)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

动词(Verb)

tart

  1. (transitive) to keep (many different senses overlapping with English, see examples)
    Synonyms: őriz, megőriz
    (somewhere): A fontos papírokat a fiókban tartom.I keep the important documents in the drawer.
    (somehow): A hűtő hidegen tartja az ételt.The refrigerator keeps the food cold.
    (pet): Kutyát tart.S/he keeps a dog.
    (idiomatic): Tartja a szavát.He keeps his word. (i.e. a promise)
  2. (transitive) to hold
    Synonym: fog
    Könyvet tart a kezében.He holds a book in his hand.
  3. (transitive) to support (keep in the same place, withstanding its weight)
    Synonyms: támaszt, megtámaszt
    Antonym: elenged (to let go)
    A falak tartják a tetőt.The walls support the roof.
  4. (intransitive) to take up space or time, extend, to last (-tól/-től-ig)
    Antonyms: végződik, véget ér (to end)
    (in time): Az előadás délig tart.The lecture goes on until noon. (The lecture ends at noon)
    (in space): A dugó a Petőfi utcától a Kossuth utcáig tart.The traffic jam extends from Petőfi Street up to Kossuth Street.
  5. (intransitive) momentarily describing whether a process is still in progress, and if yes how far it has gone
    A könyv elején tartok.I am at the beginning of the book.
    Tart még a film a tévében?Is the film still playing on TV?
  6. (intransitive) to esteem, deem, regard, think highly or poorly of (with -ra/-re)
  7. (intransitive) to head into a direction
    Synonym: megy
    Merre tartasz?Where are you headed?
  8. (intransitive) to fear (of someone or something -tól/-től)
    Synonym: fél
    Tartok a betörőktől.I'm afraid of burglars.
    • 1990, Róbert Hámori, Egérderby, Budapest: Eötvös Kiadó, →ISBN, OCLC 908924874, page 8:
      A dzsip a lépcsőháztól nem messze parkol, balra, ide tessékelnek be, a feszültség azért már oldódik, a rendőrök is érzik, tudják, nincs mitől tartaniuk, épp eléggé elfoglal engem a magam baja, nemhogy szökésre gondoljak.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  9. (intransitive, used with attól) to be afraid, to be regretful, to be sorry
    Synonym: sajnál
    Attól tartok, nem tudok ebben segíteni önnek/neked.I am afraid I cannot help you in this matter.
  10. (mathematics) to converge, have limit at (-hoz/-hez/-höz or -ba/-be)
    A sorozat 0-hoz tart.The sequence converges to 0.
动词变化形式(Conjugation)
衍生词(Derived terms)
Compound words

(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

词源2(Etymology 2)

tar (bald) +‎ -t (accusative suffix)

形容词(Adjective)

tart

  1. accusative singular of tar

查看更多(Further reading)

  • tart in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Irish

词源(Etymology)

From Old Irish tart, from Proto-Celtic *tartus, from Proto-Indo-European *térstus, from *ters- (dry).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

tart m (genitive singular tarta)

  1. thirst
    tart orm.I am thirsty. (literally, “Thirst is on me.”)
    Chuir an liamhás tart air.The ham made him thirsty. (literally, “The ham put thirst on him.”)

变化形式(Declension)

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tart thart dtart
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

来源参考(References)


中古英语(Middle English)

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Old English teart, from Proto-Germanic *tartaz.

替代形式(Alternative forms)

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

tart (rare)

  1. Sour, tart; having much acidity.
  2. (Early Middle English) Acute, keen; showing sharpness.
派生词(Descendants)
  • English: tart, teart
  • Scots: tairt
来源参考(References)

词源2(Etymology 2)

名词(Noun)

tart

  1. Alternative form of tarte

Norwegian Bokmål

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse tartr. Doublet of tert.

名词(Noun)

tart m (definite singular tarten, indefinite plural tarter, definite plural tartene)

  1. (zoology) a small salmon
    Synonym: svele

来源参考(References)

变位词(Anagrams)


Norwegian Nynorsk

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse tartr. Doublet of tert.

名词(Noun)

tart m (definite singular tarten, indefinite plural tartar, definite plural tartane)

  1. (zoology) a small salmon
    Synonyms: silung, svelung, svele

来源参考(References)

变位词(Anagrams)


Old French

形容词(Adjective)

tart m (oblique and nominative feminine singular tarde)

  1. late (after the end of a given period)

副词(Adverb)

tart

  1. late (after the end of a given period)

关联词(Related terms)

派生词(Descendants)


Old Irish

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Proto-Celtic *tartus, from Proto-Indo-European *térstus, from *ters- (dry).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

tart m (genitive tarta)

  1. thirst
Inflection
Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative tart tartL tartae
Vocative tart tartL tartu
Accusative tartN tartL tartu
Genitive tartoH, tartaH tarto, tarta tartaeN
Dative tartL tartaib tartaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
派生词(Descendants)

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
tart thart tart
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

词源2(Etymology 2)

See the etymology of the main entry.

发音(Pronunciation)

动词(Verb)

·tart

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive perfective prototonic of do·beir

Mutation

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
·tart ·thart ·tart
pronounced with /-d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

来源参考(References)


Old Norse

名词(Noun)

tart

  1. accusative singular indefinite of tartr m

Polish

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

tart

  1. genitive plural of tarta

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