万维词典

【temple】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: Temple and templé

英语(English)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: tĕm'p(ə)l, IPA(key): /ˈtɛmp(ə)l/
  • Rhymes: -ɛmpəl

词源1(Etymology 1)

The Temple of Isis from Philae (Egypt)
Maison Carrée from Nîmes (France), one of the best preserved Roman temples to survive in the territory of the former Roman Empire
Ryusenji temple from Osaka (Japan)

From Middle English temple, from Old English templ, tempel, borrowed from Latin templum (shrine, temple, area for auspices). Compare Old High German tempal (temple), also a borrowing from the Latin.

名词(Noun)

temple (plural temples)

  1. A house of worship, especially:
    1. A house of worship dedicated to a polytheistic faith.
      The temple of Zeus was very large.
    2. (Judaism) Synonym of synagogue, especially a non-Orthodox synagogue.
      How often do you go to temple?
    3. (Mormonism) A church closed to non-Mormons and necessary for particular rituals.
    4. (in Japan) A Buddhist house of worship, as opposed to a Shinto shrine.
  2. A meeting house of the Oddfellows fraternity; its members.
  3. (figuratively) Any place regarded as holding a religious presence.
  4. (figuratively) Any place seen as an important centre for some activity.
    a temple of commerce, a temple of drinking and dining
  5. (figuratively) Anything regarded as important or minutely cared for.
    My body is my temple.
    • 1602, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, act 1, scene 3, lines 11–14:
      For nature crescent does not grow alone
      In thews and bulks, but as this temple waxes,
      The inward service of the mind and soul
      Grows wide withal.
  6. (figuratively) A gesture wherein the forefingers are outstretched and touch pad to pad while the other fingers are clasped together.
    • 2010, James LePore, A World I Never Made, page 251:
      Again Abdullah listened intently, his eyes closed, his ten fingers forming a temple of his hands in front of him.

用法注意(Usage notes)

  • This word is rarely used in English to refer to a Christian house of worship, especially in Western Christianity.
同义词(Synonyms)
下义词(Hyponyms)
  • (house of worship): church (Christian, usually distinguished); mosque (Muslim, usually distinguished); synagogue (Jewish); athenaeum (dedicated to Athena), Mithraeum (dedicated to Mithras); Iseum, Iseion (dedicated to Isis); serapeum (dedicated to Serapis); hecatompedon (a temple of 100 feet length or square)
相关搭配(Coordinate terms)
衍生词(Derived terms)
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

动词(Verb)

temple (third-person singular simple present temples, present participle templing, simple past and past participle templed)

  1. (transitive) To build a temple for; to appropriate a temple to; to temple a god
    • 1623, Owen Feltham, Resolves: Divine, Moral, Political
      though the Heathen (in many places) Templed and adored this drunken God

词源2(Etymology 2)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Temple in anatomy

From Middle English temple, from Old French temple, from Vulgar Latin *temp(u)la, from Latin tempora (the temples), plural of tempus (temple, head, face). See temporal bone.

名词(Noun)

temple (plural temples)

  1. (anatomy) The slightly flatter region, on either side of the human head, behind of the eye and forehead, above the zygomatic arch, and forward of the ear.
  2. (ophthalmology) Either of the sidepieces on a set of spectacles, extending backwards from the hinge toward the ears and, usually, turning down around them.
关联词(Related terms)
翻译(Translations)

词源3(Etymology 3)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Borrowed from Latin templum (a small timber, a purlin); compare templet and template.

名词(Noun)

temple (plural temples)

  1. (weaving) A contrivance used in a loom for keeping the web stretched transversely.
翻译(Translations)

查看更多(Further reading)

变位词(Anagrams)


Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin templum.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

temple m (plural temples)

  1. temple (building)

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


French

词源(Etymology)

From Old French temple, borrowed from Latin templum, from Proto-Indo-European *t(e)mp-lo-s, from the root *temp- (to stretch, string).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

temple m (plural temples)

  1. temple (for worship)
  2. hall
    Le Temple de la renommée du hockey.
    The Hockey Hall of Fame.

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Old French

词源1(Etymology 1)

From Vulgar Latin *temp(u)la, from Latin tempora, plural of tempus.

名词(Noun)

temple m (oblique plural temples, nominative singular temples, nominative plural temple)

  1. (anatomy) temple
派生词(Descendants)
  • French: tempe
  • Middle English: temple

词源2(Etymology 2)

Borrowed from Latin templum.

名词(Noun)

temple m (oblique plural temples, nominative singular temples, nominative plural temple)

  1. temple (building where religious services take place)

派生词(Descendants)


Old Spanish

词源(Etymology)

From Old Occitan temple or Old French temple. Compare the inherited tiemplo and the learned form templo, all ultimately from Latin templum.

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

temple m (plural temples)

  1. temple
    • c. 1200, Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 53v.
      embiol ael aſenachaerib toda la plata q́ pudo trobar en la del criador. e el teſoro de los reẏſ. eſtoz cranto ezechias las puertas del temple e todo quanto pudo aù embiolo al reẏ de ſiria esto peſo al criador
      He sent Sennacherib all the silver he could find in the [house] of the Creator and the treasury of the kings. Then Hezekiah broke the doors of the temple and all that there was he sent to the king of Assyria. This weighed upon the Creator.

同义词(Synonyms)


Spanish

词源(Etymology)

Regressively derived from the verb templar.

名词(Noun)

temple m (plural temples)

  1. mood; humour (of a person)
    • 1897, Benito Pérez Galdós, Misericordia:
      Halló a Doña Paca de mal temple, porque se había parecido en la casa, muy de mañana, un dependiente de la tienda, y habíala insultado con expresiones brutales y soeces.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. mettle; courage; spunk
  3. tempering
  4. temperature
  5. (music) tuning
  6. (bullfighting) a move of the cape before a charge

动词(Verb)

temple

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of templar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of templar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of templar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of templar.

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