万维词典

【thesaurus】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: Thesaurus and thésaurus
For the Wiktionary thesaurus, see Wiktionary:Thesaurus

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

16th century, from Latin thēsaurus, from Ancient Greek θησαυρός (thēsaurós, storehouse, treasure); its current English usage/meaning was established soon after the publication of Peter Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases in 1852. Doublet of treasure.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /θɪˈsɔːɹəs/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːɹəs

名词(Noun)

thesaurus (plural thesauri or thesauruses)

  1. A publication, usually in the form of a book, that provides synonyms (and sometimes antonyms) for the words of a given language.
    "Roget" is the leading brand name for a print English thesaurus that lists words under general concepts rather than just close synonyms.
  2. (archaic) A dictionary or encyclopedia.
  3. (information science) A hierarchy of subject headingscanonic titles of themes and topics, the titles serving as search keys.

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

查看更多(Further reading)


Latin

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

From Ancient Greek θησαυρός (thēsaurós, storehouse, treasure).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

thēsaurus m (genitive thēsaurī); second declension

  1. treasure, hoard
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Daniel 1:2
      [] et vasa intulit in domum thesauri dei sui
      " [] and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god."
  2. a dear friend, loved one
  3. a vault for treasure
  4. chest, strongbox
  5. repository, collection

变化形式(Declension)

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative thēsaurus thēsaurī
Genitive thēsaurī thēsaurōrum
Dative thēsaurō thēsaurīs
Accusative thēsaurum thēsaurōs
Ablative thēsaurō thēsaurīs
Vocative thēsaure thēsaurī

衍生词(Derived terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • Albanian: thesar
  • Catalan: tresor, tesaurus
  • English: thesaurus
    • Welsh: thesawrws
  • French: thésaurus
  • Italian: tesauro, tesoro

来源参考(References)

  • thesaurus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • thesaurus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • thesaurus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • thesaurus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • thesaurus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • thesaurus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese

名词(Noun)

thesaurus m (plural thesauri or thesaurus)

  1. thesaurus (dictionary of synonyms)
    Synonyms: dicionário de sinônimos, tesauro

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