万维词典

【transitive】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

英语(English)

Set theory: An example of a transitivity relation.

词源(Etymology)

From Latin trānsitīvus, from trānsitus, from trāns (across) + itus, from (to go).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • enPR: trăn'zĭtĭv, IPA(key): /ˈtɹænzɪtɪv/

形容词(Adjective)

transitive (not comparable)

  1. Making a transit or passage.
    • 1841-1843, Ralph Waldo Emerson, The Poet:
      For all symbols are fluxional; all language is vehicular and transitive, and is good, as ferries and horses are, for conveyance, not as farms and houses are, for homestead.
  2. Affected by transference of signification.
    • 1843, John Stuart Mill, A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive:
      By far the greater part of the transitive or derivative applications of words depend on casual and unaccountable caprices of the feelings or the fancy.
  3. (grammar, of a verb) Taking a direct object or objects.
    Antonym: intransitive
    The English verb "to notice" is a transitive verb, because we say things like "She noticed a problem".
    • 1908, G. K. Chesterton, Orthodoxy:
      Men have tried to turn "revolutionise" from a transitive to an intransitive verb.
  4. (set theory, of a relation on a set) Having the property that if an element x is related to y and y is related to z, then x is necessarily related to z.
    Antonyms: intransitive, nontransitive
    "Is an ancestor of" is a transitive relation: if Alice is an ancestor of Bob, and Bob is an ancestor of Carol, then Alice is an ancestor of Carol.
  5. (algebra, of a group action) Such that, for any two elements of the acted-upon set, some group element maps the first to the second.
  6. (graph theory, of a graph) Such that, for any two vertices there exists an automorphism which maps one to the other.

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

查看更多(See also)

来源参考(References)

变位词(Anagrams)


French

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

transitive

  1. feminine singular of transitif

German

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

transitive

  1. inflection of transitiv:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Italian

形容词(Adjective)

transitive

  1. feminine plural of transitivo

变位词(Anagrams)


Latin

形容词(Adjective)

trānsitīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of trānsitīvus

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