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【velum】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

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See also: vélum and vellum

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin vēlum (a cloth, covering, awning, curtain, veil). Doublet of veil.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈviː.ləm/, /ˈvɛl.əm/

名词(Noun)

velum (plural vela or velums)

  1. A thin membrane resembling a veil or curtain, such as:
    1. (anatomy) The soft palate.
    2. (botany) A thin membrane partially covering the cluster of sporangia near the leaf base in quillworts and their extinct relatives.
    3. (mycology) A veil-like membrane of immature mushrooms extending from the margin of the cap to the stem and is torn by growth, to reveal the gills.
    4. (malacology) A locomotory and feeding organ provided with cilia found in the larval stage of bivalves.
    5. (zoology) A annular membrane, typically bordering a cavity, especially in certain molluscs, medusae, and other invertebrates.
    6. A delicate membrane found on certain protists.
  2. (meteorology) An accessory cloud resembling a veil extending over a large distance; normally associated with cumulus and cumulonimbus.

衍生词(Derived terms)

来源参考(References)

变位词(Anagrams)


Faroese

名词(Noun)

velum

  1. indefinite dative plural of vel

French

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin velum (veil, sail).

名词(Noun)

velum m (plural velums)

  1. velum

Latin

vēla rubra (red sails)

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Indo-European *weg- (to weave a web) or *weǵʰ- (to ride), thus "that which propels" (compare its diminutive noun vexillum, as in pālus, paxillus). If the latter, a direct cognate is Proto-Slavic *veslo (oar).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

vēlum n (genitive vēlī); second declension

  1. A cloth, covering, curtain, veil, awning.
    • a. 224, Ulpiānus, Dīgesta seu Pandectae[1], volume XXX, 41.10:
      Sed sī cancellī sint vel vēla, lēgārī poterunt, nōn tamen fistulae vel castellī.
      But while bar-doors or their veils can be legated, not so water-pipes or water-basins.
  2. (usually in the plural) The sail of a ship.

Inflection

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vēlum vēla
Genitive vēlī vēlōrum
Dative vēlō vēlīs
Accusative vēlum vēla
Ablative vēlō vēlīs
Vocative vēlum vēla

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

派生词(Descendants)

来源参考(References)

  • velum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • velum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • velum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • velum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to put to sea: vela in altum dare (Liv. 25. 27)
    • (ambiguous) to set the sails: vela facere, pandere
    • (ambiguous) to set the sails: vela dare
    • (ambiguous) to furl the sails: vela contrahere (also metaph.)
    • (ambiguous) sails and rigging: vela armamentaque
  • velum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

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