万维词典

【verbal】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: vèrbal

英语(English)

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

词源(Etymology)

From Old French verbal, from Late Latin verbālis (belonging to a word). Equivalent to verb +‎ -al.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

verbal (not comparable)

  1. Of or relating to words.
    Synonym: wordish
  2. Concerned with the words, rather than the substance of a text.
  3. Consisting of words only.
    Antonyms: non-verbal, substantive
    • 1864, Henry Mayhew, German Life and Manners as Seen in Saxony at the Present
      We subjoin an engraving [] which will give the reader a far better notion of the structure than any verbal description could convey to the mind.
    • 1861, Charles Dickens, Great Expectations:
      It was not a verbal remark, but a proceeding in dumb-show
  4. Expressly spoken rather than written; oral.
    a verbal contract
    a verbal testimony
    • 1861, Charles Dickens, Great Expectations:
      You can't have verbal communication with a man in New South Wales, you know.
    • 1944, George Orwell, “What is Fascism?”, in Tribune:
      I am not speaking of the verbal use of the term 'Fascist'. I am speaking of what I have seen in print.
  5. (grammar) Derived from, or having the nature of a verb.
    Synonym: rhematic
  6. (grammar) Used to form a verb.
  7. Capable of speech.
    Antonym: preverbal
    • 2005, Avril V. Brereton, Bruce J. Tonge, Pre-schoolers with autism (page 55)
      How do these language problems affect the behaviour of verbal children?
  8. Word for word.
    Synonyms: literal, verbatim
    a verbal translation
  9. (obsolete) Abounding with words; verbose.

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (of or relating to speech or words): lectic

反义词(Antonyms)

  • (expressly spoken or written): implied
  • (expressly stated): unsaid

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

翻译(Translations)

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

名词(Noun)

verbal (countable and uncountable, plural verbals)

  1. (countable, grammar) A verb form which does not function as a predicate, or a word derived from a verb. In English, infinitives, participles and gerunds are verbals.
    Synonym: non-finite verb
  2. (countable, UK, Ireland) A spoken confession given to police.
    • 1982, New South Wales. Parliament, Parliamentary Debates, page 2496:
      They were convicted on the evidence of an agent provocateur named Richard Seary, backed up by police verbals from three police officers who gave evidence of six verbals in which the three accused were supposed to have admitted their guilt.
  3. (uncountable, UK, Ireland, colloquial) Talk; speech, especially banter or scolding.
    • 2013, Lenny McLean, The Guv'nor
      We'd give him a bit of verbal, out would come the bouncers, chucking their weight about, and it would all end in a right tear-up.

翻译(Translations)

动词(Verb)

verbal (third-person singular simple present verbals, present participle verballing, simple past and past participle verballed)

  1. (transitive, Britain, Australia) To induce into fabricating a confession.
    • 1982, John A. Andrews, Human Rights in Criminal Procedure: A Comparative Study, →ISBN, BRILL, page 128:
      "The problem of 'verballing' is unlikely to disappear, whatever the legal status of the person detained."
    • 2001, Chris Cunneen, Conflict, Politics and Crime: Aboriginal Communities and the Police, →ISBN, Allen & Unwin, page 116:
      "Condren had always claimed that he was assaulted and verballed by police over the murder he had supposedly confessed to committing."
    • 2004, Jeremy Gans & Andrew Palmer, Australian Principles of Evidence, →ISBN, Routledge Cavendish, page 504:
      "Moreover, given the risk of verballing, it is by no means apparent that it is in the interests of justice that the prosecution have the benefit of admissions that are made on occasions when recordings are impracticable."

变位词(Anagrams)


Aragonese

形容词(Adjective)

verbal m or f (plural verbals)

  1. (grammar) verbal (relating to verbs)

关联词(Related terms)


Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From Late Latin verbālis.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

verbal (masculine and feminine plural verbals)

  1. verbal (of or relating to words)
  2. verbal (spoken rather than written)
  3. (grammar) verbal (relating to verbs)

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


French

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Late Latin verbālis. Synchronically analysable as verbe +‎ -al.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

verbal (feminine singular verbale, masculine plural verbaux, feminine plural verbales)

  1. verbal

衍生词(Derived terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


German

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /vɛʁˈbaːl/
  • Rhymes: -aːl

形容词(Adjective)

verbal (not comparable)

  1. verbal
    Synonym: mündlich

变化形式(Declension)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • verbal” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • verbal” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon

Indonesian

词源(Etymology)

From Dutch verbaal, from Middle French verbal, from Latin verbālis. Doublet of perbal.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): [vərˈbal]
  • Hyphenation: vêr‧bal

形容词(Adjective)

verbal or vêrbal

  1. verbal,
    1. expressly spoken rather than written; oral.
    2. (linguistics) pertaining to verbs

查看更多(Further reading)


Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

From Late Latin verbālis.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /veʁˈbaw/, [veɦˈbaʊ̯]
    • IPA(key): (São Paulo) /veɾˈbaw/, [veɾˈbaʊ̯]
    • IPA(key): (Rio) /veʁˈbaw/, [veʁˈbaʊ̯]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /vɨɾˈbal/, [vɨɾˈβaɫ]
  • Hyphenation: ver‧bal
  • Rhymes: -al, -aw

形容词(Adjective)

verbal m or f (plural verbais, comparable)

  1. verbal, oral
  2. (grammar) verbal (derived from, or having the nature of a verb)

衍生词(Derived terms)


Romanian

词源(Etymology)

From French verbal, from Latin verbalis.

形容词(Adjective)

verbal m or n (feminine singular verbală, masculine plural verbali, feminine and neuter plural verbale)

  1. verbal

变化形式(Declension)


Spanish

词源(Etymology)

From Late Latin verbālis.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /beɾˈbal/, [beɾˈβ̞al]

形容词(Adjective)

verbal (plural verbales)

  1. verbal (of or relating to words)
  2. verbal (spoken rather than written)
  3. (grammar) verbal (relating to verbs)

衍生词(Derived terms)

名词(Noun)

verbal m or f (plural verbales)|verbales

  1. (grammar) verbal

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Westrobothnian

词源(Etymology)

From Old Norse *viðribarðr (from berja.)

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /²ˈʋɪːɾˌbɑːɽ/, /²ˈʋɪːɾˌbɒːɽ/

形容词(Adjective)

verbal

  1. weather-beaten

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