万维词典

【verbum】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

See also: Verbum

Afrikaans

名词(Noun)

verbum (plural verba)

  1. verb

同义词(Synonyms)


Czech

词源(Etymology)

Latin verbum

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

verbum n

  1. verb

同义词(Synonyms)

变化形式(Declension)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)

  • verbum in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • verbum in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

词源(Etymology)

From Latin verbum (word). In the grammatical sense, the Latin word translated Ancient Greek ῥῆμα (rhêma, word, verb).

发音(Pronunciation)

名词(Noun)

verbum n (singular definite verbet, plural indefinite verber)

  1. (grammar) verb (a word that indicates an action, event, or a state)

Inflection

同义词(Synonyms)

来源参考(References)


Dutch

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from Latin verbum.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɛr.bʏm/
  • Hyphenation: ver‧bum

名词(Noun)

verbum n (plural verba)

  1. (grammar) verb
    Synonym: werkwoord

用法注意(Usage notes)

In Dutch verbum is a relatively technical term chiefly used by specialists, such as linguists and historians, and people with training in classical languages. The more generally understood term is werkwoord.

关联词(Related terms)


Latin

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

词源(Etymology)

From Proto-Italic *werβom, from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰh₁om (word). Cognate with Umbrian 𐌖𐌄𐌓𐌚𐌀𐌋𐌄 (uerfale), English word.

In the grammatical sense of “verb”, it is a calque of Ancient Greek ῥῆμᾰ (rhêma).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈu̯er.bum/, [ˈu̯ɛrbʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈver.bum/, [ˈvɛrbum]

名词(Noun)

verbum n (genitive verbī); second declension

  1. word
    • [90-110] Biblia [Bible], volume Novum Testamentum [New Testament] (canonical gospel, in Aramaic), Evangelium secundum Ioannem [Gospel according to John], chapter 1, verse 1, line 1–3:
      In principio erat Verbum,
      et Verbum erat apud Deum,
      et Deus erat Verbum.
      In principle was the Word,
      the Word was with God
      and the Word was God.
    Res, non verba.actions speak louder than words (literally, “things, not words”)
  2. proverb, saying
  3. (grammar) verb
  4. (in the plural) language, discourse, expressions

变化形式(Declension)

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative verbum verba
Genitive verbī verbōrum
Dative verbō verbīs
Accusative verbum verba
Ablative verbō verbīs
Vocative verbum verba

同义词(Synonyms)

  • (verb): verbum temporāle

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • adverbium
  • proverbium
  • verbālis
  • verbātim
  • verbōsus
  • Verbum
  • verbum actīvum
  • verbum auxiliāre
  • verbum causātīvum
  • verbum commūne
  • verbum dēfectīvum
  • verbum dēminūtīvum
  • verbum dēnōminātīvum
  • verbum dēpōnēns
  • verbum dēsīderātīvum
  • verbum diminūtīvum
  • verbum factitīvum
  • verbum frequentātīvum
  • verbum imitātīvum
  • verbum impersōnāle
  • verbum inchoātīvum
  • verbum intēnsīvum
  • verbum intrānsitīvum
  • verbum irrēgulāre
  • verbum iterātīvum
  • verbum neutrum
  • verbum passīvum
  • verbum persōnāle
  • verbum reciprocum
  • verbum reflexīvum
  • verbum rēgulāre
  • verbum substantīvum
  • verbum trānsitīvum

关联词(Related terms)

派生词(Descendants)

  • French: verve
  • Ladino: byervo
  • Old Portuguese: vervo, verva
  • Old Spanish: vierbo
  • Romanian: vorbă (possibly)
  • Sardinian: belvu, berbu

来源参考(References)

  • verbum”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary[], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • verbum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • verbum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to crave humbly; to supplicate: supplicibus verbis orare
    • what he said made a deep impression on..: hoc verbum alte descendit in pectus alicuius
    • to agree in fact but not in word: re concinere, verbis discrepare
    • to address a meeting of the people: verba facere apud populum, in contione
    • pathos; passion: magniloquentia, granditas verborum
    • the plain style: verborum tenuitias, oratio subtilis
    • well-chosen language, grace of style: ornatus orationis, verborum
    • to explain one's sentiments: sententias (verbis) explicare, aperire
    • to express clearly, make a lifelike representation of a thing: exprimere aliquid verbis or oratione (vid. sect. VI. 3, note adumbrare...)
    • the connection: perpetuitas verborum
    • to go deeply into a matter, discuss it fully: multa verba facere
    • to give a full, detailed account of a thing: pluribus verbis, copiosius explicare, persequi aliquid
    • the circumstances are described in language worthy of them: rebus verba respondent
    • to be unable to say all one wants: verbis non omnia exsequi posse
    • I have abundance to say: res (opp. verba) mihi suppetit
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): ad verbum transferre, exprimere
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): verbum e verbo exprimere
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): verbum pro verbo reddere
    • to translate literally, word for word (not verbo tenus): totidem verbis transferre
    • to translate freely: his fere verbis, hoc fere modo convertere, transferre
    • the structure of the sentence: compositio, structura verborum
    • the period: ambitus, circuitus, comprehensio, continuatio (verborum, orationis), also simply periodus
    • the construction: constructio, structura verborum, forma dicendi
    • profusion of words: copia, ubertas verborum
    • to be rich in words: verbis abundantem esse, abundare
    • poverty of expression: inopia verborum
    • to employ carefully chosen expressions: lectissimis verbis uti (De Or. 3. 37)
    • obsolete, ambiguous expressions: prisca, obsoleta (opp. usitata), ambigua verba
    • nominally; really: verbo, nomine; re, re quidem vera
    • literally: si verba spectas
    • in some one's name; on some one's behalf (not nomine alicuius): verbis alicuius, e.g. salutare (Liv. 9. 36)
    • these are mere empty phrases: haec verba sunt (Ter. Phorm. 3. 2. 32)
    • mere words; empty sound: inanis verborum sonitus
    • senseless rant: inanium verborum flumen
    • to not say a word: nullum (omnino) verbum facere
    • to say not a syllable about a person: ne verbum (without unum) quidem de aliquo facere
    • to speak on a subject: verba facere (de aliqua re, apud aliquem)
    • to extract a word from some one: verbum ex aliquo elicere
    • to hold an altercation with a man: verbis concertare or altercari cum aliquo (B. C. 3. 19. 6)
    • an altercation, debate: verborum concertatio
    • to say only a few words: pauca dicere (pauca verba dicere only of the orator)
    • all this means to say: omnia verba huc redeunt
    • no word escaped him: nullum verbum ex ore eius excidit (or simply ei)
    • to unable to find a suitable expression: verbo parum valere (Tusc. 3. 5. 11)
    • not to understand a single word: verbum prorsus nullum intellegere
    • to introduce a new word into the Latin language: inducere novum verbum in latinam linguam
    • to invent, form words: verba parere, fingere, facere
    • to form, derive a word from... (used of the man who first creates the word): vocabulum, verbum, nomen ducere ab, ex...
    • to derive a word from... (used of an etymologist): verbum ductum esse a...putare
    • to derive a word from... (used of an etymologist): originem verbi repetere a...
    • to give the etymological explanation of words: nomina enodare or verborum origines quaerere, indagare
    • what is the meaning, the original sense of this word: quae est vis huius verbi?
    • the fundamental meaning of a word: vis et notio verbi, vocabuli
    • to hold by the letter (of the law): verba ac litteras or scriptum (legis) sequi (opp. sententia the spirit)
    • the order of words: ordo verborum (Or. 63. 214)
    • a figurative expression; a word used metaphorically: verbum translatum (Or. 27. 92)
    • well-arranged words: verba composita
    • a trope; metonymy: verborum immutatio
    • it was said long ago that..: vetus (verbum) est (c. Acc. c. Inf.)
    • minute, pedantic carping at words: verborum aucupium or captatio
    • the text of the author (not textus): verba, oratio, exemplum scriptoris
    • to strike out, delete a word: inducere verbum (Phil. 13. 19. 43)
    • the terms, contents of the letter are as follows: litterae in hanc sententiam or his verbis scriptae sunt
    • insulting expressions: voces (verba) contumeliosae
    • insulting expressions: verborum contumeliae
    • to deceive a person, throw dust in his eyes: verba dare alicui (Att. 15. 16)
    • to read prayers for the congregation to repeat: praeire verba (carmen) (Liv. 31. 17)
    • a word with you: tribus verbis te volo
    • remember me to your brother: nuntia fratri tuo salutem verbis meis (Fam. 7. 14)
    • to use Cicero's expression; to say with Cicero (not ut cum Cicerone loquar): ut Ciceronis verbis utar
    • to use the mildest expression: ut levissime dicam (opp. ut gravissimo verbo utar)
  • verbum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Meyer-Lübke, Wilhelm (1911), “vĕrbum”, in Romanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), page 703

本页面最后更新于2022-07-16 05:08,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器