万维词典

【vulgar】在多语言下的意思、翻译、词源、用法、例句

Jump to search
See also: vulgär and vulgær

英语(English)

替代形式(Alternative forms)

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed into Middle English from Latin vulgāris, from volgus, vulgus (mob; common folk), from Proto-Indo-European *wl̥k- (compare Welsh gwala (plenty, sufficiency), Ancient Greek ἁλία (halía, assembly) εἰλέω (eiléō, to compress), Old Church Slavonic великъ (velikŭ, great).

发音(Pronunciation)

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈvʌl.ɡə/
  • (US) enPR: vŭlʹgər, IPA(key): /ˈvʌl.ɡɚ/

形容词(Adjective)

vulgar (comparative more vulgar or vulgarer, superlative most vulgar or vulgarest)

  1. Debased, uncouth, distasteful, obscene.
    vulgar language
    vulgar words
    a truly vulgar showing of affection
    vulgar and highly distressing scenes
    • 1551, James A.H. Murray, editor, A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles: Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by the Philological Society.[1], volume 1, Oxford: Clarendon Press, published 1888, Part 1, page 217:
      Also the rule of false position, with dyuers examples not onely vulgar, but some appertaynyng to the rule of Algeber.
    • The construction worker made a vulgar suggestion to the girls walking down the street.
  2. (classical sense) Having to do with ordinary, common people.
    • 1661, John Fell, The Life of Dr. Hammond:
      It might be more useful to the English reader [] to write in our vulgar language.
    • 1834-1874, George Bancroft, History of the United States, from the Discovery of the American Continent.
      The mechanical process of multiplying books had brought the New Testament in the vulgar tongue within the reach of every class.
    • 1860, G. Syffarth, "A Remarkable Seal in Dr. Abbott's Museum at New York", Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis, age 265
      Further, the same sacred name in other monuments precedes the vulgar name of King Takellothis, the sixth of the XXII. Dyn., as we have seen.
  3. (especially taxonomy) Common, usual; of the typical kind.
    the vulgar bush brown, Bicyclus vulgaris
    • 1869, Richard Francis Burton, The Highlands of the Brazil, page 85:
      A vulture (V. aura), probably the Acabiry first described by Azara, is here called [] the hunter. It resembles in form the vulgar bird, but it flies high. The head is red, and the wings are black with silver lining, like the noble Bateleur of Africa.

同义词(Synonyms)

衍生词(Derived terms)

翻译(Translations)

名词(Noun)

vulgar (plural vulgars)

  1. (classicism) A common, ordinary person.
    • 2016, Evan Gottlieb, Juliet Shields, Representing Place in British Literature and Culture, 1660-1830
      Popular antiquarian writings [] frequently focused on the regional vulgars' superstitious beliefs regarding the dead and their ongoing presence—such as popular funeral rites or the vulgars' fear of church yards.
  2. (collective) The common people.
  3. The vernacular tongue or common language of a country.
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, “As You Like It”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies; Published according to the True Originall Copies, London, act 5, scene 1, page 204, Internet Shakespeare Editions:
      Therefore you Clowne, abandon: which is in the vulgar, leaue the societie: which in the boorish, is companie, of this female: which in the common, is woman: which together, is, abandon the society of this Female, []
      (Or in a modern form: Therefore, you clown, abandon—which is in the vulgar, “leave”—the society—which in the boorish is “company”—of this female—which in the common is “woman”—which together is: abandon the society of this female,[])

Catalan

词源(Etymology)

From Latin vulgāris.

形容词(Adjective)

vulgar (masculine and feminine plural vulgars)

  1. vulgar

衍生词(Derived terms)

  • vulgarment

关联词(Related terms)

  • vulgaritat

查看更多(Further reading)


Galician

词源(Etymology)

From Latin vulgāris.

形容词(Adjective)

vulgar m or f (plural vulgares)

  1. common to the people, vulgar
  2. ordinary, undistinguished
  3. popular, commonly understood, as opposed to scientific or technical
  4. simple, unintelligent

同义词(Synonyms)

反义词(Antonyms)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


Portuguese

词源(Etymology)

From Latin vulgāris.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

vulgar (plural vulgares, comparable)

  1. common to the people, vulgar
  2. ordinary, undistinguished
    Synonym: prosaico
  3. popular, commonly understood, as opposed to scientific or technical
    Synonyms: comum, popular
  4. simple, unintelligent

反义词(Antonyms)

关联词(Related terms)


Romanian

词源(Etymology)

Borrowed from French vulgaire, Latin vulgaris.

发音(Pronunciation)

形容词(Adjective)

vulgar m or n (feminine singular vulgară, masculine plural vulgari, feminine and neuter plural vulgare)

  1. vulgar

变化形式(Declension)

同义词(Synonyms)

关联词(Related terms)


Spanish

词源(Etymology)

From Latin vulgāris.

发音(Pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /bulˈɡaɾ/, [bulˈɣ̞aɾ]

形容词(Adjective)

vulgar (plural vulgares)

  1. vulgar

衍生词(Derived terms)

关联词(Related terms)

查看更多(Further reading)


本页面最后更新于2021-03-28 21:27,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器