万维词典

主题:Semantic relations

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

There are several different kinds of semantic relations and at least the following ones are relevant to Wiktionary. Terms that are semantically related to a given term can be included both at the term’s page and at a Thesaurus page.


Relation Description Section
Synonymy Each listed synonym denotes the same as this entry. ====Synonyms====
Antonymy Each listed antonym denotes the opposite of this entry. ====Antonyms====
Hypernymy Each listed hypernym is superordinate to this entry; This entry’s referent is a kind of that denoted by listed hypernym. ====Hypernyms====
Hyponymy Each listed hyponym is subordinate to this entry; Each listed hyponym’s referent is a kind of that denoted by this entry. ====Hyponyms====
Meronymy Each listed meronym denotes part of this entry’s referent. ====Meronyms====
Holonymy Each listed holonym has this entry’s referent as a part of itself; this entry’s referent is part of that of each listed holonym. ====Holonyms====
Troponymy Each listed troponym denotes a particular way to do this entry’s referent. ====Troponyms====
Coordinate term Each listed coordinate term shares a hypernym with this entry. ====Coordinate terms====
Otherwise related Each listed “otherwise related” term semantically relates to this entry. ====See also====

Synonymy

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Definition: Each listed synonym denotes the same as this entry.
The equivalence may be less than perfect (cognitive synonymy) but should pass the practical test that "often when people say X they are referring to a thing that Y also often refers to"; this may exclude some plesionyms, but this test allows for some variability in what "not everyone considers to be wholly differentiated."
Properties: symmetric and reflexive
Section: ====Synonyms====

Synonymy is a symmetric and reflexive relation.

Examples

  • pretty and attractive are synonyms
  • sick and ill are synonyms
  • {{synonym of|ill|lang=en}} produces Synonym of ill
  • {{sense|unwell of health}} produces (unwell of health):, useful for disambiguating between synonyms for a partial sense.

Usage

====Synonyms====
* {{l|en|synonym}} (allows language-specific link)
* [[synonym]] (also acceptable)

Antonymy

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Definition: Each listed antonym denotes the opposite of this entry.
Properties: symmetric
Section: ====Antonyms====

Antonymy is a symmetric relation.

Examples

Usage

====Antonyms====
* {{l|en|antonym}} (allows language-specific link)
* [[antonym]] (also acceptable)

Hypernymy

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Definition: Each listed hypernym is superordinate to this entry. This entry’s referent is (one of) the kind(s) of things each hypernym refers to.
Properties: transitive
Section: ====Hypernyms====

Hypernymy is a transitive relation.

Examples

Usage

====Hypernyms====
* {{l|en|hypernym}} (allows language-specific link)
* [[hypernym]] (also acceptable)

Hyponymy

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Definition: Each listed hyponym is subordinate to this entry. Each hyponym refers to a specific kind of the thing described by this entry.
Properties: transitive
Section: ====Hyponyms====

Hyponymy is a transitive relation.

Examples

Usage

====Hyponyms====
* {{l|en|hyponym}} (allows language-specific link)
* [[hyponym]] (also acceptable)

Meronymy

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Definition: Each listed meronym denotes part of this entry’s referent.
Properties: transitive
Section: ====Meronyms====

Meronymy is a transitive relation.

Examples

Usage

====Meronym====
* {{l|en|meronym}} (allows language-specific link)
* [[meronym]] (also acceptable)

Holonymy

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Definition: Each listed holonym has this entry’s referent as a part of itself; this entry’s referent is part of each listed holonym.
Properties: transitive
Section: ====Holonyms====

Holonymy is a transitive relation.

Examples

Usage

====Holonyms====
* {{l|en|holonym}} (allows language-specific link)
* [[holonym]] (also acceptable)

Troponymy

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Definition: Each listed troponym denotes a particular way to do this entry’s referent.
Properties: transitive
Section: ====Troponyms====

Troponymy is a transitive relation.

Examples

Usage

====Troponyms====
* {{l|en|troponym}} (allows language-specific link)
* [[troponym]] (also acceptable)

Coordinate term

Definition: Each listed coordinate term shares a hypernym with this entry.
Properties: symmetric and reflexive
Section: ====Coordinate terms====

Most coordinate terms should not be added to this section. They should be added as categories instead. Only words that don’t belong in any other sections and are strongly related should be here.

Examples

Usage

[[Category:Category of shared hypernym]]
or
====Coordinate terms====
* {{l|en|coordinate term}} (allows language-specific link)
* [[coordinate term]] (also acceptable)

Otherwise related

Definition: Each listed “otherwise related” term semantically relates to this entry.
Section: ====See also====

If you don’t know exactly how a word is semantically related to the word you are trying to define please add to this section. However, since almost all words are semantically related to each other on some abstract level, please use your own judgement on whether somebody possibly would find it useful. Other relevant pages on Wiktionary can also be linked here, such as appendices and categories.

Note: For any links to external sites, including sister projects like Wikipedia, use the section ====Further reading==== (See this vote)

Usage

====See also====
* {{l|en|related term}} (allows language-specific link)
* [[related term]] (also acceptable)

Note that for etymologically related words (in the same language), the header ====Related terms==== should be used – see Wiktionary:Etymology.

查看更多(See also)


本页面最后更新于2020-03-01 16:56,点击更新本页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基词典(wiktionary.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维词典为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,您还可以直接访问维基词典官方网站


顶部